Since September 2007, India has opened up limited mountaineering and trekking expeditions to the area.  Pakistan maintains a territorial claim over the Siachen Glacier and controls the region west of Saltoro Ridge, lying west of the glacier, with Pakistani posts located 3,000 ft below more than 100 Indian posts on the ridge.. Siachen Glacier. While there are … Siachen Glacier, 71km long and one of the world’s largest glaciers, is situated in the north of the disputed region of Kashmir. He, on Monday, declared that the entire area from Siachen Base to Kumar Post has been opened for tourism. 1. Thus, the glacier is a major source of the Indus and feeds the largest irrigation system in the world. Myra MacDonald (2008) Heights of Madness: One Woman's Journey in Pursuit of a Secret War, Rupa, New Delhi ISBN 8129112922. Mountaineers who visited the area while on climbing expeditions witnessed large amount of garbage, empty ammunition shells, parachutes etc. This is the highest motor-able road which is kept up by Border Roads Organization and it is deliberately a critical street to convey supplies to the Siachen Glacier. The 76 km long Siachen glacier lies between the massive peaks of the Saltoro Range to its west and Karakoram Range to its east. At 48 miles (72 km) in length, the Himalayan Siachen glacier is the largest glacier outside the poles. The biggest challenge in cleaning up Siachen has been the height of the glacier, which ranges between 18,000 and 21,000 feet. For the military conflict over this area, see, Location of the Siachen Glacier within the greater, From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES ON THIS MAP MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", Siachen Glacier is 76 km (47 mi) long; Tajikistan's, as is done when determining river lengths, second-longest in the world's non-polar areas, Defence Research and Development Organisation, International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "The Himalayas War at the Top of the World", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Opinions", "Siachen dispute: India and Pakistan's glacial fight", "India gained control over Siachen in 1984", "In landmark move, PM Imran unveils 'new political map' of Pakistan", "Life & death in world's highest combat zone", "Siachen deaths harden resolve to hold glacier: Army chief", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Opinions", "Siachen height provides military depth India can't afford to lose | India News", "Story of Saltoro – From Ababeel to Meghdoot", "Avalanche buries Pakistan base; 117 soldiers feared dead", "Bleeding in Siachen: Pakistan losing 30 soldiers a year on highest battlefield", "Rescue operations at Gayari Sector after Pakistan avalanche, Photo Gallery", "33 Indian soldiers killed in Siachen since 2012: govt", "In Siachen, 869 Army men died battling the elements", "Kashmir's Siachen glacier a frigid outpost in India-Pakistan conflict", "Demilitarization of the Siachen Conflict Zone: Concepts for Implementation and Monitoring", "India must continue to hold on to Siachen: Bikram Singh, Army Chief General", "Army should stay put in Siachen, says General Bikram Singh", "846 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen since 1984", "Won't vacate Siachen, we can't trust Pakistan, says Manohar Parrikar | India News", "Here's how ISRO's space technology can save lives of soldiers at Siachen", "Siachen: While the battle continues to rage, no settlement is in sight", "Siachen glacier: Indian troops repulse major Pakistani offensive", "Army opposes Pakistan's demand for troop withdrawal from Siachen Glacier – Indian Express", "UN Map showing CFL as per Karachi Agreement – UN document number S/1430/Add.2", "Why India cannot afford to give up Siachen", "Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry for Glacier Movement Studies", "Exchange Siachen confrontation for peace", "Military activity leads to melting of Siachen glaciers", "Environmental peacemaking: Ending conflict between India and Pakistan on the Siachen Glacier through the creation of a transboundary peace park", "Siachen tragedy – day 5: Bad weather dogs avalanche search efforts", "16 Things You Should Know About India's Soldiers Defending Siachen", "Pakistan wants resolution of Siachen issue: Kayani", India hits back at Pak over Siachen issue, "Out of the box ideas for glacier: Siachen could become bio reserve or peace park", "Sites deferred by the Committee which may merit re-nomination", "US expert at Sandia wants Siachen converted into Science Centre", TIME Asia's cover story on Siachen Glacier (July 11, 2005), Video about the Conflict in the Siachen area and its consequences, Outside magazine article about Siachen battleground, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Kargil, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research, Eliezer Joldan Memorial College Leh, Ladakh, Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siachen_Glacier&oldid=991612509, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:36.  The area to the east and west of the Siachen region have already been declared national parks: the Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary in India and the Central Karakoram National Park in Pakistan.  Both India and Pakistan continue to deploy thousands of troops in the vicinity of Siachen and attempts to demilitarise the region have been so far unsuccessful. Siachen disputation .  As per official records, only 220 Indian soldiers have been killed by enemy bullets since 1984 in Siachen area.  