Guinea grass produces around 1.7-3.1 million seeds/kg (Ecoport, 2009). The big battle for SportPesa brand, Why selling hard work to youth is so difficult, How to effectively drive away your customers, We deserve better than Raila Odinga and Uhuru Kenyatta. Nutritional Value of a Banana Stem (Musa paradisiaca Val) of Anaerobic Fermentation Product Supplemented With Nitrogen, Sulphur and Phosphorus Sources.Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 738-742. Mission. Kindly provide your details to receive the Newvision Newsletter, The writer works with NARO/NaLiRRI, Tororo, Farmers benefit from artificial insemination tech. MAXIMUM BENEFITS. Listed below are some of the popular health benefits of using couch grass. Tag "Elephant grass/Napier grass" Back To Homepage. Only one time investment and benefits continue for 5 years. Napier is also easy to propagate. Napier grass is vulnerable to diseases like Napier stunt and Napier smut diseases. It takes up a lot of nutrients from the soils and is highly demanding on nutrient recycling/fertilizer application. farmradio.org. Napier grass at this stage has relatively high moisture content and this can be reduced by wilting (exposing them to the sun for one to two hours). Flowering – July to October Hybrid Napier Grass. Basic Bana grass facts. by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s chief scientific in-house research agency. Napier grass also produces a sticky substance like gum that traps the stem borers and eventually kills them. Napier grass uses nitrogen supplied by Desmodium and therefore saves farmers on costs on top dressing. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of juice powders from sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck], unshiu mikan (Citrus unshiu Marcow), and mini tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), and their major flavonoids, hesperidin, narirutin, and rutin in tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells. In Pampanga, farmers are planting Napier grass to fuel a revolutionary move towards renewable energy. Height – 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 m) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather. 1. Although Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is not popular in the region, it may have good possibilities under intensive management with high manure input. Napier grass, also known as elephant grass, Uganda grass, or pennisetum purpureum, is a tropical grass native to Africa. •    The reduction in fodder yield forces farmers to buy grass to compensate for declining production or to reduce the number of animals. And the cattle are good health. While wild-growing Napier grass has many benefits, there have been some challenges in using it for fodder and other uses. Morrone was proposed in 2010 as a replacement for Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.        Studies conducted at the National Livestock Resources Research Institute (NaLIRRI) have shown over 90 percent of Napier grass fodder fields in Uganda are affected by this disease. I’m a skeptic by nature, so when I first heard about the benefits of Napier COBN5 ( Napier CO5 ) forage and silage from Rivashaa, I decided to do my tests. It does not grow well in waterlogged areas. It is a good fodder for animal in low budget. Subscribe to our newsletter and stay updated on the latest developments and special offers! He noted that there is no age restriction in planting the Napier grass, as both adult and youth can engage in the production, which is why the grass is being called value chain benefits. Couch grass might work like a water pill and increase the elimination of water from the body. Ouma and South Africa varieties are the best varieties of Napier grass for use in Push-pull because they are resistant to Napier stunt. I ordered some samples and got an analysis of the protein content, crude fiber content and dry matter content of Rivashaa’s products – and I found they were just as good as advertised! The grass is widely used for soil and water conservation in hilly slope areas. The tillers are more numerous and grow faster (See figure 1). Benefits of Brachiaria Grass. Elephant grass is a staple livestock feed. As a vet, I will focus on it because it is a land mark that you can never miss in any livestock farm, just like ugali in any Kenyan home. For instance, unfertilized Guinea grass yields around 7t DM/ha while N-fertilized pastures can yield up to 42t/ha (Hongthong Phimmasan, 2005). I will not dwell on this grass for the above reasons; that can be done well by my agriculturalists friends like Dr Orek Charles, Kelvin Omondo, Mike Mbakaya and Grace Mureithi. The milk has increased by 20% to 30% by feeding the livestock and feeding the livestock with super napier grass than the other grass we have given. It is vulnerable to disease and pest attacks. Lady finger serves many benefits to health and its one of super food which should be consumed by people who suffer from diabetes. The Napier grass, currently being developed under the auspices of Bacolor Mayor Jomar Hizon, was also originally planted for forage, he revealed recently during a meeting with GE. This could be a source of ticks and poisonous