6000 BC These factors were what largely contributed to the success and the strength of the city. 610 AD 1550 BC – 1070 BC 2500-1500 BC: Vedic age ca. The Recent Helladic Period III: This period built the peak of the Mycenaean civilization. In general, the Moche culture had great ease in the coastal area to the north of Peru, in this area they developed in impressive form, constructing great temples that became a great part of their legacy. This civilization flourished in the areas of present-day Ecuador, Peru, and Chile and had its administrative, military, and political center at Cusc… New Kingdom: In the outward expansion arrived at the Euphrates (Asia) as well as to Nubia (Africa). T2 - From Prehistory to 640 CE. 623 AD The territory succumbed to Rome. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Timeline Greece Maps Projects Civilizations Bronze Age India Objectives • Summarize how geography affected cultural development • Describe city-states • Describe early religious beliefs, social structure, and technology • Explain the influence of ancient civilizations on later civilizations 500 AD – 800 AD The Turks take control of modern-day Iran and Iraq. For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around 3100 B.C. 600 BC Tahuantinsuyo was more extensive than any state of Precolombian America. Located at the mouth of the Bosporus straights and controlling access between the Mediterranean and Black Seas, Constantinople was strategically located to control the lucrative trade routes to the east. It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BCE to 300 BCE. 1045-256 BC 578 BC – 535 BC by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. 218 BC 600 AD Cambyses II, son of Cyrus the Great, conquered everything up to modern-day Afghanistan. Following the customs of the time, historians later marked that year as the start of the Muslim calendar. 400 AD She was assimilated into other cultures with different names like the Greek goddess Aphrodite and the Roman god Venus and the Egyptian god Isis. Rome also saw the rise and fall of some of the greatest emperors in human civilization, like Julius Caesar, Trajan and Augustus. Also, it's weird to me to have the "African" civilizations so far away from the Egyptian civilization. The Sui Dynasty brought the reunification of the south and the north, The Grand Canal was constructed and extended the Great Wall of China. 3000 BC, when all of ancient Egypt was united as a single state. They are considered to be the mother culture of Mesoamerican civilization. The country was, and continues to be, dominated by the East-West road known as the Silk Road in the Middle Ages. var timelineTypesChecked = []; Trade was strongly developed and the concept of private property was created. Under the rule of the Latin Empire, Crete is given to Venice. 530 BC – 522 BC He expanded the territory to Lake Ohrid. This road connected the Medes with Babylonia, Assyria, Armenia, and the Mediterranean Sea in the West, and with Parthia, Arya, Bactria, Sogdiana, and China in the East. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. 1202 AD – 1261 AD Hammurabi conquered the city of Larsa and declared himself emperor. They used more than 3000 symbols that were transformed into the characters used in the Chinese language. T1 - Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations. This was in practice since 509 BC when the monarchy was put to an end with the expulsion of the last king, Lucio Tarquino the arrogant, until 27 AD, the date in which Rome became an empire. 4000 BC 12th Century – 4th century BC They carried out an intense unification of norms: weights and measurements as well as the system of writing were all unified. In the end, they faced invasions from the People of the Sea, people from the Aegean Sea and Libya. 609 BC 650 AD 146 BC – 330 AD 1054 AD Despite that the borders of the Medes were never perfectly fixed, their territory corresponded to modern-day North East Iran. Together with the Mayans they are the most studied theme of Mesoamerican history. Ancient Civilization Timeline: The 16 Oldest Cultures Acces PDF Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations From Prehistory Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations From Prehistory Kobo Reading App: This is another nice e-reader app that's available for Windows Phone, BlackBerry, Android, iPhone, iPad, and Windows and Mac computers. In its prime, it extended from the Korean peninsula to the Danube river. The Avars were allied with the Persians and laid siege against Constantinople but were forced to withdraw due to a strong resistance from the inhabitants. 324 AD Its influence has been felt throughout centuries of history and many countries still have ample evidence in the form of monuments and buildings which date back to that period. Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Greeks populated the west coast of Anatolia. Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, drafted the first collection of laws. In Ancient Greece, Anatolia was known as Asia to the west of the peninsula, extending later to the name of the whole continent. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. 