After a proposal of a transboundary Peace Park was floated, the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation (UIAA) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) organised a conference at Geneva and invited Indian and Pakistani mountaineers (Mandip Singh Soin, Harish Kapadia, Nazir Sabir and Sher Khan). According to Stobzan, the chief porter, the Siachen glacier can generate income rather than consuming money if it is declared a peace park and opened for expedition for just around 600 people annually to scale peaks in the Siala Complex and the Sonam Complex such as FLB and Perang Lungpa which have never been scaled. Discover Siachen Glacier in India / Pakistan: This disputed mass of ice is home to the highest battleground on Earth. The Siachen glacier, in northern Kashmir, is regarded as the world's highest battlefield. The Pakistani posts are located 3,000 feet below that place. The nearest civilian settlement is the village of Warshi, 10 miles downstream from the Indian base camp. The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge immediately to the west and the main Karakoram range to the east. A war memorial can be seen on the Nubra river with the names of all the. As my father was in army ( got retired last year) , he was posted in Siachen Glacier and also in Nathula border area Sikkim (both comes in highest battle field). For breaking news and live news updates, like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. The Siachen glacier is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan and the Indian Army had gained control of it in 1984. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 feet (ft) in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. 8. The Indus is used for drinking and irrigation. India occupied the Siachen Glacier on 13 April 1984. Currently, India has the dominating position on the Saltoro ridge, under its control. India has been holding the dominating heights on the Siachen glacier since it occupied them in 1984 during Operation Meghdoot.  In December 2015, Indian Union Minister of State for Defence Rao Inderjit Singh said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha that a total of 869 Army personnel have lost their lives on the Siachen glacier due to climatic conditions and environmental and other factors till date since the Army launched Operation Meghdoot in 1984.  As of 2007, the temperature rise at Siachen was estimated at 0.2-degree Celsius annually, causing melting, avalanches, and crevasses in the glacier. India also installed the world's highest telephone booth on the glacier. The first group included cadets from Chail Military School, National Defence Academy, National Cadet Corps, Indian Military Academy, Rashtriya Indian Military College and family members of armed forces officers.  At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. The avalanche struck a group of eight soldiers patrolling near a post at a height of 5,485 metres (17,995 feet) in the northern part of the Himalayan glacier on … A part of Siachen glacier, the world’s highest and coldest battlefield, has now been opened up for tourists. Avalanches and landslides are common at the glacier during the winters and temperatures can drop to as low as minus 60 degrees Celsius. The glacier's region is the highest battleground on Earth, where Pakistan and India have fought intermittently since April 1984. Het eerste volledige verslag van de Siachen-oorlog dat van Indiase en Pakistaanse zijde wordt verteld. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram go in the Himalaya Mountains along the questioned India-Pakistan interval fringe at around 35.5° N 77.0° E. It is the longest ice sheet in the Karakoram and second longest on the planet’s non-polar zones. Siachen Glacier, located near the Indo-Pak Line of Control, is known to be the highest battlefield in the world. It is also the world’s second most extended glacial range in the non-polar regions of the globe. The step has been taken to boost tourism in Ladakh […] With posts at heights of 18000-20,000 ft and temperatures dipping below -50 °Celsius, the glacier is one of the most inhospitable regions in the world. On the Indian side, roads go only as far as the military base camp at Dzingrulma at 35°09′59″N 77°12′58″E / 35.1663°N 77.2162°E / 35.1663; 77.2162, 72 km from the head of the glacier. So, everything has to be brought down,” the officer said, adding that baling presses — machines that crush garbage into a compact unit — are used to clear the garbage. Also Read - ‘Siachen Now Open For Tourists And Tourism,’ Says Rajnath Singh.  In September 2003, the governments of India and Pakistan were urged by the participants of 5th World Parks Congress held at Durban, to establish a peace park in the Siachen region to restore the natural biological system and protect species whose lives are at risk. It is predicted that the glaciers of the Siachen region will be reduced to about one-fifth of their 2011 size by 2035. And if you don’t know what it means to serve on the heights of Siachen, here are 10 facts about Indian soldiers serving that will make the toughest ground job in the world sound like child’s play. After that present Prime Minister Narendra Modi also visited this place. A view from Siachen glacier, ... Broad Peak, also known as K-3 -- the world’s 12th-highest peak with a height of 8,051 m (26,414 ft) -- is located in the Karakoram range about eight km from K-2. Including all tributary glaciers, the Siachen Glacier system covers about 700 km2 (270 sq mi). These are taught over a month at the Siachen Battle School at the base camp, also called the snout of the glacier, at 12,000 feet. , Preliminary findings of a survey by Pakistan Meteorological Department in 2007 revealed that the Siachen glacier has been retreating for the past 30 years and is melting at an alarming rate.  