5,751 degrees, diplomas and certificates were awarded. It was probably the most powerful earthquake in recorded New Zealand history,[43] with an estimated magnitude of at least 8.2 on the Moment magnitude scale. Combined, these five services carry 11.64 million passengers per year. [25] The migrating groups were Ngāti Toa, which came from Kāwhia, Ngāti Rangatahi, from near Taumarunui, and Te Atiawa, Ngāti Tama, Ngāti Mutunga, Taranaki and Ngāti Ruanui from Taranaki. The Wellington urban area, which only includes urbanised areas within Wellington City, has a population of 215,100 residents as of June 2020. News. The 1996-restored Government Buildings[44] near Parliament is the largest wooden building in the Southern Hemisphere. It has been used as a quarantine station for people and animals, and was an internment camp during World War I and World War II. The Wellington area has numerous primary and secondary schools. The "three waters" – drinking water, stormwater, and wastewater services for Wellington are provided by five councils: Wellington City, Hutt, Upper Hutt and Porirua city councils, and the Greater Wellington Regional Council. Wellington's transport network includes train and bus lines which reach as far as the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa, and ferries connect the city to the South Island. Industry has developed mainly in the Hutt Valley, where there are food-processing plants, engineering industries, vehicle assembly and oil refineries.[32]. [17][22] A later Māori explorer, Whatonga, named the harbour Te Whanganui-a-Tara after his son Tara. Wellington is covered by six general electorates: Hutt South, Mana, Ōhāriu, Rimutaka, Rongotai, and Wellington Central. Flights to other international destinations require a transfer at another airport, as larger aircraft cannot use Wellington's short (2,081-metre or 6,827-foot) runway, which has become an issue in recent years in regards to the Wellington region's economic performance. Wellington is also home to several of the largest and oldest cultural institutions in the nation, such the National Archives, the National Library, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, and numerous theatres. The local authorities are responsible for a wide variety of public services, which include management and maintenance of local roads, and land-use planning.[118]. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori. [77] In the middle of 2009 house prices had dropped, interest rates were low, and buy-to-let property investment was again looking attractive, particularly in the Lambton precinct, according to these two reporters. MetService is New Zealand’s national weather authority, providing accurate … The Waitangi Tribunal has found that at the time of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, Te Atiawa, Taranaki, Ngati Ruanui, Ngati Tama, and Ngati Toa held mana whenua interests in the area, through conquest and occupation. On the east the Remutaka Range divides Wellington from the broad plains of the Wairarapa, a wine region of national notability. Across the road is the largest wooden building in the Southern Hemisphere,[71] part of the old Government Buildings which now houses part of Victoria University of Wellington's Law Faculty. [89], Tourism is a major contributor to the city's economy, injecting approximately NZ$1.3 billion into the region annually and accounting for 9% of total FTE employment. Other notable buildings include Wellington Town Hall, Wellington railway station, Dominion Museum (now Massey University), Aon Centre (Wellington), Wellington Regional Stadium, and Wellington Airport at Rongotai. Coco is one of those hidden gem stores that you need to seek out. Waitangi Tribunal, Te Whanganui a Tara me ona Takiwa, page 18, Waitangi Tribunal, Te Whanganui a Tara me ona Takiwa, page 18, Wellington Harbour Board Wharf Office Building, Learn how and when to remove this template message, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, Public transport in the Wellington Region, List of bus routes in the Wellington Region, Water supply and sanitation in the Wellington region, "Urban Rural 2020 (generalised) - GIS | | GIS Map Data Datafinder Geospatial Statistics | Stats NZ Geographic Data Service", "Where is the world's windiest city? [28] A session of parliament officially met in the capital for the first time on 26 July 1865. It is also the country's cultural capital and the third most populous urban area in New Zealand. Ngāti Mutunga later moved on to the Chatham Islands. Kia Kaha New Zealand, Stay Strong. Wellington ligger på Nordöns södra kust vid Cooksundet.Staden grundades 1840 och blev huvudstad 1865. Your browser does not support the video tag. ZEALANDIA is the world’s first fully-fenced urban ecosanctuary, with an extraordinary 500-year vision to restore a Wellington valley’s forest and freshwater ecosystems as closely as possible to their pre-human state. Find out more about Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand’s globally ranked capital city university, and all that it has to offer. Wellington's economy is primarily service-based, with an emphasis on finance, business services, and government. There are several restored theatre buildings: the St James Theatre, the Opera House and the Embassy Theatre. [38][39], On 29 January 2019, the suburb of Kelburn reached 30.3 °C (87 °F), the highest temperature since records began in 1927.[40]. As well as space for animals to be rehomed, SPCA’s Wellington Centre, known as the Margaret Doucas Animal Hospital has a full veterinary hospital providing care for the animals in the community as well as those in SPCA care. [25], Steps towards Pākehā (European) settlement in the area began in 1839, when Colonel William Wakefield arrived to purchase land for the New Zealand Company to sell to prospective British settlers. Bus transport in Wellington is supplied by several different operators under the banner of Metlink. [12][13], Wellington takes its name from Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington and victor of the Battle of Waterloo (1815): his title comes from the town of Wellington in the English county of Somerset. The suburb of Newtown lies in the southern part of Wellington in New Zealand.It lies east of Vogeltown, between Mount Cook and Berhampore.The main thoroughfares of Newtown are Riddiford St, leading from Mount Cook to Berhampore and Melrose, and Constable St, leading from Newtown to Kilbirnie.. DISCOVER THE WILD SIDE OF WELLINGTON. Subsequently, a number of recent buildings were demolished rather than being rebuilt, often a decision made by the insurer. The Wellington region has 500 square kilometres (190 sq mi) of regional parks and forests. Due to Wellington being the capital city of New Zealand, its residents are more likely to participate in politics compared to other cities in New Zealand.[5]. Wellington is the home for the Royal New Zealand Ballet, the New Zealand School of Dance and contemporary dance company Footnote. Watch the video. On a clear day the snowcapped Kaikoura Ranges are visible to the south across the strait. Kinetic sculptures have been commissioned, such as the Zephyrometer. In 2005, the market was described as "robust". Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Wellington, New Zealand on Tripadvisor: See 61,577 traveler reviews and photos of Wellington tourist attractions. [92] New Zealanders make up the largest visitor market, with 3.6 million visits each year; New Zealand visitors spend on average NZ$2.4 million a day. Leading architects include Frederick Thatcher, Frederick de Jersey Clere, W. Gray Young, Bill Alington, Ian Athfield, Roger Walker and Pynenburg and Collins. Wellington Central weather forecast, two hourly data, maps, rain radar and current conditions. Air New Zealand is defending its fares in the face of criticism of one-way fares hitting $400 each way between Auckland and Wellington. [37] The city is notorious for its southerly blasts in winter, which may make the temperature feel much colder. Wellington breddegrad og længde Other visual art galleries include the City Gallery. New health minister says 'critical decisions' on recommended changes to New Zealand's creaking public health service will be made early next year. Discover the city’s Maori roots at the Museum of Wellington City & Sea and the Museum of New Zealand. [88] In addition, Wellington is an important centre of the New Zealand film and theatre industry, and second to Auckland in terms of numbers of screen industry businesses. Emerging Kiwi filmmakers, like Robert Sarkies, Taika Waititi, Costa Botes and Jennifer Bush-Daumec,[110] are extending the Wellington-based lineage and cinematic scope. A child born in New Zealand on or after 03.12.2004 shall be a citizen of India by descent, if either of the parents ( father or mother ) is an Indian citizen at the time of birth of the child and the birth of the child has been registered with The High Commission of India, Wellington within one year of the birth. New Zealand Parliament New Zealand might be a young country but it has one of the oldest continuously functioning parliaments in the world and has chalked up more than its share of firsts, including being the first to give women the vote (in 1893) and the first to include an openly transgender Member of Parliament (in 1999). Wellington is characterised by small dining establishments, and its café culture is internationally recognised, being known for its large number of coffeehouses. The port handles approximately 10.5 million tonnes of cargo on an annual basis,[82] importing petroleum products, motor vehicles, minerals and exporting meats, wood products, dairy products, wool, and fruit. [59], Wellington ranks 12th in the world for quality of living,[6] according to a 2014 study by consulting company Mercer; of cities in the Asia–Pacific region, Wellington ranked third behind Auckland and Sydney (as of 2014[update]). [93] There are approximately 540,000 international visitors each year, who spend 3.7 million nights and NZ$436 million. Each electorate returns one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Old Boys' Spirit of Adventure Scholarship. Old St Paul's is an example of 19th-century Gothic Revival architecture adapted to colonial conditions and materials, as is St Mary of the Angels. Residents place their confidence in good building regulations, which became more stringent in the 20th century. It is a conservation island, providing refuge for endangered species, much like Kapiti Island farther up the coast. Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand. It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range. These include Otari-Wilton's Bush, dedicated to the protection and propagation of native plants. [52] On Monday 20 January 2014 at 3:52 pm a rolling 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the lower North Island 15 km east of Eketahuna and was felt in Wellington, but little damage was reported initially, except at Wellington Airport where one of the two giant eagle sculptures commemorating The Hobbit became detached from the ceiling. We're looking for a new full-time extra-curricular Arts Director. The Government Buildings were constructed at Lambton Quay in 1876. Result: New Zealand was the first self-governing country … From 1936 to 1992 Wellington was home to the National Art Gallery of New Zealand, when it was amalgamated into Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. [5], Wellington is New Zealand's political centre, housing the nation's major government institutions. Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa. All electorates are held by the governing Labour Party. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed. [128], Wellington and the Hutt Valley were two of the original nine towns and cities in New Zealand to be supplied with natural gas when the Kapuni gas field entered production in 1970, and a 260-kilometre-long (160 mi) high-pressure pipeline from the field in Taranaki to the city was completed. Sailing between Wellington and Picton several times a day, the Interislander journey is considered one of the most beautiful ferry journeys in the world and one of New Zealand's most iconic experiences. Wellington (maori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara eller Pōneke) är huvudstad på Nya Zeeland och landets näst största stad, efter Auckland och strax före Christchurch.Wellington har 381 900 invånare och är därmed Oceaniens största huvudstad. It has been promoted through a variety of campaigns and taglines, starting with the iconic Absolutely Positively Wellington advertisements. Visit top … We are New Zealand’s top-ranked university for research intensity and consistently rank among the world’s best universities in the QS World Rankings. In 2012 the group disbanded when some of its members moved to Australia. [124], Wellington International Airport is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) south-east of the city centre. Until October 2017 there were nine trolleybus routes, all other buses running on diesel. Buses serve almost every part of Wellington city, with most of them running along the "Golden Mile" from Wellington railway station to Courtenay Place. [90] The city is consistently named as New Zealanders' favourite destination in the quarterly FlyBuys Colmar Brunton Mood of the Traveller survey[91] and it was ranked fourth in Lonely Planet Best in Travel 2011's Top 10 Cities to Visit in 2011. The capital city is also the location of the highest court, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, and the historic former High Court building (opened 1881) has been enlarged and restored for its use. A modernist building housing the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa lies on the waterfront, on Cable Street. Get a prospectus. The next most-common countries of origin were Samoa (2.0%), India (1.8%), China (1.7%), Australia (1.6%), the Philippines (1.2%), South Africa (1.1%), Fiji (1.0%), the United States (0.8%) and Malaysia (0.6%).[65][66]. Much of this land was subsequently reclaimed and is now part of the central business district. New Zealand's first Certified Organic, bean-to-bar chocolate makers. [78] Most (56%) owned their apartment; 42% rented (of renters, 16% paid NZ$351 to NZ$450 per week, 13% paid less and 15% paid more – only 3% paid more than NZ$651 per week). Wellington is more densely populated than most other cities in New Zealand due to the restricted amount of land that is available between its harbour and the surrounding hills. It is the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Wellington has one of the country's highest turn-outs for the annual New Zealand International Film Festival. Wellington is the centre of all of that. New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Nevine String Quartet and Chamber music New Zealand are based in Wellington. Connecting our North Island and South Island together since 1962, our Interislander ferry service is New Zealand's original Cook Strait ferry. Over six months in 1939 and 1940 Wellington hosted the New Zealand Centennial Exhibition, celebrating a century since the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. View the garden. Wellington is twinned with the following cities:[137], It also has historical ties with Chania, Greece; Harrogate, England; and Çanakkale, Turkey. Wellington is at the south-western tip of the North Island on Cook Strait, separating the North and South Islands. [51] At 2:31 pm on Friday 16 August 2013 the Lake Grassmere earthquake struck, this time magnitude 6.6, but again no major damage occurred, though many buildings were evacuated. [4], The position of Wellington as capital of New Zealand is not defined in legislation, but established by convention. Between 1924 and 1968, the city's supply was supplemented by a coal-fired power station at Evans Bay.