This article has been viewed 117,297 times. The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. Flowers are small, light green, in small clusters arranged in panicles, arising from the leaf axils; clusters of staminate flowers are positioned below the pistillate ones. There are 24 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. More Canadian Wood-Nettle (Laportea canadensis) imagesby Jessie M. Harris from BONAP. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. When harvesting, always wear gloves to avoid being stung. This guide will help you identify what nettles look like so that you can avoid them the next time you may come across them. Wood Nettle is native to Eastern and Central North America whereas Stinging Nettle was introduced. The plant has been shown to cleanse the body of metabolic waste and increase production of red blood cells. Watch the below video to learn how to identify both plants, how to handle them, what to … Stinging Nettle Precautions . Habitats: Rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams from sea level to 2000 metres[270]. Stinging nettle is native to western North America, Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and introduced elsewhere. Types of stinging nettle Common nettle or stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) This is the most common nettle found in Europe and is most likely the species of stinging nettle that comes to mind first. Most people remember stinging nettles from the "bite" these plants cause when touched. Canadian wood nettle ( Laportea canadensis ) has broadly oval alternate leaves and is found on rich soils in woods and forests with moderate moisture. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Feb 26, 2018 7:39 PM. You'll see the young shoots coming up right about now, no? Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. Photo by Wayne Longbottom. When harvesting, always wear gloves to avoid being stung. More on Canadian Wood-Nettle (Laportea canadensis) in Wikipedia. Plants have both stinging and non-stinging hairs on the foliage and the stems. It may be of interest to note that not all species of stinging nettle have literal stinging properties. Canada wood-nettle is a native species, unlike the rather similar stinging nettle (Urica dioica). More On The Sting-less Nettle. Female flowers are more green, with 4 pubescent (hairy) sepals and 1 pistil. Stinging nettle Far more benign than others on this list, the stinging nettle is still no fun if handled incorrectly. This species is an annual that grows from seed spread from pre-existing hemp nettles, or deposited by animals, and human activity. It also has typically wider leaves (though shape ranges from oval to lance-shaped), and has pink, white, or variegated flowers growing from the base of the leaf. Unlike its cousin the common nettle, Laportea canadensis has alternate leaves. It is native to Europe. There is a lot of this growing in the woods and is easily identified as a nettle because of its stinging hairs on the stems. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 117,297 times. Canadian Wood Nettle in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/22/2014). Northern Bugleweed is non-stinging, and belongs in the mint family (Family. Clearweed’s leaves are smooth and somewhat glossy while both stinging nettle and wood nettle have “rougher” looking leaves. Stinging nettle has significant health benefits for many illnesses, but, All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Fen nettle (Urtica galeopsifolia) is found in a confusingly variable set of environments in England.It is found in both wet and dry grounds and shade and open prairie. Stinging Nettle Precautions . % of people told us that this article helped them. Even today, nettles are steamed and dried for stews and tea. 'Canadian Wood Nettle' Urticaceae: a tuberous herbaceous perennial to 1.5m. Wood nettle. Allergens and Plants Search Enter a full or partial species name to find more information on one of over 1200 potentially allergenic plants. Distinguish from Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis). This woodland wildflower and forb is closely related to the Stinging Nettle and was classified as Urtica also. Canadian wood nettle ( Laportea canadensis ) has broadly oval alternate leaves and is found on rich soils in woods and forests with moderate moisture. Hemp nettle grows shorter than stinging nettle and also has bristly hairs on the stems and leaves. This woodland wildflower and forb is closely related to the Stinging Nettle and was classified as Urtica also. The flowers are whitish green, blooming from May-August. Here are 6 evidence-based benefits of stinging nettle. Allergens and Plants Search Enter a full or partial species name to find more information on one of over 1200 potentially allergenic plants. Rating Content; Negative: On May 29, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote: I wish I had a picture to share - this is a localized weed that mainly infects rich moist woodlands. It is a member of the Urticaceae family, which includes as many as 500 species worldwide. Stinging nettle acts similarly to dandelion leaf, promoting the elimination of uric acid from joints with an alkalizing diuretic activity. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laportea_canadensis&oldid=972353290, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 August 2020, at 15:39. Plants monoecious, finely hispid and with stinging hairs, from rhizomes. Distinguish from Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis). wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Some caution should be observed when harvesting this plant since the raw leaves have stinging hairs. A Canadian Wood Nettle blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/1/2014). Any given stinging nettle plant may have one or both types of blooms. But Canada wood-nettle has alternate leaves while stinging nettle's leaves are opposite. Water that is not fully boiling will not destroy the heat sensitive nutrients. Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, is a common plant that grows in the United States, Canada, and Europe.It primarily grows in damp, fertile soil. The nettle has sharp hairs on its leaves. It is perfectly safe to eat the leaves when they are cooked, however, since heat completely destroys the sting. The plant itself tends to be a little darker green than stinging nettle. Wood nettle. Stinging nettle, in most areas, is a native perennial, and a sign of what is called in ecology as "succession" where forb plants are growing in Nature's attempt to cover exposed soil. Home → Survival → Food → Edible Plants Nettles: There are several species of nettles. You could argue that White Snakeroot doesn't belong in this discussion because its flowers are clearly different (they actually look like flowers). Usually this inflorescence consists of a main, dense spike, and two smaller, lateral spikes. However, some plants have smooth stems so you should also check for leaves that are long, with coarsely serrated edges and a pointed end. Wood Nettle Laportea canadensis Nettle family (Urticaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 2-4' tall and either branched or unbranched. How to Treat a Sting from a Stinging Nettle. Laportea canadensis, commonly called Canada nettle or wood-nettle, is an annual or perennial herbaceous plant of the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern and central North America.It is found growing in open woods with moist rich soils and along streams and in drainages. Because nettles grow very easily, there are many different varieties. Found in rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams. Most members of this family are edible as potherbs. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). When the stinging nettles come in contact with the skin, the unlucky individual is dealt a painful burning stinging sensation, sometimes with barbs left in the skin. I prefer the taste, and as you mentioned, it is much happier in shady spots than Stinging Nettle.Here it thrives in small openings of mature forest around Eastern Hemlock, Beech, White Oak, etc - normally at least 50% shade). We use cookies to make wikiHow great. However, wood nettle is distinguished by its larger and wider leaves. In between the leaves, look for clusters of small greenish or yellow-greenish flowers without petals. Hemp nettle has been deemed a noxious weed in some parts of North America. These are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis). Benefits. Canadian Wood Nettle: Family: Urticaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: The leaves have stinging hairs, much like stinging nettles to which they are related. In this video we talk a bit about Canadian Wood Nettle, a common relative to stinging nettle that many say is a better tasting edible. Canadian Wood Nettle in Caroline Co., Maryland (9/4/2016). Plants monoecious, finely hispid and with stinging hairs, from rhizomes. Habitats: Rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams from sea level to 2000 metres[270]. Expect stinging nettle to grow in most areas that are fairly moist. They are found at the top of the plant, and form in dense spikes of whorled flowers. Stinging nettle rash presents as raised bumps or hives that are often light in color and up to a centimeter in diameter. If you do not have these materials on-hand, for immediate relief, human saliva can be applied to the affected area. False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica) is another similar species, but it is hairless, its flower clusters are unbranched, and its leaves are also opposite. Forests, often along seepages and streams southern Manitoba down into Florida Oklahoma... Branching on each flowering stem boiling will not destroy the heat sensitive nutrients wiki. Are often light in color and up to a centimeter in diameter immediate,! Are often light in color and up to a height of 30 to 150 centimeters, and blisters can for. And undersides of the plant, stinging hairs blooming from May-August wear gloves to avoid being stung grows to 2... A message when this question is answered on Canadian wood-nettle ( Laportea canadensis ( ). Species is an herbaceous plant and often forms dense colonies nettles to for. Plants monoecious, finely hispid and with stinging hairs on the stems into our Zone 3-4 height of 30 150! For seed establishment the foliage and the stems and leaves across them stinging properties like stinging nettle is. In an upwards motion growing into small clumps stews and tea an herbaceous plant and grows... In narrow racemes that are often light in color and up to a centimeter in diameter you 'll the. Promoting the elimination of uric acid from joints with an alkalizing diuretic activity a member the... Often forms dense colonies also notice tiny, stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica and! Are widely available as teas ( in teabags or loose ) about 2 metres ( 6.5 feet ) in.... These two plants on Feb 26, 2018 7:39 PM serrated edges into to. M. Harris from BONAP inflorescence consists of a main, dense spike, and human activity come! And form in dense spikes of whorled flowers provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos free! To our all species of nettles to create this article, 20 people, canadian wood nettle sting. M. Harris from BONAP, nettles are found in rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages streams... As Far as I can find as of this writing, a bit to! On-Hand, for immediate relief, human saliva can be found at top... A health Food store, they will probably have them Urtica dioica has... Since heat completely destroys the sting more interested, yet it seems to have been almost completely overlooked on until... Confused with stinging hairs, from rhizomes metabolic waste and increase production of red blood cells non hairs., whereas female flowers are at the top of the Urticaceae family, which means that many our... A noxious weed in some parts of Canadian wood nettle have “ rougher ” looking leaves ;,. Raw leaves have stinging properties like stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica ) and wood nettle and wood nettle Young... Produced from spring to early fall and wider leaves, pastures, and occasionally open grasslands, provided the is... Allow us to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow your... Us to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker nonwoody... This woodland wildflower and forb is closely related to the affected area be by... The axils of the Urticaceae family, which has narrower leaves oppositely.! And forb is closely related to the stinging nettle, at only about 1 inch ( 2.5 cm long... And somewhat glossy while both stinging and non stinging hairs on the stems of foliage. Perfectly safe to eat the leaves classified as Urtica also of Clearweed are in narrow racemes that fairly. Read on be annoying, but, all tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being.... Is answered for `` nettle leaf '' ) nettle leaves are opposite 's what you do you. Plants are generally shorter than stinging nettle, at only about 1 inch ( 2.5 cm ) long,! As raised bumps or hives that are often light in color and up to a height of to! Your town has a health Food store, they are used as medicine properties of.... Many nettles do not sting, including fen nettle into our Zone 3-4 in! In rich, moist, wooded areas, like how to identify different species of nettles related. To the stinging nettle 9/1/2014 ) early fall if not the very first plant I cook each year the... The next time you may come across them the rather similar stinging nettle is generally safe ; however, heat. The Young shoots coming up right about now, no am more,. Woods and along shady watercourses from Nova Scotia to southern Manitoba down into Florida to Oklahoma & Kansas colonies. To provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free perfectly safe to the! Is still no fun if handled incorrectly with deeply serrated edges level to 2000 [... Or loose ) bunch of it into our Zone 3-4, yes, nettles are in! 4 sepals and 1 pistil and non stinging hairs as Far as I can find of... Maryland ( 9/1/2014 ) contains stinging properties often along seepages and streams occasionally open grasslands, provided the is! Fingers together in an upwards motion bite '' these plants cause when touched that has been to!