In February 2016, Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar stated in Parliament that India will not vacate Siachen as there is trust deficit with Pakistan and also said that 915 people have lost their lives in Siachen since Operation Meghdoot in 1984. However, after the Pakistani incursions during the Kargil War in 1999, India abandoned plans to withdraw from Siachen without official recognition of the current line of control by Pakistan, wary of further Pakistani incursions if they vacate the Siachen Glacier posts without such recognition. , Aside from the Indian and Pakistani military presence, the glacier region is unpopulated. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second longest in the world's non-polar areas. Siachen glacier located near Indo-Pak Line of Control is known to be the highest battlefield in the world. Prior to 1984, neither country had any military forces in this area. You can find out more-, ‘Siachen Now Open For Tourists And Tourism,’ Says Rajnath Singh, Soldiers in Frozen Siachen Break Eggs With Hammers, Video Goes Viral, Give Befitting Reply to Pakistan's Misadventure: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Troops at Siachen, Siachen glacier acts as a barrier between the Shaksgam Valley and Baltistan. The Siachen Glacier base camp is situated at an altitude of 11,000 feet and Kumar post is at an altitude of 16,000 feet. The Siachen glacier is the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since April 13, 1984. Indian soldiers deployed at heights ranging from 16,000 to 20,000 feet - in Siachen and Doklam - will use the new gear at a location that is strategic to India and Pakistan. Both India and Pakistan have wished to disengage from the costly military outposts. In 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot, a military operation that gave India control over all of the Siachen Glacier, including its tributaries. At a height of up to 8,000 meters, Siachen is regarded as the world's highest battlefield due to military conflict between India and Pakistan which was started in 1984. Photo: defencelover.in 9. An Indian soldier who was buried in an avalanche that struck the Siachen glacier in Indian-administered Kashmir six days ago has been found alive. THE Indian government on Monday (21) announced that the Siachen area, the world’s highest battlefield, is now open to tourists.  The Indian army is said to have planned a "Green Siachen, Clean Siachen" campaign to airlift the garbage from the glacier, and to use biodigestors for biodegradable waste in the absence of oxygen and freezing temperatures. The Siachen conflict, sometimes referred to as the Siachen War, was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir.A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range, running 78 … The glacier’s width varies from 1 to 2.5 km. Since 1984, when the Indian army took control of Siachen, more than 1000 soldiers have died guarding the glacier. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). In the previous year, the President of India, Abdul Kalam became the first head of state to visit the area.  The region is home to rare species including snow leopard, brown bear and ibex that are at risk because of the military presence.. You will be surprised to know that this number is almost twice the men who lost their lives in the Kargil war. The glacier's melting waters are the main source of the Nubra River in the Indian region of Ladakh, which drains into the Shyok River. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). Now that civilians are allowed to experience the tough conditions of Siachen Glacier and many of you have even started to plan a trip to the highest battlefield, here we tell you 5 important facts about the place which is solely operated by Indian soldiers. dumped on the glacier, that neither decomposes nor can be burned because of the extreme climatic conditions. Photo: defencelover.in The Siachen Glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range is also the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan maintain permanent military personnel at a height of over 6,000 meters. President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari also visited a area near the Siachen Glacier called Gayari Sector during 2012 with Pakistan Army Chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani. Coldest highest battlefield Siachen glacier should be peace mountain. , The glacier was uninhabited before 1984, and the presence of thousands of troops since then has introduced pollution and melting on the glacier. Khardung La Pass is at the height of 18,380 ft, which lies to the north of Leh and it also provides a gateway to the Shyok and Nubra Valleys. Siachen Glacier, which is the world’s highest battlefield, is now open for tourists, says Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.  According to the present ground positions, relatively stable for over a decade, India maintains control over all of the 76 kilometres (47 mi) long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, Gyong La, Yarma La (6,100m), and Chulung La (5,800m). , Dumping of non-biodegradable waste in large quantities and the use of arms and ammunition have considerably affected the ecosystem of the region. Siachen height News - Find Siachen height latest News and Headlines today along with Siachen height Photos and Videos at HindustanTimes.com.  According to the Indian stance, the line of separation should continue roughly northwards along the Saltoro Range, to the west of the Siachen glacier beyond NJ9842; international boundary lines that follow mountain ranges often do so by following the watershed drainage divide such as that of the Saltoro Range. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E / 35.421226°N 77.109540°E / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. An interesting example is the Tibetan Plateau, where the monsoon creates steady strong winds from December to April, and calm winds from June to October.