1700 BC Romulo was the first king. The Antonios dynasty: their first five emperors were known as the Dynasty of the Five Good Emperors because all of them were wise and lead Rome well. Hence the end of Western Phoenicia. 425 1270 320 AD – 927 AD Chemical analysis of the dated tree-ring sequence identifies a chemical change in their growth environment around 1560 BC, which while requiring further substantiation, may be evidence of the Thera eruption. 1400 BC By this date, the Phoenician cities had adopted Greek culture and the name Phoenicia had disappeared. Agriculture, industry, and trade flourished. Assyria became an empire. The economy was based in the cultivation of wheat, vines, olives, and livestock. These tribes didn’t recognize the power that they would’ve had together. The expansion of Teotihuacan wasn’t achieved alone with weapons, but through a combination of military activity, trade, and the establishment of political alliances. Jin Dynasty. Education and writing, on the recently developed rice paper, were both encouraged. The Achaemenid empire reached its height in the year 500 BC when it started to encompass the parts of modern-day Libya, Greece, Bulgaria, and Pakistan, as well as certain areas of Caucasus, Sudan, and Central Asia. The Ancient Civilizations: The Mediterranean and Europe – The Roman Empire The Roman Empire was one of the most extensive empires that has existed on the face of the Earth. Each of these cities made up a small independent state. 581 AD- 618 AD I would agree with what others have said about the "Ascent of Man" picture being misleading (for a lot of reasons). The first census in the world is attributed to him. Anatolia is a peninsula located in the Middle East, occupied today by the Asian part of Turkey. Another important road united the capitals of Persis, Persepolis, and Pasargadae. 1792 BC The major events in ancient history listed in the table below are those happenings in the world that led to or gravely impacted the rise and decline of the great Mediterranean civilizations of Greece and Rome. Crisis of the 3rd century. During the Pre-Dynastic period, the small settlements prospered along the Nile River. La Venta is the main archaeological site of the Olmecan culture. They were called Hebrews before the conquest of the land of Canaan and Israelites afterwards. 1206 AD With the expansion from the invaders, various cities were founded on the southern coast of Canaan: Gaza, Asdod, Ecrón, Ascalón and Gat. As noted in the addendum to this article, Essential Humanities considers a culture to be a civilization if it features at least one settlement with a population over ten thousand. This was the first form of government in the city-state, Rome. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The Greeks in the Medic Wars (Battle of Marathon) stopped their advances. The Medes were recognized generally as an important part of the Seleucid and Persian Empire. The Achaemenid empire, or The Persian Achaemenid empire, is the name given to the first and more extensive Persian empire, which was extended by the territories of modern-day Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Egypt. As noted in the addendum to this article, Essential Humanities considers a culture to be a civilization if it features at least one settlement with a population over ten thousand. In the Precolumbian Era, the Zapotecans were one of the most important civilizations of Mesoamerica. Crete is an island situated in the Aegean Sea. On its ruins, the Eighth Crusade took place. Original location: The Tiber River in Italy Current Location: Rome Major Highlights:Monumental architecture Traditionally considered to have been founded in 753 B.C., Rome’s beginnings were that of a modest village. The first god of the Phoenicians was Astarte, the goddess of fertility. It divided the year into 12 months and determined the agricultural and political activities for each month. 31 BC Babylonia conquers Judea. A group of Canaanite men, of semitic race and language and coming from the Persian or Arabic gulf established themselves on the northern coasts of Lebanese Syria. The Greeks won against the Persians, who fought with the help of the Phoenician Navy. The Hittites inhabited the region of Anatolia Pre-Turkey. The Medes and Babylonians took Harran, finally ending the Assyrian empire. Venice uses Crete as a strategic point from which to carry out their interests in the Eastern Mediterranean. Roman civilization emerged around the sixth century BC. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 600 BC 332 BC – 30 BC This happened to Monte Alban and even the Mayans. In the Islamic world, it was known as Rûm (Land of the Romans) and its inhabitants were known as Rumis. Written law was adopted. The main cause was the domination of commercial interests in the Mediterranean Sea. 395 AD } 1425 BC – 1110 BC 284 AD – 304 AD As well as Crete, other islands of the Aegean Sea (Cyclades and Rhodes) and places in Asia Minor show Mycenaean deposits. Wednesday November 15, 2017 Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations Greece in the 4th and 3rd centuries; Alexander the Great & Hellenism 1. 