... Albino white. 0000003301 00000 n More. Tabby cats are striped due to the agouti gene. The following statements are generally true – but there are exceptions. This is recessive, and has been... 3. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000007554 00000 n Non-agouti, aa, cats are solid (self) in color. This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac and cream colours. Melanin is deposited in the... 2. 0000001176 00000 n 0000033448 00000 n To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. Liver The B series. The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. %%EOF E: Brown: B > b > b l: Brown variants have reduced eumelanin and appear brownish in color. x�b```"Yv>Ad`B��F��lx��8~�a`0�����,C�UA�,�A59sv[{$��Y�m�&,V�XW���\�5�k���vI�=�ʬS��*oe�%�.�~l���ۄCI疜��~f@&���[���. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. When both are affected, the statement will contain the term COLOR/PATTERN. A ticked tabby must have a ticked tabby parent. 0000000716 00000 n “The Genes of Cats” in The Book of The Cat, Summit Books, New York, l980. Understanding cat color genetics is one of the more fascinating aspects of cat breeding. “Feline Genetics” in Feline Domesticus – Manual of Feline Health l982-l983, Cornell University, Judith Kinnear, PhD., Page 121. The most common colors for cat fur are black, white, brown and red / ginger / orange. Two longhair parents cannot produce a shorthair kitten. Both of the cats above have the same major allele – O – which is responsible for their red coats. There are currently four known alleles of the C locus in cats C, c s, c b, and c, with c being the most recessive and C being dominant. Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. The color/patterns found in the pedigree of a kitten will NOT always directly affect the color/pattern of the kitten. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … Dilution (blue and isabella) The D series. 0000003663 00000 n A shaded parent can produce a smoke offspring, but a non-shaded (smoke) parent cannot produce a shaded offspring unless bred to a shaded (see #21). A: Agouti vs. non-agouti. cannot skip generations. An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. Eye colours Brown, amber and blue. 2. In general, Maine Coon genetics lead to large, sturdy cats with tufted ears and broad chests. Some info about the genetics behind it too! This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. A cat with a white undercoat (smoke or shaded) must have a parent that has a white undercoat (see #21). The body is warmer, and stays a lighter color. A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). Genes for modification of the basic colours, including Brown (Locus B), Dilution (Locus D), and also Dilute-Modifier and Silver. Tabby patterns are difficult to identify. The characteristic cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next without showing that characteristic in each generation. A short video explaining some of the genetics of cat coat colour. Smoked cats are produced by color inhibiting genes and is when a seemingly solid colored cat actually has banded hairs. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. This is my original calculator. Every cell in the body contains the same genetic information. For example, if your results show that your dog is a Type VI , your dog is a yellow dog with a black nose carrying the hidden genes for black and chocolate. “In cats, the red and black … A shaded cat must have at least one parent that is a shaded (see #21). See more ideas about Cats, Beautiful cats, Cats and kittens. Jul 19, 2015 - COLOUR AND PATTERN CHARTS for every cat color in existence. Only the immediate parents determine the color/pattern of a kitten. A cat can carry Chocolate or Cinnamon and not exhibit the color so it is important to know a breeding cats genetics. Ticking and Tabby Patterns. A cat displaying a dominant color (black, red, tortie, etc.) The gene is recessive to the full-colour C gene, which means the cat needs two copies (homozygous) for the Siamese colour to show up. 0000001925 00000 n Interestingly, white kittens may have a small spot of color on top of their heads when born. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or cream color/patterns PLUS the dam must in some form demonstrate red or cream (see #21). These are the genes that modify the colours d… <<8E90A8905EAD1E46B300A443B0D66E59>]>> Two recessive color parents (cream, blue, etc.) Summary of series List of alleles for reference. The Cat Fanciers’ Association, Inc.260 East Main Street, Alliance, OH  44601Phone: (330) 680-4070   /    Fax: (330) 680-4633. Whether or not a red can produce as a tabby will depend on whether it is a true tabby with a tabby or shaded parent or whether it is a red with ghost tabby markings and neither a tabby nor a shaded parent. For further information on feline genetics, we recommend the following: The information contained on this page is also available in a PDF format of our printed pamphlet. Color Point and Albino Color Point dilutions and Albino are the result of mutations at the "C" locus that codes for the enzyme Tyrosinase. Please free to start testing! 