[127]. In 1967, the Mount Victoria transmitter was replaced with a more powerful transmitter at Mount Kaukau. Te Whaea National Dance & Drama Centre, houses New Zealand's University-level school of Dance and Drama, Toi Whakaari: NZ Drama School & New Zealand School of Dance, and Whitireia Performing Arts Centre. Wellington's scenic natural harbour and green hillsides adorned with tiered suburbs of colonial villas are popular with tourists. Many cruise ships also use the port. Its school of design was established in 1886 and has research centres for studying public health, sleep, Maori health, small & medium enterprises, disasters, and tertiary teaching excellence. The New Zealand School of Music was established in 2005 through a merger of the conservatory and theory programmes at Massey University and Victoria University of Wellington. [78] The report continued: "The four most important reasons for living in an apartment were given as lifestyle and city living (23%), close to work (20%), close to shops and cafes (11%) and low maintenance (11%) ... City noise and noise from neighbours were the main turnoffs for apartment dwellers (27%), followed by a lack of outdoor space (17%), living close to neighbours (9%) and apartment size and a lack of storage space (8%). These counts are from the 2013 census for the Wellington region (which includes the surrounding area in addition to the four cities). Discover the city’s Maori roots at the Museum of Wellington City & Sea and the Museum of New Zealand. The city is also home to the Rodger Fox Big Band and the Internationally renowned men's A Cappella chorus Vocal FX. Te Ngākau Civic Square is surrounded by the Town Hall and council offices, the Michael Fowler Centre, the Wellington Central Library, Capital E (home of the National Theatre for Children), the City-to-Sea Bridge, and the City Gallery. It is the centre of New Zealand's film and special effects industries, and increasingly a hub for information technology and innovation,[8] with two public research universities. [104], Filmmakers Sir Peter Jackson, Sir Richard Taylor and a growing team of creative professionals have turned the eastern suburb of Miramar into a film-making, post-production and special effects infrastructure centre, giving rise to the moniker 'Wellywood'. Wellington boasts a compact downtown area that’s easy to explore on foot and a wealth of architectural styles, from 19th-century wooden cottages to Art Deco masterpieces. Snow is very rare at low altitudes, although snow fell on the city and many other parts of the Wellington region during separate events on 25 July 2011 and 15 August 2011. "[109], Sometime Wellington directors Jane Campion and Geoff Murphy have reached the world's screens with their independent spirit. Wellington's oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858. The largest international visitor market is Australia, with over 210,000 visitors spending approximately NZ$334 million annually. [20], Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the 10th century. The latter figure represented a significant decline from seven years earlier at the previous census, when over 50% of the population identified as Christian. One of these is the Deluxe Expresso Bar that opened in 1988. It was named in November 1840 by the original settlers of the New Zealand Company on the suggestion of the directors of the same, in recognition of the Duke's strong support for the company's principles of colonisation and his "strenuous and successful defence against its enemies of the measure for colonising South Australia". The land to the west of this rises abruptly, meaning that many suburbs sit high above the centre of the city. Within months that area proved swampy and flood-prone, and most of the newcomers transplanted their settlement, which had been planned without regard for a hilly terrain,[citation needed] across Wellington Harbour to Thorndon in the present-day site of Wellington city. The hottest recorded temperature in the city is 31.1 °C (88 °F), while −1.9 °C (29 °F) is the coldest. It is generally very windy all year round with high rainfall; average annual rainfall is 1,250 mm (49 in), June and July being the wettest months. [47][48], Every five years a year-long slow quake occurs beneath Wellington, stretching from Kapiti to the Marlborough Sounds. [138], This article is about the city in New Zealand. The Museum of Wellington City & Sea in the Bond Store is in the Second French Empire style, and the Wellington Harbour Board Wharf Office Building is in a late English Classical style. Wellington is primarily surrounded by water, but some of the nearby locations are listed below. Approximately 62,000 people work in the CBD, only 4,000 fewer than work in Auckland's CBD, despite that city having four times the population. It is serviced by flights from across New Zealand, Australia, Singapore and Fiji. More expensive properties declined more steeply, sometimes by as much as 20%. Klik på et af linket til New zealand byer nedenfor. The trolleybus network was the last public system of its kind in the southern hemisphere. [100], Popular tourist attractions include Wellington Museum, Wellington Zoo, Zealandia and Wellington Cable Car. Visit Wellington Botanic Garden and enjoy 25 hectares of specialised plant collections, colourful botanical displays, unique landscape, protected native forest, and views over Wellington City.