Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, the LORD will be with you. : With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. a. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. This refers to the third day of the feast. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, : Jonathan knew he might never see David again. "[5] This is totally in error. Despite Saul’s intentions, David would not die at the hands of Saul or any other enemy. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. This final meeting of David and Jonathan is sad indeed. Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. Jonathan would take target practice and where he shot the arrows would tell David the answer. For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. 66ff. Jonathan had a noble commitment to David as a friend. 1. SAUL DEMANDS A REASON FOR DAVID'S ABSENCE, "Yet Saul did not say anything that day; for he thought, "Something has befallen him; he is not clean, surely he is not clean. i. Meyer on the son of Jesse: “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Man proposes, but God disposes. i. The private meeting between David and Jonathan here was possible only because Saul had not yet returned to his court from Ramah. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. How will Jonathan get the message to David? And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD. b. At least not everybody wants David dead (I Samuel 19) 1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. And Jonathan gave his weapons to the lad, and said to him, "Go and carry them to the city." Jonathan’s support of David enraged Saul and. Then David hid in the field. And so they both went out into the field. e. Why should he be killed? By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. because they both agreed to honor each other not only in life, but also to honor each other’s families beyond their own lifetimes. !” Then David took an oath again, and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.’ But truly, but a step between me and death.” So Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you yourself desire, I will do. One may wonder if some tattle tale at Saul's court, who perhaps had seen David and Jonathan together "in the field," had told Saul of it. "And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted … Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? "[11] From the most ancient times, it has been customary to revile a person by slandering or belittling his ancestors. Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. Vv. "Then David fled from Nairoth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, "What have I done? We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. 6 If your father misses me at all, tell him, ‘David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown, because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.’ 7 If he says, ‘Very well,’ then your servant is safe. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. The king had recently sworn in a solemn oath that David should not die. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). It. Then David hid in the field. And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. How will Jonathan get the message to David? He didn’t know that Saul set out to get David at Naioth, though previously his father told him everything. Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. He could no longer go home. your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. And he said to him, "Far from it! ", "There is but a step between me and death", "Tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at the table with the king", "If there is guilt in me, slay me yourself", "For you brought your servant into a sacred covenant with you", "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly? We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. If Saul’s heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed but not furious. And why should my father hide this thing from me? and therefore might set himself against David. "On the third day" (1 Samuel 20:19). “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “, ,” because one might think that the LORD was really. A lot was riding on the message brought through a few arrows. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. "He (David) fled from Nairoth" (1 Samuel 20:1). He was in this purpose the avowed enemy, not only of David, but of God Himself. Conceivably, he could have said, “Where is your faith, brother? Jonathan reluctantly accepted David's word and offered to help in any way possible. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will report it to David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. . pp. (19-20) Samuel’s miraculous conception and his birth. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry them to the city.”. It is not so: Apparently, David wondered why Jonathan didn’t tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. ” 20 Then Saul sent messengers to take David, and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as head over them, h the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, i and they also prophesied. And Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, but David’s place was empty. 1 Samuel 21 Chapter 20 David, having several times narrowly escaped Saul’s fury, begins to consider at last whether it may not be necessary for him to retire into the country and to … Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I … "And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … Then Jonathan said to David: “The LORD God of Israel. Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me; and why should my father hide this from me? Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? He would continue to be king, so he thought, in spite of the will of God; and here it appears that he expected Jonathan to succeed him and continue his dynasty. i. David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. David fleeing from Naioth came to Jonathan, and acquainted him with his circumstances, and entreated his favour, 1 Samuel 20:1; which Jonathan promised, and renewed the covenant with him, 1 Samuel 20:9; a scheme was formed between them, by which David might know whether Saul was reconciled to him, and he might come to court, 1 Samuel 20… He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. SAUL, MISSING DAVID, SEEKS TO KILL JONAHAN. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully. 1 Samuel 20:24-40. Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, saying, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come’—then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. i. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.”. ). As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. "Whatever you say, I will do for you" (1 Samuel 20:4). 5 So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. We have to see all of this from David’s perspective. He knew that Saul attempted to kill him many times, and it seemed Saul would not quit until David was gone. And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you"? : The Spirit of God protected David in Naioth in a powerful way. : These would bring one of two messages. Jonathan had a noble commitment to David as a friend. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry, : It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly – because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan. But the lad knew nothing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. He could no longer go home. "Remain beside yonder stone heap" (1 Samuel 20:19). a. Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. also. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. David felt that his death was inevitable and that he walked on a slippery plank over a great canyon. c. So Jonathan said to him, “By no means”: This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. If your father misses me at all, then say, `David earnestly asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.' Why aren’t you just trusting God?” Instead Jonathan knew David’s heart was pointed in the right direction, and he offered. i. 1 Samuel 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon If I knew that it was determined by my father that evil should come upon you, would I not tell you"? And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! But the Spirit of God came even upon him, and he walked along prophesying until he came … (5-11) David proposes to test Saul’s attitude. Why should my father hide this thing from me? Christological Focus- The Role of Friendship in Light of Christ’s Coming. He wanted to know what, thought but it was more important for David to know what. : David was expected to be at this special feast of the, , and so he his absence was clearly noticed. And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.". The rest of First Samuel is devoted to the record of how God protected and preserved David from the myriad dangers that confronted him. i. That reason was the king's knowledge that Jonathan, through his friendship for David, would not have approved of it. 3. The problem David mentioned here was simply that of how the result of the proposed test of Saul's attitude could be communicated to David when Saul got back in town. And what is my sin before your father that he seeks my life"? "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". The second point may be more interesting than relevant. