Klimczak I, Malecka M, et al. infl. Sep;90(3):521-7. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Ripening fruits Image credit to Agnes Rinehart, http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Amarante épineuse, épinard malabar, épinard piquant (Fr). web interface by Barnes, J. P., and A. R. Putnam. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. Pollination is by wind (Waterhouse, 1994). Scientific Name: Amaranthus spinosus Root Word: amarantos = unfading, spinosus = spiny Common Name: Spiny Amaranth, Pigweed Vernacular: Kulites: Similar Species: Amaranthus viridis L Origin: probably native to tropical America Weed Category: Broadleaves; Description. This Amaranthus has elongated red flowers that hang to the ground. Seeds can remain dormant for a long time until it gets a viable environment to germinate. Pl. • Burkill, H.M., 1985. thorny amaranth. Some types are known to produce 235,000 seeds per plant. It blooms all summer long! Seed over winters in or on the surface of soil and germinates late spring to early summer. In a field study in Missouri, spiny amaranth reached 4.5 feet and produced 114 thousand seeds per plant within 14 weeks, compared to 5–7 feet and 250–292 thousand seeds for several other weedy Amaranthusspecies (Sellers et al., 2003). ©S.D. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. rudis [ ]. Spiny amaranth is found throughout the eastern half of the United States. This Amaranthus has elongated red flowers that hang to the ground. Seeds: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. The seeds develop in a utricle 1 1/2 to 2 mm in length. Weed Risk Assessment: Amaranthus spinosus 1. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. David G. Smith's "Delaware Wilflowers": Beautiful photographs; descriptions Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Ajna Fern ofCdin Amaranthus inbothshootandrootof A.hybridus ,A. spinosus ,A. viridis ,andA. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Hojas ampliamente lanceoladas o rómbico-ovadas, (1 ) 1.5 7.5 cm de largo y 0.5 2.5 cm de ancho, variables en tamaño, agudas, redondeadas o emarginadas en el ápice, cuneadas o … Genus: Acanthus Species: spinosus Item Form: 1-Quart Zone: 5 - 9 Bloom Start to End: Early Summer - Late Summer Habit: Columnar Plant Height: 3 ft Plant Width: 3 ft Restrictions: *Due to state restrictions we cannot ship to the following: with help from Each Amaranthus plant can carry tens of thousands of flower seeds, and it will self-seed very easily. Not a true grain, amaranth is often called a pseudocereal, like its relative quinoa. Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Seeds Seed 0.75–1 mm., compressed, black, shining, very faintly reticulate. Plant and Seeds Amaranth is an annual, large and bushy plant usually about 90-130 cm high. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US: Seedling: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. Amaranth seeds are very fine, so generally, the seeds are sprinkled over a prepared area after the risk of last frost has passed. and Reinhardt, C.F. 2nd Edition. This vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. 110–113. Known fondly as Bear's Breeches, this charming perennial is noteworthy for tenacity as well as its pleasing floral display. Distribution: Cosmopolitan in warm temperate and tropical regions but increasingly found in temperate Medicinal uses of Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus). They are tapering at the base with slender petiole and bear a pair of spines up to 1cm long at the base. Amaranthus also provides a unique and wonderful texture for floral arrangements. There are 5 edible parts of the plants which are shoots and stem, leaves, seeds, and dye. Von hier aus hat sich Amaranthus palmeri durch menschliche Einflussnahme und Verschleppung, insbesondere in Äckern, stark ausgebreitet. Mchicha (Sw). Amaranto, bredo (Po). Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. The alternately arranged leaves occur on long petioles and are ovate in shape. The leaves are simple and alternate , glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, often diamond-shaped, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Amaranthus, collectively known as amaranth, is a cosmopolitan genus of herbs. 686 pp. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. 12, p. 1902. Also, the ability of Amaranthus dubius and Amaranthus hybridus to bioconcentrate several mineral elements was proved [ ]. April 2012. In general, plants in the genus Amaranthus are difficult to identify to species, but this one is an exception to the rule. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. Spiny amaranth, prickly amaranth, spiny pigweed (En). Mitteleur. Fans of snapdragons will admire the similarities of this plant with its lovely white flowers that are overlaid with reddish-lilac bracts for an interesting clash of colors. ©Bruce Ackley/The Ohio State University/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US Seedling: Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seedling. A lovely upright Amaranthus, Green Thumb is a compact shrub, excellent for borders or containers. 6.Amaranth Spinosus: This type of plant is also called “prickly amaranthus” and “spiky amaranthus” it is due to its small thorny bush on the stem. Approximately 60 species are recognized, with inflorescence and foliage ranging from purple and red to gold. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). The weight of 1000 seeds is 140–250 mg. Freshly collected seeds may germinate at temperatures as high as 40°C, with a germination rate of up to 95%. Amaranthus spinosus . Folks usually add shoots and stem in soups or cook with other vegetables, leaves may be eaten as salads, while its seed could be eaten raw. (Editors). The database and code is licensed under a Flowers are very small and having long stamens. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Amaranthus retroflexus. 5: 269. The panicle is harvested 200 days after cultivation with approximately 1,000 to 3,000 seeds harvested per gram. Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. Green Amaranthus Spinosus. thorny amaranth. The leafy vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus) is a potent inhibitor of calcium availability and retention in rice-based diets. • Lemmens, R.H.M.J. 1983. Flowering begins mid-summer and continues until autumn frosts induce senescence. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Seed Fruit. Habit. Amaranthus spinosus . Volume 5, Families S–Z, Addenda. CrossRef ; Google Scholar; Hugo, E. Saayman-Du Toit, A.E.J. Description of Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) – Kanta chaulai.It has many medicinal properties like astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge, galactogogue etc. This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. Seeds are circular form from 1-1.5 millimeters in diameter and range in color with a shiny, smooth seed coat. Leaf type is simple, discoloured and arranged alternately. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. Fast Facts. It is multi branched, smooth, angled with longitudinal lines and brownish- green in colour . This summer annual can be found flowering from May through October. Seedling with epigeal germination; cotyledons leafy, glabrous, apex rounded to slightly acute; hypocotyl up to 12 mm long, epicotyl absent. Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Netherlands License. Amaranthaceae. RESEARCH: The essential oil of Amaranth spp. Ken Fern, Amaranthus spinosus. 991. Pest Management Science, Vol. Amaranthus spinosus L., Sp. Seeds germinate best with light, so tillage is a way to help control this annual invasive. Amaranthus spinosus var . Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Seeds are dispersed by water & have long viability. lowers cholesterol in hamsters and the seeds of Amaranthus esculantus lowers cholesterol in rats [Berger 2003; Chaturvedi 1993]. After storage, however, temperature requirements are lower. Madipakkam, Chennai Plot 23, 1st Street, AGS Colony, Puzhathivakkam, Madipakkam, Chennai - 600091, Dist. Flower… Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. basiscissus Thell. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Seeds (left), enclosed in persistent calyx (right) About. Stems and leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance. Effects of after-harvest period and environmental factors on seed dormancy of Amaranthus species. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Fruit an oblong capsule with persisting styles, circumscissile a little below the middle or indehiscent, 1-seeded. Richard Morris. Amaranthus palmeri ist in Nordamerika ursprünglich vom Südwesten der USA bis in den Norden Mexikos verbreitet. A. spinosus produces male and female flowers on the same plant and is self compatible. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Verified Supplier . Despite the reputed high nutritional value of the leaves. Note scale. ... Like all amaranths, it produces a huge amount of seed, sometimes over 100,000 per plant. The weight of 1000 seeds is 140–250 mg. Freshly collected seeds may germinate at temperatures as high as 40°C, with a germination rate of up to 95%. Amaranthus spinosus Linnaeus: Common Name: Spiny Amaranth; Thorny Amaranth: Habitat: Disturbed areas. A lovely upright Amaranthus, Green Thumb is a compact shrub, excellent for borders or containers. The leaves grow from 1 1/4 to 2 1/2 inches in length. 2014. Older plants become fairly stout and have a woody texture. 7.Amaranth Cruentus: It is a green variety of plants that may sometimes appear in beautiful shades of cinnamon, purple, red, and ginger. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb : Duration: Annual: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: AMSP: Plant Notes: Spiny Amaranth is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae). Stems. 2002. Name: Amaranthus - Green Thumb: Botanical Name: Amaranthus hypochondriacus: Life Cycle: Annual: Color: Green / Dark Green Foliage: Bloom … Flora of North America: Flora of North America Floristic Rating: Wetland Indicator = FACU USDA Plants Database: Federal Distribution and detailed information including photos USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS): Images of seeds, fruits, embryos, etc. 12, p. 1902. Amaranth Starches Ask Price. Each Amaranthus plant can carry tens of thousands of flower seeds, and it will self-seed very easily. Grow Heirloom Amaranth -Plant Green Thumb Amaranthus Seeds. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(1). Distribution - Weed found throughout the Philippines at lowlands and low altitudes, in open waste place, gregarious and abundant along sand bars and margins of streams. Stems angled or with longitudinal lines or ridges, green or brown, leaves alternate, broadly lance late to ovate, discolors, conspicuously veined beneath, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide. USA. 2nd Edition. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. Amaranthus spinosus L. In: de Padua, L.S., Bunyapraphatsara, N. & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. Reproduction and dispersal. Amaranthus (Amaranthus Caudatus Red) - Commonly known as Love Lies Bleeding, these unique flowers are extremely hardy, and they can grow just about anywhere from flower seed. apart. