Leave a … It is worth noting that wetlands, the other major water-based ecosystem apart from rivers, are at a moment of policy transition in the country. Bhoj Wetland was recognized as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 2002. Categories … Why in the news? The official name of the treaty is The Convention on … Ramsar Site At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. It highlights the value of wetlands in securing local … The trend shows that every year UPSC asks one to two questions related to wetlands. These dates are for guidance and counts from any date between the beginning of December to end February are very … Reviving wetlands is one of the most effective ways we can heal the climate. Article 2.1.: Wetlands may incorporate riparian and … With this, a total of 37 sites in the country have been recognised under the international treaty. WETLANDS :- 1-2 Questions in UPSC Prelims Every Year- The Analysis. Relevance to Syllabus of UPSC GSM3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation. It is the only international treaty that addresses a specific ecosystem (wetland.) It would recommend the designation of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. ; This decision came on the sidelines … It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List. Below is the compilation of questions on wetlands from last 6 years to illustrate the trend-PRELIMS 2018- Q-Which one of the following is an artificial lake? If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? According to an assessment undertaken by Wetlands International South Asia (WISA), between 1970 and 2014, cities have rapidly degraded wetlands, to the tune of 25 ha per sq. Comparison of wetlands conservation and management rules 2010 and 2017. The survival of … The Criteria for Identifying Wetlands of International Importance were adopted by the 7th (1999) and 9th (2005) Meetings of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, superseding earlier Criteria adopted by the 4th and 6th Meetings of the COP … A recent phenomenon is the gathering of 100-120 sarus cranes in the lake. a) 1 only. The biggest offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds. … It was signed on 2 February 1971 at Ramsar in . UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Wetland Conservation and Management Rules 2017. Guidance and Reporting. We are the global not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. Wetlands International: GK, General Studies and Current Affairs. Designate wetlands for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance; Promote, as far as possible, the wise use of wetlands in their territory; Promote international cooperation especially with regard to transboundary wetlands, shared water systems, and shared species; Create wetland reserves; Go to top. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands It is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”. Wetlands are the source of water that supports all forms of life. It is one of the International Partner Organizations of the Ramsar Convention. B The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to … Two New Ramsar Sites. Penalties: Undertaking any prohibited or regulated activities beyond the thresholds (defined by the state/UT administration) in the wetlands or its zone of influence, will be deemed violations under the Wetlands Rules. Recently, the Government has identified 130 wetlands for priority restoration in the next five years and asked states to submit their respective integrated management plan.. Each of these wetlands will be restored under a comprehensive scheme of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) for conservation and restoration of wetlands and lakes. Enforcing the rules: The Wetlands Authorities are responsible for ensuring the enforcement of the Wetlands Rules and other relevant acts, rules and regulations. … Continue reading "Insights into Editorial: … Important International Conventions on Environment and Ecology -हिंदी में-UPSC CSE/ IAS Preparation - Duration: 33:44. Following the notification of draft Wetland Rules in 2016, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notified the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 in order to prohibit a range of activities in wetlands. In addition, the Criteria indicates that in the first instance, wetlands of international importance to waterbirds at any season should be included on the Ramsar List. Let's Crack UPSC CSE 84,128 views 33:44 Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. km of built-up area. The 2018 theme is “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future”. The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Montreux Record is a register of wetlands sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or likely to occur. Originally, the treaty focussed on the conservation of the habitats for waterbirds. We safeguard and restore wetlands for people and nature. Earlier in 2020, India designated 10 more wetlands as a Ramsar site, taking the total number from 27 to 37. Swamps, marshes and mangroves are examples of wetlands. There are almost 115 wetlands that are officially identified by the central government and of those 26 are identified as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention which is an international intergovernmental treaty for conservation of wetlands. They work with local communities to protect and preserve the wetland regions. Ramsar Convention is formally known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. White storks, black-necked storks, bar-headed geese, spoonbills, etc., that have been rare sightings in the past, have started appearing. Wetland … Details about important environment agreement and treaties. HOME; Prelims. Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttarakhand) have been designated as Ramsar sites, making them ‘Wetlands of International Importance’. Kolleru Lake: Confluence of Musi and Krishna: Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched? Under the Ramsar International Wetland Conservation treaty, wetlands are defined as: Article 1.1.: Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres. Harike Wetlands: Confluence of Beas and Sutlej: 2. The World Wetlands Day (WWD) is observed every year on February 2 to mark the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in the city of Ramsar in Iran in 1971. More from Us: प्रखर UPSC EPFO 2020: A 4-Month Master Course Batch-3 … In 1996 Name was changed to Wetlands International and established its headquarters in the Netherlands . Wetlands International. The Ramsar (city in Iran where it was ratified in 1971) Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. Despite our … GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. by IASNOVA March 20, 2019, 7:23 am 4.1k Views. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? The Convention on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. It can later designate more such wetlands. (a) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu) (b) … The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilo meters from the edge of the wetland . In 1954, the name became International Waterfowl & Wetlands Research Bureau (IWRB). Being a part of the Ramsar Convention, a country will gain access to the knowledge of how to conserve and make sustainable use of the … b) 2 and 3. c) 1 and 3. d) 1, 2 … They support a flourishing community of aquatic organisms including frogs and other amphibians. When a … Important Facts about the Ramsar Convention for UPSC. With 2 more inclusions, the total number of Ramsar sites in India is 39, the highest in … (UPSC CSAT 2014) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. Here is a quiz of 10 questions based on it with explanations and answers. GK Quiz For UPSC Civil Services Exam: Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Sources: the Hindu. … Get Previous Year Questions Environment paper with solution, 2011 UPSC Prelims Questions paper and solutions, 2013 UPSC Prelims Questions paper, 2014 Prelims questions paper @ IASbaba. Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importancewhere changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. 2370) is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world, the Sundarbans, that encompasses hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets and creeks, in the delta of the Rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh.The Indian Sundarban, … Will you join us? Ecological character of a Ramsar site may degrade because of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. #PowerofWetlands. They get periodically get inundated with water. It is maintained as a part of the Ramsar List. Introduction: Define Wetland. Share your story . It would also advise the government in collaboration with the International organizations on various issues related to wetland conservation and wetland protection etc. The recommended days for the annual AWC covers two weeks and three weekends, beginning on the first Saturday every January when we should encourage you to count waterbirds. A Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia; The specialized algae and bacteria growing in the lake provide striking water colours and support the lake ecology that, in turn, sustains the migrating waterfowl ; … Wetlands International’s Waterbird Population Estimates programme. New Rules: Upper Lake acts as the lifeline of the city supplying 40% of its potable water. There are presently 158 Contracting Parties to the Convention, with 1758 wetland sites, totaling 161 million hectares, designated for inclusion in the Ramsar List of … The updated rules will supersede the 2010 rules. Once a country is part of the Ramsar sites. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. … The Site (Ramsar Site no. Prelims GS Strategy; CSAT Strategy; Previous UPSC Prelims Question Paper; Books/Sources to Refer ; How to Read HINDU Newspaper; 100 Days Revision Plan-IRP 2020; 60 Day Plan for Prelims … Wetlands International. toggle menu. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran. if a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘montreux record’, what does it imply; Q. Q 1) Consider the following pairs : (2014) Wetlands Confluence of Rivers: 1. The Montreaux Record is a voluntary mechanism to highlight specific wetland of international importance under the Ramsar convention, but which are facing immediate challenges.In particular, the Montreux Record is a register of listed Ramsar sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or … India joined the convention on February 1, 1982. When a party joins the convention, it has to designate at least one site for the Ramsar list. Wetlands International coordinates the International Water bird census of which Asian Water bird census is an integral part. Keoladeo Ghana: Confluence of national Park Banas and Chambal: 3. Insights into Editorial: Reconsider the Rules Context: Earlier this year, a judgment by the Uttarakhand High Court, stating that Ganga and Yamuna rivers are “living entities”, captured the national imagination. India has designated Sundarban Wetland as a Wetland of International Importance, its 27th. The following facts are from the exam’s perspective and can be beneficial for both Prelims and Mains stage of the IAS Exam. The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the … Ramsar Convention. 2018 World Wetland Day (WWD) February 7, 2018. A country has to designate at least one of its wetlands into the list of wetlands of international importance which is also called a Ramsar list or Ramsar sites. Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines. 8.Is India a part of this convention? Wetlands are ecotones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Initially wetland International were known as the International Wildfowl Inquiry. India is a party to the treaty. Check your progress with these UPSC Previous year Questions. The Ramsar convention on wetlands is an international treaty which provides the framework for a National action plan and international cooperation for the conservation, protection and wise use of the wetland and its resources.