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked, of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for, a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘. "If there is guilt in me, slay me yourself" (1 Samuel 20:8). Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. : David and Jonathan loved each other and had a strong bond of friendship. a. It became perfectly clear to all present, when Saul thus addressed Jonathan, that Saul would not only kill David if possible, but anyone else who stood between him and the achievement of his fiendish purpose. "Saul's casting his spear at David (19:10) was during a state of madness in which Saul was not master of himself; and it could not be inferred with certainty that Saul would still plot against David's life. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious. This bleak road was important in David’s life because if David was to be set in such a great position of authority, David must learn to submit to God’s authority, even if it were through a man like Saul. Then he said to his lad, “Now run, find the arrows which I shoot.” As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 1. And he said, ‘Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me, . David felt that his death was inevitable and that he walked on a slippery plank over a great canyon. After the lad had gone, Jonathan no doubt went to the hiding place where he knew David was waiting; and there, in the safe security of that hiding place, these tearful actions occurred. Not himself, not Saul, not Jonathan, not anyone except God. He. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. David was uncertain whether he was indeed committed to life as a fugitive and an outlaw, or if Saul's violent attempt to take his life might be attributed to a sudden fit of madness, and from which a reconciliation through the aid of Jonathan might be arranged, as upon a similar previous occasion. No los pone de inmediato en posesión del reino; los guía a través de mucha tribulación, la cual convierte en el medio para equiparlos para el reino. b. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). If he says, `Good? David was an honored member of the king's court and, at this point in time, he had not been formally expelled. 3. David was now a fugitive on the run from an angry, jealous king determined to destroy him. b. The first day of the feast, David would be missed; but the real test would come if he missed the second day of the feast. And on the third day you will be greatly missed; then go to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand, and remain beside yonder stone heap. Either Saul’s heart has changed towards David and there is safety for you, or Saul was still determined to kill David and the LORD has sent you away. "While Saul lay bound by his trance at Nairoth, David, escaped to the court and got to speak with Jonathan."[4]. Now the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on a seat by the wall. on this side of you; get them and come’—then, as the LORD lives, safety for you and no harm. (1Sa 20:24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David's absence. Chapter 20 begins with the young general David leaving the prophet Samuel presence and finds his great friend Jonathan. 21 Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. Now therefore, send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die.” And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, “Why should he be killed? She spoke softly, none could hear her. "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly?" What is my guilt? But if he is very angry, then be sure that evil is determined by him. In fact, David and Jonathan will only meet once more, shortly before Jonathan’s death. But if there is guilt in me, slay me yourself; for why should you bring me to your father"? Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?” But Jonathan said, “Far be it from you! : Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. In asking, “What have I done?” David wanted to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. And Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, but David’s place was empty. 1 Samuel 1:22 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls always. : Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. Saul told … 1. You can be sure of it.”. He was even expected to sit at the king's table in the approaching feast of the new moon. Either Saul’s heart has changed towards David and, , or Saul was still determined to kill David and. 1-10.Las pruebas que enfrentó David le prepararon para su futuro progreso. Introduction. Conceivably, he could have said, “Where is your faith, brother? If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘It is well,’ your servant will be safe. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. And behold, I will send the lad, saying, `Look, the arrows are on this side of you, take them,' then you are to come, for, as the Lord lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. This bleak road was important in David’s life because if God would put David in a place where people must depend on him, God would teach David to depend upon God alone. David's falling upon his face and his repeated bowing down before Jonathan were David's way of extending his thanks and honor to Jonathan for saving his life. So they both went out into the field.". For if I knew certainly that evil was determined by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you?” Then David said to Jonathan, “Who will tell me, or what if your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. He would no longer be welcome among the army of Israel. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. What is my guilt? 1 Samuel Chapter 20 Summary. And the LORD be with you as He has been with my father. “And you shall not only show me the kindness of the LORD while I still live, that I may not die; but you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever, no, not when the LORD has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth.” So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “Let the LORD require it at the hand of David’s enemies.” Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. ii. David at once responded with a plan to ascertain the real situation between himself and Saul. Jonathan expressed astonishment that his father did not tell him but assures David of his heart towards him. You can also change some of your preferences. David was obligated to be there. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. For this reason he has not come to the king's table.". It is not so!” Then David took an oath again, and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.’ But truly, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death.” So Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you.”. at the hand of David’s enemies.” Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: Jonathan and David agreed to care for one another. He was a ruler who governed Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "What have I done? Jonathan knew that God was really for Saul because God offered Saul opportunities for repentance. "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman" (1 Samuel 20:30) This vile slur cast upon Jonathan was the ancient equivalent of the vulgar present-day insult, "You son-of-a-bitch." We may request cookies to be set on your device. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-20.html. What is my sin? It is hard to see where this incident can be made to fit in."[2]. You shall not die! Jonathan himself had taken the lead in forming that sacred covenant with David. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. : Jonathan knew from this response that Saul’s heart was settled on evil against David. : David asked Jonathan to observe Saul’s reaction to David’s absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state.