340 BC – 338 BC The first emperor of this new era is Maximinus the Thracian, son of peasants and from modern-day Bulgaria. The first cities and empires formed here. In such conditions, isolation was the nature of those peoples that, if they were in a time of peace they had some communications. It was also navigable from the sea (located 25km downstream) uniquely from this position; it was also an intersection of interest in the commercial routes from Central Lazio, and in between Etruria and Campania. See more ideas about timeline project, ancient, ancient civilizations. 330 BC Although it is believed that the triple alliance was born in the 15th century, in reality its existence comes from previous centuries. Patriarchies; Abraham, his son Isaac, and his grandson Jacob. A distinctive feature was their conviction in the existence of a single god, called Yahweh. They conquered Byzantium and Damascus (Syria) was defeated. The Phoenicians establish themselves on the coasts of Syria and Libya, coming from Arabia in the 4th century BC. 900 BC – 500 BC Numidia provided part of the highest quality Calvary in the Second Punic War, and the Numidian Calvary had a main role in a series of battles. Irititicame decided that they would establish themselves in the modern state of Michoacan, Mexico, and conquer the neighboring people of Naraxan. 264 BC – 146 BC Archaic Kingdom: Menes, the first Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, unified Upper and Lower Egypt. The Roman general Flavio Aecio, known as “’The Last Great Roman”, marched towards the border and in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains he defeated the once invincible Attila. 300 BC – 700 AD This is the period of the famous poems of Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey. His son, Alexander the Great conquered most of the known world, inaugurating the Hellenistic Period of Greek history. The population became 50 million. Tito: Son of Vespasian: Reached popularity as a military commander to serve the orders of his father in Judea, during the conflict known as the First Judeo-Roman War (67 AD – 70 AD). 1600-1045 BC Timeline Greece Maps Projects Civilizations Bronze Age India Objectives • Summarize how geography affected cultural development • Describe city-states • Describe early religious beliefs, social structure, and technology • Explain the influence of ancient civilizations on later civilizations Its ancient name, Byzantium, inspired the term Byzantine Empire by the illustrated erudition of the 17th and 18th centuries. In this peninsula, the famous Battle of Troy took place, in which the Greeks, led by Agamemnon, won against the Trojans, led by Hector. They destroy the temple of Jerusalem. $('.chk_timeline_types:checked').each(function(elem) { During the wars in Western China, Genghis Khan died from illness. Carthage falls. Arts & Culture Egypt was passed to the Byzantines when the Roman empire was divided until the Arabic conquest in the year 640 AD. 965 BC – 930 BC Classical Period: They created a style that was later considered exemplary. For being a mountainous region, it has historically been a military stronghold for several peoples. 200, 000 to 55,000: Approximately around this time, early modern humans started to become recognizable in Ancient Africa. timelineTypesChecked.push(this.value); 2000 BC – 1700 BC It was armed with a weapon that was used exclusively by the Greeks, the Greek Fire. The Zapotecans begin to abandon Monte Alban and occupy Mitla. The format is the era or dates in the far left column (column #1), followed by a summary of the period called the Overview which may be further divided by region horizontally (column #2), followed by the main geographic area ( the Mediterranean, what we call the Middle East today, but in the context of ancient history is usually called the Ancient Near East (A.N.E. Nice looking timeline! A line of Sabine, Latin and Etruscan (earlier Italian civil… The pottery wheel is introduced and they begin bronze metallurgy. A cultural hearth is a place where a culture first developed. In addition, the main migration of a group of Homo sapiens that are the … Continue reading "Timeline of Ancient Africa" This is the era that the circular pyramid of Cuicuilco, the central square of Monte Alban, and the pyramid of the moon in Teotihuacan are estimated to have been built. Muhammad started to preach a new, monotheistic religion: Islam. Minoan Postpalatial: Construction of the legendary palace of the mythological king Idomeneo. In an expedition commanded by Cecilio Metelo, Crete was added to the Roman empire. 800 AD They had a class system with aristocrats and plebeians. Timeline of the Ancient World; 3500-3000 BC: 3000-2000 BC: 2000-1000 BC: 1000 BC-0: 0-500: Mesopotamian civilization ca. Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Mesoamerica is the region of the American continent that includes the southern half of Mexico, the Guatemalan territories, El Salvador, and Belize, as well as Western Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Hammurabi started his kingdom. Under the reign of Constantine II, the Roman Empire lost Egypt, which was conquered by the Arabs. See more ideas about timeline project, ancient, ancient civilizations. The Mexicans were the last great Chichimeca migration to the Central Highlands. 