These two people were pharaohs - the most important and powerful people in Egyptian society. Time period: about 3100-2686 BC. ...The pharaoh was undoubtedly the most important terrestrial figure in ancient Egypt and played a significant role in the functioning of Egyptian society. "Imperial Age" . The New Kingdom saw the reign of some of Ancient Egypt's most powerful and charismatic pharaohs. Included the 18th to the 20th dynasty. Jaromir Malek uncovers the evidence. It is the era of uniting Egypt and building the first country in history, and beginning the beginning of Egyptian civilization. Khufu is known for his monuments of himself. Capitol was Thebes. The Egyptian people believed the pharaoh was the son of _____ , the Egyptian sun god. False By New Kingdom times the mummification process achieved a high degree of preservation and some procedures became standardized for those who could afford it. Following the Old Kingdom Period was the first period of disorder and calamity, known as the First Intermediate Period. Archaic Period (3150-2686 BCE) Dynasty 0 (3150-3050 BCE) Scorpion: c. 3150 : Narmer (Menes) c. 3100: Dynasty 1 (3050-2890 BCE) Aha: c. 3000-2975 : Djer: c. 3000 Djoser wanted his tomb to be the grandest ever built in Egypt. The Pharaohs of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom The Fifth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom This era started with Userkaf, who ruled from 2494 till 2487 BC and during his reign, there has been much growing importance of the cult of the sun god Ra. It lasted from 1975 BC to 1640 BC. After death, “[the Pharaoh] encircled the heavens, sailing in the divine bark in the company of the gods,” and most importantly in the company of his heavenly father, Re, the sun god (David, 138, 2003). Egyptian Old Kingdom Dynasties – In 300 BC the Egyptian historian Manetho wrote a history of Egypt called Aegyptiaca, which put the number of dynasties (ruling Families) at thirty. The Era of The Ancient Kingdom or The Pharaonic Era, Pharaonic: The first and second beds included the Pharaonic. Queen Hatshepsut was a pharaoh from the 18th Dynasty who is considered to be one of the powerful ancient Egypt pharaohs ruled Egypt during the New Kingdom from 1481 till 1472 BC, and the first woman who ruled Egypt when her husband (Thutmose II) died because his son (Thutmose III) was a young child. Notable Old Kingdom pharaohs included Djoser and Sekhemkhet from Egypt’s Third Dynasty, the Fourth Dynasty’s Snefru, Khufu, Khafre and Menkaura and Pepy I and Pepy II from the Sixth Dynasty. He ruled Egypt for about … Djoser ruled from about 2630-2611 BC. . Egyptian Pharaohs – Old Egyptian Kingdom Pharaohs. Snefru: He was the first king belongs to the 4th dynasty. Djoser's example set an important precedent, and Egyptian pharaohs throughout the Old Kingdom would expand the borders of Egypt based on acquiring new resources. While early Egyptian rulers were called “kings,” over time, the name “pharaoh” stuck. Pyramid building came to its peak, giving this period its common nickname Age of the Pyramids.. . One of the most successful of all ancient Egyptian pharaohs was Hatshepsut, who increased Egypt's influence by expanding foreign trade during a reign that lasted from 1479 to 1458 B.C. After the end of the Old Kingdom of Egypt, there has been a fight between the tenth & the eleventh dynasties. Pharaoh, (from Egyptian per ʿaa, “great house”), originally, the royal palace in ancient Egypt.The word came to be used metonymically for the Egyptian king under the New Kingdom (starting in the 18th dynasty, 1539–1292 bce), and by the 22nd dynasty (c. 945–c. "King" Hatshepsut was actually a woman, and is one of the first known female rulers in history. The Middle Kingdom saw pharaohs buried in hidden tombs. The Egypt Middle Kingdom was followed by the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt, which involved some foreign invasions by the Hyksos of West Asia. These lines bear a striking resemblance to an image of the afterlife of the Egyptian pharaoh that was articulated as early as the Old Kingdom. Military conquest . Djoser belonged to the family that ruled in Dynasty III (Three), in other words, the third family to rule as pharaohs. Start studying SS 2-2 Egypt's Old Kingdom. [24] The main aim was to investigate the development of this provincial town from the end of Old Kingdom (2200 BC) to the beginning of the Middle Kingdom … The word “pharaoh” means “Great House,” a reference to the palace where the pharaoh resides. The Dynasties & Pharaohs of Egypt Middle Kingdom. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 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