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, [1] spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Amaranthus spinosus is an annual found in areas such as Tropical America. A small plant can produces plenty of small brownish seeds and those can easily disperse with wind. It blooms all summer long! Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall[299. Amaranth seeds can be started indoors as well about three to four weeks before the last frost date. Photographs taken off Main St., Ellington, MO., 7-18-04. 70, Issue. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. Volume 1, Families A–D. When posting your comment, it will take some time before it will become visible. April 2012. Amaranthus spinosus is an Annual herb with multi-branched, smooth, herbaceous annual growing to 2 ft. If seeds of Amaranthus spinosus are not available in the quantity you need Please click here. Flowering i… The two upright varieties, Green Thumb and Pygmy Torch have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. No genuine homologs/orthologs have been identified outside the genus Amaranthus.Amaranthins are homodimers built up of 33 kDa protomers (Figure 1). The seedheads occur in clusters at the ends of stems arising from the leaf axils. Amaranthus spinosus ← → Other Common Names: prickly amaranth. Amaranthus spinosus var. Flowers of Thorny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) are typical Amaranth flower that blooms as a cluster. KRVM Herbs. Amaranthus spinosus / Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana) It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Br J Nutr. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. In cooler regions, spiny amaranth does not grow as rapidly as other pigweeds. Seeds are minute, black and shining. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. Contact Supplier Request a quote. Invasive Weeds: Spiny Amaranth, Amaranthus spinosus. The seeds are nutritious and can be made into a flour. Origins: Native to tropical America (Randall, 2002). & Bunyapraphatsara, N., 1999. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Flowers unisexual, solitary in the axil of a bract, subtended by 2 bracteoles; bracts and bracteoles scarious, mucronate from a broad base, shorter or as long as the perianth; male flowers usually arranged in a terminal spike above the base of the inflorescence, green; tepals 5 or in male flowers often 3, free, subequal, ovate-oblong to oblong-spatulate, up to 2.5 mm long, very convex, membranous, with transparent margins and green or purple median band; male flowers with 5 stamens about as long as tepals; female flowers with superior, oblong ovary, 1-celled, styles 2–3, ultimately recurved. - Probably introduced; now, pantropic. Seed about 1 mm in diameter, shiny black or brownish-black with thin margin. [2] Contents. Latin name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Spiny Amaranth: The seed is used as a poultice for broken bones. The stout spines at the nodes are diagnostic. Amaranthus spinosus is definitely one of those plants you love to hate. Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extracts of amaranth seeds. How to Grow Amaranth Note scale. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 960 pp. Amaranthus spinosus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). Amaranthus (Amaranthus Caudatus Red) - Commonly known as Love Lies Bleeding, these unique flowers are extremely hardy, and they can grow just about anywhere from flower seed. Spiny amaranth is primarily a weed of pastures and hay fields, and occurs less often in agronomic crops and turfgrass. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. EPSPSamplification in glyphosate-resistant spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). Flower Seed Head. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. Compositios of dry weight leaves in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food The term amaranthin, which was originally introduced for the Amaranthus caudatus seed lectin, is now used as a collective noun for a small group of closely related lectins found in different Amaranthus species. There are several weeds that it is nearly impossible to eliminate and this is one of them. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Grow Heirloom Amaranth -Plant Green Thumb Amaranthus Seeds. pp. on December 6, 2016. Company Video. A. spinosus is a serious weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The erect branching stems can exceed 5 feet in height. by Melody Rose (melody) August 27, 2016. 4/10. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Leaves. 70, Issue. USA. Seed germination and seedling emergence response of these species to various environmental factors was determined in laboratory and screenhouse experiments. Leaves . Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. Fl. Identifying Characteristics. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Amaranthus spinosus is propagated by seed. Pest Management Science, Vol. Call +91-8048601536. Spiny pigweed is an annual native to tropical America but has spread into the eastern US and California where it inhabits disturbed areas including cultivated fields, roadsides, and lawns. We love Amaranthus seeds for the flame like blooms as seen in Pygmy's Torch and Green Thumb, or the drooping elephant (think Snuffleupagus) tusk-like draping quality of the blooms on Viridis or Love Lies Bleeding. Amaranthus spinosus spiny amaranth This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Moerman, Daniel E. 1986. Amarant (Amaranthus), auch Fuchsschwanz genannt, manchmal auch Amaranth geschrieben, ist eine Pflanzengattung innerhalb der Familie der Fuchsschwanzgewächse (Amaranthaceae). It is also known as Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus frumentaceus, Amaranto, Chua, Amaranthus leucocarpus, Red Cockscomb, Velvet Flower. Ecology. A. spinosus is edible and is best picked as a young plant. I remember my grandpa digging them on here on the farm when I was a kid. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall. They are a never-ending battle because not only do they produce a lot of seed (around 100,000 per plant), but their seeds remain viable for many years. Spiny and slender amaranth are troublesome Amaranthaceae species of direct-seeded rice and other upland crops in many Asian countries. 1753.. Anuales, 0.3 1 m de alto, tallos erectos, glabros; monoicas. Amaranthus also provides a unique and wonderful texture for floral arrangements. So trat sie ab 1962 in Arkansas, ab 1963 in Nebraska, ab 1966 in South Carolina, ab 1967 auch in Florida auf. B and T World Seeds' reference number: 21356: The average, annual, minimum temperature zone where Amaranthus spinosus is cold hardy USDA Zone:10 30° to 40°F (-1° to +4.5°C) Type of plant - annual: Flower or inflorescence: GREEN to RED-PURPLE, 15x1cm. Weeds and Their Control: Spiny Pigweed (Amaranthus spinosus) by Karen. Inflorescence consisting of dense clusters, lower ones axillary, higher ones often collected in an axillary and terminal spike which is often branched in its lower part; axillary clusters usually armed with (1–)2(–3) very sharp spines up to 2 cm long. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Other authors reported the e ect and accumulation of heavy metals by amaranth in saline soils [ ]. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa ... An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.]. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Annual, erect, monoecious herb, up to 100(–130) cm tall, much branched; stem terete or obtusely angular, glabrous or slightly pubescent, green or variably suffused with purple. Amaranth Starch … Once the amaranth seeds have sprouted, they should be thinned to about 18 inches (46 cm.) Weed Description A summer annual that is very similar in appearance to other pigweeds but has spines along the stems. Habit. Alayon (If.) A. caudatus and A. paniculatus seeds are antioxidant [Klimczak 2002]. The bulk of the Amaranth Seed is its Starch consisting of 50-65 % by weights of unique type. Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent; petiole approximately as long as leaf-blade; blade ovate-lanceolate to rhomboid, 3.5–11 cm × 1–4.5 cm, acute and often slightly decurrent at base, obtuse, rounded or slightly retuse and often short mucronate at apex, entire, glabrous or slightly pubescent on veins when young. Spiny amaranth thrives in rich, warm, loamy soils with high organic matter and sufficient nitrogen (N), and can produce up to 235 thousand seeds per plant (Holm et al., 1991). Sawant ... Amaranthus spinosus forma circumscissus Amaranthus spinosus Linnaeus, forma circumscissus Thellung, in Ascherson et al., Syn. In Khmer language, it is called pti banlar and in Vietnamese giền and its ash was historically used as a grey cloth dye. Nahrung. Alternate names Spiny Pigweed. Fields, roadsides, along railroad tracks, stock pens. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m. The stem is smooth, robust, cylindrical and often reddish. Top 10 … Love Lies Bleeding Seeds Quick View. Nutrition Value of Amaranthus spinosus. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) – complete detail. Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The plant is astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, febrifuge and galactogogue. Red-root pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) seeds and capsuleOpen New Window Habitat Commonly as a weed of cultivation, waste ground and roadsides, also occurring in open grassland and in wet ground by swamps and along rivers; 0–1820 m. Distribution Figures Fig. NOTES ‘N … Medicinal Plants of Native America. Jun;46(3):184-6. A member of the Amaranthaceae family, Amaranthus spinosus L is also known by its common name of Spiny Amaranth. We love Amaranthus seeds for the flame like blooms as seen in Pygmy's Torch and Green Thumb, or the drooping elephant (think Snuffleupagus) tusk-like draping quality of the blooms on Viridis or Love Lies Bleeding. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Iron, lead, and zinc concentrations Some types are known to produce 235,000 seeds per plant. A member of the Amaranthaceae family, Amaranthus spinosus L is also known Amaranthus spinosus is an annual found in areas such as Tropical America. Amaranthus spinosus is propagated by seed. • Burkill, H.M., 2000. Kawela Bridge, Molokai, Hawaii, USA. Plant Details Taxonomy: Amaranthus spinosus L. Family Amaranthaceae (also placed in Chenopodiaceae) Common names: needle burr, spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Smooth Pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus) Tumble Pigweed (Amaranthus albus) Prostrate pigweed (Amaranthus blitoides) Common Waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) and Tall Waterhemp (A. tuberculatus) References Cited. The edges are without lobes. General Information Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall ... (Amaranthus spinosus): a case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). 1914. Akum (Mag.)