0000000016 00000 n The majority of calico cats are female because of genetics. A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. In genetics, feline cat colours and patterns that appear as the lighter version of primary or dominant colours are called the dilution genes. Female kittens take one color gene from each parent. Genome: The entire genetic information of one cell. 0000001306 00000 n 0000001500 00000 n 88 0 obj <> endobj A silver tabby must have at least one silver tabby, shaded or smoke parent (see #13). If two cats are bred that carry for Chocolate, there is a chance of the kittens being Chocolate. White fur is the absence of any pigmentation. The colors in hair, skin, and eyes are caused by the presence of melanin. The male offspring in a litter will always be either the color of the dam (or one of the colors in the case of parti-colors) or the dilute form of the dam’s color. Some genes are simplified and it does not give percentage changes, but it should be easy to use even if you know very little about genetics. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). See the statement on dilutes for more information (see #21 & #24). The effect of polygenes is cumulative on coat color genetics. 0000002547 00000 n advanced cat coat calculator. This information is not meant to be a complete manual on cat genetics. Two colorpointed parents cannot produce a non-colorpointed offspring. The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! 5. Breeding Punnet squares and a big Labrador case study. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. Chromosome: A DNA molecules which carries a part (or all) of the genetic material in a cell. The cat coat colour, eye, and skin colour is a result of present pigments. Their stripes have an even distribution of pigment, while the background is made up of banded hairs. Cat Coat Colour Genetics Cats also come in gray / blue, chocolate, cinnamon, lilac, cream / buff, and fawn. When the term COLOR is used, it refers to color only (blue, cream, black, red, etc.). 0 108 0 obj <>stream Color DNA Calculator. 0000004674 00000 n 0000007368 00000 n The chocolate or lilac gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce chocolate or lilac offspring. 88 21 Breeds, "Purebred," and Pedigree. Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. Genetics for solid white cats can affect the possible color/pattern of expected kittens in that the white parent may be masking the color/pattern needed to produce this result. Also, if a breeder isn’t too sure of genetics and wants to breed for certain color(s), this should help plan out breedings. 0000002271 00000 n A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. GENETICS. Cats come in an array of gorgeous colors and patterns. This gene controls the coat’s "ticking," or banding of colors on a cat’s fur. A dominant characteristic (all dominant colors and patterns such as shaded, smoke, white, tabby, bi-color, etc.) The color of the female kittens in a litter will always be either a combination of the sire’s and dam’s colors, or the dilute form of those colors (see #21 & #24). Basic genetics terms Genes, locii etc. Genes for basic colours, including Colorpoint (Locus C), Agouti (Locus A), Orange (Locus O) and Locus E. These are the genes that make the pigments that give the basic colours to the cat. hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. Note that Manx and Munchkin are treated as homozygous lethal and polydactyly is treated as having complete penetrance. B: Colorpoint Restriction: C > c b = c s > c A bi-color must have a bi-color parent (see #21). Welcome to the first DNA calculator that is combined with actual dogs and filters. A (non-silver) tabby must have at least one parent that is either a shaded or a tabby. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. In order for a cat to be solid black, both of its parents need to have the black color gene The color gene — called an allele — for black is known as B. must have a parent which displays a dominant color (see #21). Cats have 38 chromosomes in each cell, while we have 46. Nose colours From black to pink and everything inbetween. This color should be noted as it is the color that the white is masking and the color that the cat will breed as when an adult. Kittens are born blind. Male kittens always obtain both color genes from the dam. While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. There are currently over 70 breeds of cats recognized by one cat … Pointed cats have a special “Siamese” gene that limits the color to certain areas. The dilute gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce a dilute offspring. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. 0000001095 00000 n … White Cats. ♦  Learn more♦  View the gallery♦ Order merchandise. When PATTERN is used, it refers to pattern only (tabby, shaded, smoke, etc.). Tabby cats usually show the following traits: Entries in the table show the probabilities of producing various coat colors within a litter. endstream endobj 89 0 obj <> endobj 90 0 obj <> endobj 91 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 92 0 obj <> endobj 93 0 obj <> endobj 94 0 obj [/ICCBased 103 0 R] endobj 95 0 obj [/Indexed 94 0 R 255 104 0 R] endobj 96 0 obj <> endobj 97 0 obj <> endobj 98 0 obj <>stream 4. For more information, please refer to books on the subject. The colors Chocolate and Cinnamon are recessive colors that exist in the breed. There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1. Pigment production is reduced in warmer areas of the body, leading to darker pigmentation in the cat's cooler extremities (paws, ears, etc.) 0000003902 00000 n b/b and b/b l are chocolate, b l /b l are cinnamon (red). Pigmentation. CONTACT. The Absolute Basic Idea of Color Genetics . Siamese cats carry the Himalayan gene, which is a mutation at the C locus (a fixed position on a chromosome where a particular gene is located), causing partial albinism on warmer parts of the body. The genetics of cat coat coloration, pattern, length, and texture is a complex subject, and many different genes are involved. Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor    Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show      Find a BreederFind a VendorSign in to eCat      Shop. There are 2 late colour change genes that result in additional self colours: amber (Norwegian Forest Cats) and Russet (Burmese). Want to see what two potential cats can produce, use this online coat colour calculator! cat coat calculator (original ver.) The masked color/pattern must be determined, based on the white’s pedigree and the offspring produced in a controlled breeding, in order to effectively predict the color/pattern of the expected offspring. Where the color appears is the coolest part of the cat, that is the head, paws and tail. These more unusual colors are genetically recessive or diluted versions of the darker colors. Cat eyes can come in a variety of colors. As a cat gets older, the blood flow to the body will decrease causing it to cool somewhat. The genetics involved in producing the ideal tabby, tipped, shaded, or smoke cat is complex. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. When the cat’s hair is parted, you’re able to see the unique smokey-looking color. These cats have the genes for both black and red color as well as the white spotting gene. Other self white cats are the result of extreme expression of the white spotting gene discussed later. The cat may be genetically black, genetically cream etc, but the presence of the white gene obscures the colour. Two classic tabby parents cannot produce a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby kitten. Two main pigments responsible for the coat colour and eumelanin, which is seen as a black or intense brown pigmentation, and phaeomelanin, recognised a red-yellow pigmentation. This Calculator also will help to educate new breeders how to work with DNA. cannot produce an offspring of a dominant color (black, red, etc.). xref To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). 6. A: Amber: E, e: Gradual replacement of eumelanin with phaeomelanin, in Norwegian Forest cats. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. The mating of a colorpointed cat and a cat with no colorpointed background will produce NO colorpointed offspring. When you take away all the fancy modifications, additions, dilutions, etc of cat genetics, you will discover that really, there are only 2 genes for color. The genetics of every cat breed leads to their own distinctive physical characteristics, and Maine Coon genetics are no different. 0000002235 00000 n The color point mutations are c s and c b. The same white spotting gene can also contribute to the unique patched coat of calico cats. Furthermore, these genes are located on the arm of the X chromosome only, and are not present on theY chromosome. Polygenes are genes that each have a small quantitative effect on major genes and the way the cat looks. Aug 28, 2020 - Explore Daphne Headley's board "Cats: Cat Color Genetics", followed by 310 people on Pinterest. One notable exception is the colorpoint gene, which can carry through a number of generations (see #21 & #24). Join us at Companion Cat World and get a membership card, savings, and fun events! 0000002624 00000 n A red tabby that is not a true tabby cannot produce a tabby offspring of any other color without being bred to a true tabby or a shaded. Not only are there many interacting genes, but genes sometimes do not express themselves fully, or conflict with one another. The inner rings show the hidden color genes carried by the dog. 0000002317 00000 n CAT COLOR GENETICS 1. trailer Genetics impact everything from a cat’s temperament to their size, colors, and other physical characteristics. All red cats will have some tabby markings. @Fyy��� P��� �r�bw0��p��X�_k��+�����ϰ���GC�gjHd�deb�`��� �hF���'��'22�o4d�r��uTt����7�o~vT��+4X���db[ g`ٺH3�w� !h 0000004449 00000 n startxref If the dominant allele C is present no dilution will express. Brown, chocolate, cinnamon and similar coat colors are products of the feline primary gene for coat … If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. © 1995-2020 The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. “Feline Genetics” in A Standard Guide to Cat Breeds, McGraw Hill, New York, l979. 0000027544 00000 n Parti-color cats (blue-cream, tortie, calico) are almost always female, but males can and do occur occasionally (and are not always sterile). This DNA calculator was created to combine breeders all over the world and make the search for the perfect puppies much easier. Software such as Breeders Assistant for Cats can help by taking the legwork out of working out the color …