googletag.cmd.push(function() { var pbHdSlots = [ dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446384' }}, iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); So loud was the noise that I couldn't work. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, 'increment': 0.05, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, }; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Had better is similar, but it's used for more urgent advice with bad consequences if you don't follow it (eg. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Champagne is an expensive French white wine with bubbles in. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, 1 —used with the past participle to form the present perfect, past perfect, or future perfect has gone home had already eaten will have finished dinner by then. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, Had, like that, is one of a very few words to be correctly used twice in succession in English, e.g. bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, storage: { iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 'max': 8, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 250] }}, Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, } { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, expires: 365 {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, Lesson by Sebastian, teacher at EC Cape Town English School. userIds: [{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776340', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, had. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "anger"); 'increment': 0.01, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776142', position: 'btf' }}, "loggedIn": false 'max': 36, You had better quit smoking or you'll die). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["business_financial_industrial_technology", "people_society_religion", "law_government_military"]); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '2').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); If you have been had, someone has tricked you, for example by selling you something at too high a price. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }},   Some words served as replacements for the English words, and others coexisted with slightly changed meanings. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, type: "cookie", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 100] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/had"); ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, New Year’s Eve is traditionally when we fix our gaze firmly forward in hope, having cast a backward glance at the year just ended. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, if(pl_p) { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Had Peter understood the situation, he would have quit. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); storage: { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); Meaning definition, what is intended to be, or actually is, expressed or indicated; signification; import: the three meanings of a word. 'min': 3.05, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, When to use HAVE HAD & HAD HAD In the present perfect, the auxiliary verb is always have (for I, you, we, they) or has (for he, she, it). { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }},