What were their purpose? Sample 1 Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. This time they were going to resist colonial settlers. John Campbell, 1. Since the era of Richard II, several measures ensuring the protection of shipping were undertaken. II. Leben. … Each successive Navigation Act is listed below beneath each act's official title. The Navigation Act of 1663, also called the Staple Act, added more restrictions to the previous Acts. The Navigation Act 1660 and Staple Act 1663 required all European goods bound for America to be shipped through England or Wales first. These laws allowed Parliament to rigidly define all matters of maritime shipping and trade. The Navigation Act 1663 (also called the Act for the Encouragement of Trade, passed on 27th July) required all European goods bound for America (or other colonies) to be shipped through England first. Many acts were imposed to protect the supply of timber necessary for the maintenance and renewal of England’s voracious Navy and merchant fleets. NAVIGATION ACTS. Proclamation of 1763 Navigation Acts, 1763 After the French and Indian War, British colonists were eager to move westward into newly acquired land west of the Appalachian Mountains. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Updates? I have to agree; the French are responsible for practically everything. Prices at which Corn may be exported; paying Rates for the same as under 12 Car. The majority of pine (deal) used in eighteenth-century English furniture came from the Baltics. To force the colonies to deal with English ships rather than foreign ones, primarily Dutch. ( Log Out / Native Americans for 150 years had been pushed off their land and forced to relocate westward. This act was expanded and altered by the succeeding Navigation Acts of 1662, 1663, 1670, 1673, and by the Act to Prevent Frauds and Abuses of 1696. By 1640, they also exported them for use as ships masts. A note for those residing outside of New England: The Eastern White Pine of the 1600s and 1700s was an astounding specimen: 150 to 240 feet tall, with a trunk free of branches up to at least 80 feet, 5 feet in diameter at the base, and weighing 10 tons or more. The first British empire was built upon the concept of mercantilism—that the economic interests of the nation have priority over those of all other groups and areas and thus the periphery, or provinces, must profit the mother country. A companion enforcement law was enacted in 1696. The Navigation Acts (1651, 1660) were acts of Parliament intended to promote the self-sufficiency of the British Empire by restricting colonial trade to England and decreasing dependence on foreign imported goods. No wonder self-respecting colonists in my neck of the woods put down their plows and picked up their muskets. 1663- Charter Of Rhode Island: 1663- Grant To The Duke Of York: 1663- Second Charter Of Carolina: 1663- Second Navigation Act: 1672- Third Navigation Act: 1680- Charter Of Pennsylvania: 1691- Second Charter Of Massachusetts: 1696- Fourth Navigation Act: 1713- Treaty Of Utrecht: 1732- Charter Of Georgia: 1733- Molasses Act Top Answer their purpose t o force the colonies to deal with English ships. The Navigation Act 1663 was passed on the 27th of July, 1663 (the earlier Navigation Act of 1660 replaced the Navigation Act of 1651 which was abrogated on the grounds of having been illegally enacted by Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth). If you abuse the content in any way whatsoever or copy any part of it without Jack’s express written permission, various parts of your anatomy – according to an ancient Irish curse – will wither and drop off (or at the very least, some awful legal trouble will befall you). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Act of Uniformity (Explanation) Act 1663 (15 Car 2 c 6) was an Act of the Parliament of England. An Act for the Encouragement of Trade  [IV.] What were their purpose? NOW 50% OFF! The Navigation Act 1663 (also called the Act for the Encouragement of Trade, passed on 27 th July) required all European goods bound for America (or other colonies) to be shipped through England first. It prevented the colonies from importing goods from other European countries, unless the goods were first sent to British ports, where they would be inspected, repacked, and taxed. The Navigation Acts passed in 1651, 1660, and 1663 were passed to regulate trade between English colonies and England. According to paragraph 1, the Navigation Acts of 1660 and 1663 did not allow A importing goods without paying taxes on them B importing goods made outside the British Empire C using English ships to transport goods to non-British colonies Die Navigationsakten behielten die gesamte Einfuhr außereuropäischer Güter nach England sowie den gesamten Küstenhandel und die Fischerei in den englischen Gewässern der britischen Flagge vor und gestatteten die Einfuhr europäischer Waren nur auf englischen Schiffen und solchen der Ursprungsländer. This act was expanded and altered by the succeeding Navigation Acts of 1662, 1663, 1670, 1673, and by the Act to Prevent Frauds and Abuses of 1696. The tightening of the laws in 1764 contributed to the unrest leading to the rebellion of England’s American colonies; their achievement of independence made the first serious breach in the navigation system, and from then on exceptions were increasingly made. The Navigation Act of 1660 Empire is both a political and economic construct. This form of economy is called mercantilism. Was it called white pine or somothing else back then? British regulations designed to protect British shipping from competition. This time they were going to resist colonial settlers.