2500-1500 BC: Vedic age ca. There never existed a country called “Phoenicia”. They dedicated themselves to pottery, sculpting, architecture, painting, goldsmithing, and notably fishing, which was and continues to be the primary activity of the P’urepechans. 586 BC History, map and timeline of the Middle East 3500 BCE, ... and already ancient – civilizations, with a complex commercial life, bureaucracies, ... whilst in the Mediterranean land a number of brilliant city-state civilizations, most notably the Greeks, now flourish. 240 AD – 550 AD The Phoenician alphabet was adopted and modified by the Greeks to represent their language. 96 AD – 192 AD 1204 AD – 1261 AD The Spaniard Conquest of the Mayan people was completed in 1697, with the conquering of Tayasal, capital of the Itza and Zacpeten Mayans, capital of the Ko’woj Mayans was in Peten (Modern-day Guatemala). 1350 BC – 1100 BC The Incan empire was a South American State governed by the Incans that swept through the western part of the subcontinent between the 15th and 16th centuries. The last Mayan state disappeared when the Mexican government of Porfirio Diaz occupied their capital in 1901, Chan Santa Cruz (Modern-day Felipe Carrillo Puero, Quintana Roo), giving an end to the so-called Caste War. This seminar-style class will explore the political, economic, social, and cultural achievements of the civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean world from their origins through the fall of Rome. 1063 AD – 1115 AD There is evidence of pastoral life and cultivation of grain in the Eastern Sahara. 622 AD Cities & Buildings tl_categories_checked(); Third Intermediate Period: 2 Libyan dynasties were established that divided Egypt. Only some parts of the Mixtecans resisted with military force to the Spaniard conquest like Tututepec. As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. ... N.S. In this era, the first writing systems were developed along with the base-20 numerical system of the Olmecs. 2600 BC – 2500 BC Large, highly-populated cities appear with a clear specialization in the use of space and social differentiation. A look at Ancient Civilizations of the Mycenaeans and Phoenicians. When Teotihuacan declined, other centers that depended culturally and commercially on it came to a rapid end as well. 146 BC For this reason, it is very common to find traces and evidence of this culture throughout the Mexican territory. The terms “Hebrew” and “Israelite” often describe the same people. At the height of its power, the Roman Empire ruled over a huge chunk of land, and all the present-day Mediterranean countries were part of ancient Rome. The Land is conquered by Alexander the Great; Hellenistic Ruler. Its influence has been felt throughout centuries of history and many countries still have ample evidence in the form of monuments and buildings which date back to that period. The Boturini Codex lays down the official route made by the Mexicans, which included sites of Hidalgo and Mexico that were successively expelled. It was named “The Greek Empire” by its Western European contemporaries (due to the dominance of Greek language, culture, and ethnicity). Vases carved from stone, knives, ceremonial blades, and dedicated scepter heads. Sparta is the prominent city-state at first, and then Thebes 2. The Moche or Mochican culture developed, a culture of Ancient Peru. The human contribution of the Bedouins was very important and defined future conquests. In addition, he established an important network of alliances through his marriages. 14 terms. The king Attila the Hun marched against Rome. 1700 BC – 1350 BC The area consists of Crete, the Cyclades and some other islands, and the Greek… Groups of farmers arrived bringing with them ceramic traditions. Fundraiser: Mesopotamia Teaching Materials. The last emperor of the west, Romulo Augustulo, who was only a boy. They invaded Xochimilco. Pygmalion rose to the throne to the age of eleven, under the regency of the great priest Melkart who was married to Dido, sister of the king who had to escape to Africa when she attempted to avenge the death of her husband. The united Arabic tribes under the mandate of Muhammed and his successors carried Islam and conquered, in a few years, almost all of Asia minor, Egypt, and North Africa.

The Persian Empire is a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia/Iran since the 6th century BC in the Achaemenid era, to the 20th century AD in the Qajar era. The first hunter-gatherer human groups arrived. Greece falls again during the Peloponnesian wars were Sparta defeated Athens. This lead to the disappearance of the Carthaginian state and the destruction of the city of Carthage. Timeline - Ancient Civilization (4000 BC - 500 BC) 20 terms. The city of Rome was founded. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization in Canaan which covered most of the western, coastal part of the fertile Crescent. 1500 BC – 1200 AD Alexander the Great was the Emperor. The First Latin War: The Romans wanted to consolidate their power in Lazio. Dark Age: Signs of geometric designs on pottery.