plants. The milk has increased by 20% to 30% by feeding the livestock and feeding the livestock with super napier grass than the other grass we have given. While many farm owners and livestock owners are well aware of the benefits of Indian-grown forage and silage like alfalfa, maize, Napier and Super Napier, Hybrid Napier Grass CO5 is a new hybridized grass that offers superior nutrition – for a similar price. This changed the cost of manure application by about Ushs 34,400 per acre per year  Napier grass, elephant grass or Uganda grass is a favourite of many small holder dairy farmers. Between PSC and President, who calls the shots in the Magoha affair? My cow has refused to go for long call, Coast drug addicts decry shortage of rehabs and counselling centers, Governors want wider road to boost business at depot, Coca-Cola tears into Plaintiffs evidence in bad soda case, Probe into death of six Nyeri children yields no suspects. Published on 5 september 2017 In this video i am telling about napier grass. The mean CP content of napier grass in this study is within the ranges reported by Muia et al. … napier grass health benefits. August 29, 2020 Posted by: RSIS Team; Category: Biochemistry, IJRIAS; No Comments . We have our plantation in Gujarat State, India, where we have cultivated our own unique Hybrid Napier Grass CO5. I’m a skeptic by nature, so when I first heard about the benefits of Napier COBN5 ( Napier CO5 ) forage and silage from Rivashaa, I decided to do my tests. The taxon Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Beside the great effects of lady finger in prevent and cure diabetes, it has long list of other benefits. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and semi-intensive dairy cattle and goat production systems to meet the increasing demand for milk and meat. In the US, it is sometimes used as an ornamental plant. Do not plant Napier grass that has stunt disease. Height – 3 to 13 feet (1 to 4 m) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous in cold weather. Its invasive nature also endears it as a good weed control as it can easily outgrow and smother other plants around. All Rights Reserved. A grass fed to cattle throughout much of the tropics may become a biofuel crop that helps the nation meet its future energy needs, according to a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientist. The advantage of Napier grass is that it propagates easily. November 26th 2016 at 11:47:05 GMT +0300. Napier grass is best suited to high rainfall areas, but it is drought-tolerant and can also grow well in drier areas. It can be grown along with fodder trees along field boundaries or along contour lines or terrace risers to help control erosion. What does that mean for Kenya? Disease management has changed quite easily. Some of the medicinal uses of nut grass are described below: 1. You can choose to use napier grass as pasture or conserve it as silage or hay. © 2019 - New Vision. Napier is favoured because it is easy to establish. Due to limited land, farmers tend to search for Napier grass from other places and in the process transport infected plants from one place to another. Guinea grass produces around 1.7-3.1 million seeds/kg (Ecoport, 2009). Napier grass, the nutritious cattle ugali, but is it all your cow needs? Brachiaria is resistant to these diseases. is a fast-growing perennial grass native to Sub-Saharan Africa that is widely grown across the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 1. It is popular as a feed crop for livestock, and is also useful for attracting pest insects away from important food crops, such as maize. Good for Skin care . Pennisetum species is a tall perennial plant, growing to 2 – 6mts tall, rarely up to 7.5 mt. It is also a natural remedy for kidney stones conditions as well as kidney infection. I It is forage for napier grass once harvest and without additional fertilization. •    Movement of infected planting materials by farmers Effect of the disease on fodder and animal production and household income, •    The total herbage yield of Napier grass is reduced by over 80%. Name – Pennisetum purpureum x americanum Family – Poaceae Type – grass. The biomass operations team operate 24 hours a day and are responsible for delivering 25 tonnes of biomass per hour to the factory. Bana grass is a particular variety of Pennisetum. She said this plant was once very popular and widely sought after in Taiwan. Napier grass is one of the neglected lignocellulosic material with high biomass yield compared to other energy grasses such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, typically in the range of 25–35 oven dry tonnes per hectare annually, which corresponds to 100 barrels of oil energy equivalent per hectare. Figure – 1 . ), also known as ele- phant grass and Merker grass, is a rank-growing perennial which is being used extensively for rotational pastures, as silage, and as a soil-improving crop, in Florida, Hawaii (iO, 11),^ Trinidad (5, 9), and other tropical and semitropical regions. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. For instance, unfertilized Guinea grass yields around 7t DM/ha while N-fertilized pastures can yield up to 42t/ha (Hongthong Phimmasan, 2005). Leaving napier in the field reduces its utility as it greatly lowers its nutrition level. By Dr. Jolly Kabirizi    Do not plant Napier grass that has stunt disease. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and … It has so many tillering ability. It has a soft stem that is easy to cut. Napier grass possesses many desirable characteristics, including high yield per unit area, tolerance to intermittent drought and high water use efficiency [ 2 ], making it a forage of choice. And the cattle are good health. To personalise content, tailor ads and provide best user experience, we use cookies. Harvest the grass when it is young before it becomes fibrous and the stem unpalatable. Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) can be selected as a primary livestock feed in small to medium scale goat farm.Because farms are limited, typical graze land is 0.5 to 2.0 hectares. Disease management has changed quite easily. How to cite this article: Ana Rochana, Tidi Dhalika, Atun Budiman and Kurnia A. Kamil, 2017. Applying manure to the fodder fields reduces disease incidence by over 40% Brachiaria grass produces a lot of forage yearly. Major methods of spreading Napier stunt disease on-farm are: An orthogonal experiment (form L 16 (4 5)) was used to investigate how the soil nematode community (density, diversity, and faunal structure) and soil health were affected by hybrid napiergrass management. This is where you harvest the grass and feed it to livestock. Brachiaria is resistant to these diseases. And the quality of milk has increased. is a major tropical grass.It is one of the highest yielding tropical grasses. Adding molasses during ensiling improves fermentation process and makes it a delicacy to livestock. If you choose to let animals graze on it directly from the field do it in a rotational manner— bring in animals after three months and then give the grass about a month to sprout thereafter. Planting Napier grass • Select healthy Napier grass for planting. Couch grass has been used for thousands of years now to treat inflamed bladder, water retention, uterine infection, urination that is painful to pass. When the eggs hatch and the small larvae bore into Napier grass/Bracharia grass stems, the plant produces a sticky substance like glue which traps them, and they die. August 29, 2020 Posted by: RSIS Team; Category: Biochemistry, IJRIAS; No Comments . In addition to be used as a trap plant in the push-pull technology, Napier grass is the most important fodder crop in smallholder dairy production systems in East Africa, characterized by small zero grazing units. used to pay the loan (prime pat + interest) incur red in buying the tractor (120 Hp). Napier grass {Pennisetum purpureum Schum. Name – Pennisetum purpureum x americanum Family – Poaceae Type – grass. (11) Toxicity • Report of fatal nitrate poisonings in cattle fed solely on a diet of Napier grass. I ordered some samples and got an analysis of the protein content, crude fiber content and dry matter content of Rivashaa’s products – and I found they were just as good as advertised! Brachiaria grass does not take up lots of nutrients from the soil. Animals can be confined and cut-and-carry of forage mechanism can help goat farmers maximize their lot. Stabilize blood sugar and prevent diabetes . The writer is a veterinary surgeon working with Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council –KENTTEC, What's in a name? The writer works with NARO/NaLiRRI, Tororo, Former Makindye East MP to seek court injunction. •    Ignorance on symptoms and mode of transmission There are many good benefits like this. While many farm owners and livestock owners are well aware of the benefits of Indian-grown forage and silage like alfalfa, maize, Napier and Super Napier, Hybrid Napier Grass CO5 is a new hybridized grass that offers superior nutrition – for a similar price. Harvest the grass by cutting at five metres above the ground for good re-growth. Its nutritive value can however vary depending on a number of factors key among them how it is cared for in the field, how it is prepared on farm or how it is conserved. The napier grass then enters the mill (the same as with sugarcane) where it is shredded in preparation for the boilers. Napier grass is one of the most important forages used by more than 90% of small-scale farmers as fodder for their cows, sheep and goats. •    Many smallholder dairy farmers struggle to make up for the lost biomass due to the disease by stepping up feed supplementation resulting into an increase in cost of supplements per day by 200 per cent. Health benefits of Nut Grass. Additionally, the grass can be used as a hedge around maize plantation and it will serve as a wind breaker. •    Use recommended agronomic practice (spacing; fertilizer application; proper cutting intervals and cutting heights). They can tell you more about the Napier smut and stunt diseases. farmradio.org. Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) It is a very versatile species that can be grown under a wide range of conditions and systems: dry or wet conditions, smallholder or larger scale agriculture. The benefits of yield increase will be . How to Plant Napier Grass. This plant has been used in the treatment and prevention of many ailments. •    While a healthy acre of Napier grass fodder when properly supplemented should provide feed to sustain one mature cow and its calf for about six months, fields affected by the disease may support the same animal for less than 3 months, greatly reducing milk yields and household income. With the expansion of Napier grass crop, however, has come a new disease called 'Napier Stunt' also known as kugengewala. Palatability is further enhanced by chopping the foliage and stem either manually using a machete or a chuff cutter. Affected Napier grass plants remain stunted, have short internodes, bunchy appearance and produce very low fodder yields. The major threat to adoption and expansion of the push-pull technology, and to the smallholder dairy industry, is the stunt disease of Napier grass . Napier can also be made into good quality silage and sometimes hay. The disease was first observed on farmers’ fields in Masaka district in 2000. Benefits of Brachiaria Grass. There are several reasons for this — the grass grows relatively fast and can give “elephant” feeds after just three months. Thus, nepier grass is more suitable for large ruminants such as cow. It has good dry matter content in addition to other nutrients like proteins. It is also … Eventually the stool may be completely destroyed. The present study aimed to evaluate nutritive value and fermentative quality of silages made of either chopped or unchopped Napier grass harvested at different growth stages, and effects on intake and blood composition of cattle. Ouma and South Africa varieties are the best varieties of Napier grass for use in Push-pull because they are resistant to Napier stunt. Hybrid napier grass has been developed as an end result of hybridization between pennisetum americanum, pennisetum purpuperum bajra and pure napier. Dr Othieno Joseph | This review summarizes the literature highlighting the significance of forage crops, the current improvements and some of future directions for improving yield and nutritional quality. The yields depend on the cultivar and fertilizer application. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and semi-intensive dairy cattle and goat production systems to meet the increasing demand for milk and meat. To obtain satisfactory results this grass should not be fed alone but with legumes, concentrate or oil cakes. •    The institute is producing hay on commercial basis for sale to farmers. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) The push-pull technology also has significant benefits for dairy farming, since desmodium and Napier grass are both high quality animal fodder plants. Causes and spread of Napier stunt disease, The disease is caused by phytoplasma, microscopic bacteria found in phloem cells of plants and transmitted mainly by insect vectors (leaf and plant hoppers,”:amayanzi”) when they feed on infected plants. Napier grass produces significantly higher levels of attractive volatile compounds (green leaf volatiles), cues used by gravid stemborer females to locate host plants, than maize or sorghum. But it's too soon to know if this causes side effects such as low potassium levels. Napier grass can be propagated from cuttings or from root slips. An orthogonal experiment (form L16(45)) was used to investigate how the soil nematode community (density, diversity, and faunal structure) and soil he… Napier stunt disease management, •    Uproot and burn diseased plants Napier grass produces significantly higher levels of attractive volatile compounds (green leaf volatiles), cues used by gravid stemborer females to locate host plants, than maize or sorghum. For instance, if napier grass is harvested at 3.5 m height, the yield may be a little more but the fodder may be of little value to an animal nutrition because it does not constitute a maintenance ration and thus the very purpose of green fodder production is defated. Unfortunately, Napier grass is a heavy feeder with a very high water intake. Native to tropical Africa, napier grass grows as a perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, typically reaching 3 to 4 feet tall. farmradio.org. Factbox: The U.S. presidential election explained in 10 numbers, Dairy farmers decry cost of feeds, milk production costs have hiked, Dairy farmers from Kitiri, Nyandarua learn how a new milk trace ability system helps improve quality, My cow has developed habit of ‘hiding’ milk, Kisumu to build dairy farm to boost milk production, Dairy farmers in Nandi earn Sh 800 million in milk deliveries, Help! •    Farmers have raised the quantities of manure applied per acre by one tone. Napier grass has been identified as an important tool in the integrated management of stem borers of maize and sorghum due to its importance as a trap crop for these pests. Soil health benefits from an optimal combination of fertilization, irrigation and cutting. When combined with Desmodium it is an effective biological control agent for the African Maize stem borer through the push and pull technology. Napier grass is planted in marginal lands and slopes to increase soil fertility and to reduce soil erosion. •    Farmers are advised to contact their extension staff or NaLIRRI researchers Le napier produit aussi une matière gluante comme du chewing-gum qui prend au piège les foreurs des tiges et qui éventuellement les tue. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. Abstract. It is an environmentally friendly and renewable source, with high biomass production at about 40 tons/hectare/year, and harvested 4 to 6 times per year. By Napier grass/Bracharia grass is more attractive to stemborer moths than maize and it 'pulls' the moths to lay their eggs on it. This is more so when you are in a zero grazing arrangement. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. Napier grass has the ability to withstand drought conditions, this coupled with dwindling land size for small dairy holders has made it a preferred choice. Compared to Napier grass, Hybrid Napier produces numerous leaves. Any time after this the fibre content goes high and digestibility is low. The stems are also less fibrous than Napier. It was even made into commercial skin caring juice, with advertisement claiming its effect in treating acne problems. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. Figure – 2 . Guinea grass yields an average of 30 t DM/ha/year (Cook et al., 2005). This review summarizes the literature highlighting the significance of forage crops, the current improvements and some of future directions for improving yield and nutritional quality. Napier grass can withstand heavy grazing, but this must be compensated with good weeding, irrigation during dry seasons and application of nitrogenous fertilisers. And the quality of milk has increased. Government ready to improve the quality of... Cwinya-ai wins Kitante Open as Oche leads pros contest, Rugumayo confident of wrapping up TML Golf Series at Kitante, Rugumayo eyes professional move after winning Uganda Open. The yellowing should not be confused with yellowing due to poor soils. This is mainly because Napier is a fast growing grass that can grow up to 4 metres tall. The push–pull effect is established by exploiting semiochemicals to repel insect pests from the crop (‘push’) and to attract them into trap crops (‘pull’) e.g. Check below explanation to know further. It is also the main source for paper production in mnay regions. napier grass health benefits. Fights against Poisonous Toxins Adsorbent Material from Grafting Polymethylacrylate unto Methylcellulose from Elephant (Napier) Grass Cellulose. 1. •    Poor agronomic practices Napier grass possesses many desirable characteristics, including high yield per unit area, tolerance to intermittent drought and high water use efficiency [ 2 ], making it a forage of choice. If you want to make silage from napier grass it is advised that you harvest when they are two months old or one month re-growth. Pennisetum species is a tall perennial plant, growing to 2 – 6mts tall, rarely up to 7.5 mt. • Effect of Induced Oxalate Toxicity of Buffalo Calves from Feeding on Napier Grass: Study evaluated the effect of oxalate toxicity on health of male buffalo calves from experimentally induced ad libitum feeding of overgrown Napier grass with deprivation of water. Beside the great effects of lady finger in prevent and cure diabetes, it has long list of other benefits. This will ensure your dairy cows always have a ready feed. The productivity of elephant grass is also high. We have our plantation in Gujarat State, India, where we have cultivated our own unique Hybrid Napier Grass CO5. Napier grass is vulnerable to diseases like Napier stunt and Napier smut diseases. It is however recommended that for maximum use, the cut and carry method is better. However, the most affected districts are those located around Lake Victoria Crescent areas where zero grazing dairy cattle production is a major enterprise. Napier stunt disease This process improves digestibility. Napier is not suitable for direct grazing since stumping results in poor regeneration. Despite being some of the most important crops globally, there has been limited research on forages when compared with cereals, fruits, and vegetables. Its amazing growth power makes it suitable for many purposes, from tall grass hedge to fuel and fodder. Basic Bana grass facts. Flowering – July to October It is better to conserve napier this way rather than leaving it to overgrow in the field like many farmers do as they wait to use it during dry seasons. Explainer: Why recounts rarely change the results of U.S. elections. By using our site, you agree to use our cookies. Moreover, because both plants are perennial, push–pull conserves the soil’s moisture and improves its health. There are many good benefits like this. Hybid napier is a bait plant with a life of 2-3 years. - Biomass: Grass has low water and nutrient requirements. Planting Napier grass • Select healthy Napier grass for planting. Later, I did some research and discovered the English common name for … Leaves of some affected plants begin to dry at the edges and have a ‘torn’ appearance. Cultivation of Napier grass follows conventional farming practices. 13-jul-2020 - Pennisetum purpureum cultivars and hybrids (Elephant grass / Napier grass) are originally from the tropical grasslands of Africa.