Expert Answer 80% (20 ratings) Previous question Next question Transcribed Image Text from this Question. Our lead page has over 280 facts that span 107 different quantities. Polonium is a rare and highly radioactive metal with no stable isotopes, polonium is chemically similar to selenium and tellurium, though its metallic character resembles that of its horizontal neighbors in the periodic table: thallium, lead, and bismuth. Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. Its extreme rarity in the Earth’s crust, comparable to that of platinum. Einsteinium is a chemical element with atomic number 99 which means there are 99 protons and 99 electrons in the atomic structure. Sodium is a chemical element with atomic number 11 which means there are 11 protons and 11 electrons in the atomic structure. It occurs on Earth as the decay product of various heavier elements. In a neutral lead atom, there will also be 82 electrons in the electron cloud. The chemical symbol for Scandium is Sc. Using the periodic table to write the expanded electron configuration and short-hand form of the electron configuration for lead. Like all elements with atomic number over 100, nobelium can only be produced in particle accelerators by bombarding lighter elements with charged particles. Its boiling point is the lowest among all the elements. It has four valence electrons in the outermost shell. The chemical symbol for Magnesium is Mg. Magnesium is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column (group 2, or alkaline earth metals) of the periodic table: all group 2 elements have the same electron configuration in the outer electron shell and a similar crystal structure. The valence electron configuration of Pb is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2, or 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4 electrons per shell. This method requires looking at the periodic table and looking for the near noble gas with a fewer number of electrons than lead. There are 118 elements … The chemical symbol for Nickel is Ni. Electron orbitals are differently-shaped regions around an atom's nucleus where electrons are mathematically likely to be located. Answer: Pb has an electronic configuration of [Xe]6s2 4f14 5d10 6p2. The principal lead mineral is lead sulfide (galena, PbS). Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. The chemical symbol for Erbium is Er. This fact has key implications for the building up of the periodic table of elements. Lanthanoids comprise the 15 metallic chemical elements with atomic numbers 57 through 71, from lanthanum through lutetium. Indium Overview Indium Complete Electron Configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4 s2 3 d10 4 p6 5 s2 4 d10 5 p1 Abbreviated Electron Configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1 Sources Found in … Cerium is a chemical element with atomic number 58 which means there are 58 protons and 58 electrons in the atomic structure. The chemical symbol for Iron is Fe. ^ means the number next to it is superscript so the electron config. Since Lead (Pb) has four valence electrons (Group 14), it gets four little spots to indicate the val e- around it. The valence electron configuration of Pb is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2, or 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4 electrons per shell. Electron Configuration Chart for All Elements in the Periodic Table. Praseodymium is a soft, silvery, malleable and ductile metal, valued for its magnetic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color. The chemical symbol for Nitrogen is N. Nitrogen is a colourless, odourless unreactive gas that forms about 78% of the earth’s atmosphere. Cadmium is a soft, bluish-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury. The name samarium is after the mineral samarskite from which it was isolated. There are 118 elements in the periodic table. Lead atoms have 82 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.18.4. Full Electron Configuration for Lead. Show transcribed image text. Chemically, indium is similar to gallium and thallium. The chemical symbol for Mendelevium is Md. Electronic Configuration: This problem has been solved! Silicon is a hard and brittle crystalline solid with a blue-grey metallic lustre, it is a tetravalent metalloid and semiconductor. The ground-state electron configuration of "Pb" is: ["Xe"]"4f"^(14)"5d"^(10)"6s"^2"6p"^2 82 electrons (green) bind to the nucleus, successively occupying available electron shells (rings). Lead atoms have 82 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.18.4. Lead has been known since ancient times. These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them. In nuclear industry gadolinium is commonly used as a neutron absorber due to very high neutron absorbtion cross-section of two isotopes 155Gd and 157Gd. Neodymium is not found naturally in metallic form or unmixed with other lanthanides, and it is usually refined for general use. The chemical symbol for Fermium is Fm. Aluminium is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal in the boron group. Gallium does not occur as a free element in nature, but as gallium(III) compounds in trace amounts in zinc ores and in bauxite. and Gay-Lussac, L.-J. What is the difficulty of this problem? The chemical symbol for Palladium is Pd. Liquid nitrogen (made by distilling liquid air) boils at 77.4 kelvins (−195.8°C) and is used as a coolant. The first alloy used on a large scale was bronze, made of tin and copper, from as early as 3000 BC. The valence electron configuration of Pb is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2, or 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4 electrons per shell. Some of these electrons are more tightly bound in the atom than others. It rarely occurs in its elemental state or as pure ore compounds in the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Krypton is Kr. Although neodymium is classed as a rare earth, it is a fairly common element. At 0.099%, phosphorus is the most abundant pnictogen in the Earth’s crust. The chemical symbol for Iodine is I. Iodine is the heaviest of the stable halogens, it exists as a lustrous, purple-black metallic solid at standard conditions that sublimes readily to form a violet gas. In the periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number Z. Neptunium metal is silvery and tarnishes when exposed to air. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth’s crust. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral lead is [Xe].4f 14.5d 10.6s 2.6p 2 and the term symbol of lead is 3 P 0.. Lead: description Your user agent does not support the HTML5 Audio element. The chemical symbol for Dysprosium is Dy. Nobelium is the tenth transuranic element and is the penultimate member of the actinide series. An electron configuration can quickly and simply tell a reader how many electron orbitals an atom has as well as the number of electrons populating each of its orbitals. Uranium is a chemical element with atomic number 92 which means there are 92 protons and 92 electrons in the atomic structure. Sodium is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. For example, silicon has nine possible integer oxidation states from −4 to +4, but only -4, 0 and +4 are common oxidation states. The Romans also used lead for plumbing.The Romans called lead ‘plumbum nigrum’ meaning black lead to differentiate it from ‘plumbum album’ meaning white lead. Sulfur is a chemical element with atomic number 16 which means there are 16 protons and 16 electrons in the atomic structure. The number of electrons in each element’s electron shells, particularly the outermost valence shell, is the primary factor in determining its chemical bonding behavior. Therefore, one of the 4s2 electrons jumps to the 3d9. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. Based from the electron configuration table in the periodic table, Pb has the following electron configuration. Discoverer: Marinsky, Jacob A. and Coryell, Charles D. and Glendenin, Lawerence. © 2019 periodic-table.org / see also Iodine is the least abundant of the stable halogens, being the sixty-first most abundant element. The electron configurations for Cations are also made based on the number of electrons but there is a slight difference in the way they are configured. So, we start by writing the first part of tungsten's electron configuration which is [Xe] Next, we have 74-54=20 more electrons to fill. Tin is a post-transition metal in group 14 of the periodic table. Thus, bismuth would have 5 valence electrons. The following diagram shows the orbitals that are filled when one goes across the periods. Neodymium is a soft silvery metal that tarnishes in air. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden. Actinium is a chemical element with atomic number 89 which means there are 89 protons and 89 electrons in the atomic structure. Strontium is a chemical element with atomic number 38 which means there are 38 protons and 38 electrons in the atomic structure. Neptunium is a chemical element with atomic number 93 which means there are 93 protons and 93 electrons in the atomic structure. [Xe]4f^14\5d^4\6s^2 We first need to find the closest noble gas to tungsten on the periodic table. By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth’s crust; it is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon and the most abundant metal in the crust, though it is less common in the mantle below. Write out the full configuration for lead as follows: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 10 5p 6 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 6p 2.