The plantation and the ghetto were created by those who had power, both to confine those who had no power and to perpetuate their powerlessness. It is an aspect of their sense of superiority that the white people of America believe they have so little to learn… Reverend Dr. Hoover, who pastors the largest church in Cleveland, who's here today, and all of the ministers got together and got behind this program. Negro insect and rodent exterminators, as well as janitorial services, were likewise excluded from major contracts with chain stores. This is the power of Operation Breadbasket. P: (650) 723-2092  |  F: (650) 723-2093  |  kinginstitute@stanford.edu  |  Campus Map. %���� He spent a long period in isolation, living in a rented residence in Jamaica with no telephone, composing the book. They are too poor even to rise with the society, too impoverished by the ages to be able to ascend by using their own resources. (Yeah) Let us be dissatisfied. (Yes) When our days become dreary with low-hovering clouds of despair (Well), and when our nights become darker than a thousand midnights (Well), let us remember (Yes) that there is a creative force in this universe working to pull down the gigantic mountains of evil (Well), a power that is able to make a way out of no way (Yes) and transform dark yesterdays into bright tomorrows. ", We did that. that we must honestly face the fact that the movement must address itself to the question of restructuring the whole of American society. Have not our weary feet (Yes) And the courage with which he confronted enraged mobs dissolved the stereotype of the grinning, submissive Uncle Tom. Now there are many other things that I could tell you, but time is passing. And this program, so ably directed by Mrs. Dorothy Cotton, Mrs. Septima Clark, and their staff of eight persons, continues to cover ten southern states. For through violence you may murder a murderer, but you can't murder murder. But there is nothing wrong with power if power is used correctly. (Well) It will give us the courage to face the uncertainties of the future. (That's right) Through violence you may murder a hater, but you can't murder hate through violence. (Yes, That’s right) We made our government write new laws to alter some of the cruelest injustices that affected us. For this, we can feel a legitimate pride. [applause]. Now, in order to answer the question, "Where do we go from here?" We aren't going to throw any bricks in the window. (Yes) And I am still convinced [applause], and I'm still convinced that it is the most potent weapon available to the Negro in his struggle for justice in this country. And in the thinking of that day, the absence of worldly goods indicated a want of industrious habits and moral fiber. (Those schools) One-twentieth as many Negroes as whites attend college. Let us be dissatisfied (Well) until every state capitol (Yes) will be housed by a governor who will do justly, who will love mercy, and who will walk humbly with his God. And the Negro did not do this himself; it was done to him. What used to be primarily a voter registration staff is actually a multifaceted program dealing with the total life of the community, from farm cooperatives, business development, tutorials, credit unions, etcetera. Negroes in desperate need of allowing their mental buckets to sink deep into the wells of knowledge were confronted with a firm "no" when they sought to use the city libraries. Indeed, one of the great problems that the Negro confronts is his lack of power. We gained manhood in the nation that had always called us "boy." And you are always telling us to lift ourselves by our own bootstraps, and yet we are being robbed every day. Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community is the last book Martin Luther King, Jr. penned before his assassination in 1968. The dignity of the individual will flourish when the decisions concerning his life are in his own hands, when he has the assurance that his income is stable and certain, and when he knows that he has the means to seek self-improvement. Martin Luther King, Jr., just prior to making his final public appearance to address striking Memphis sanitation workers. This effort resulted in a number of jobs, which will bring almost five hundred thousand dollars of new income to the Negro community a year. Come to the place It will give our tired feet new strength as we continue our forward stride toward the city of freedom. Even where the door has been forced partially open, mobility for the Negro is still sharply restricted. At best, the riots have produced a little additional anti-poverty money allotted by frightened government officials and a few water sprinklers to cool the children of the ghettos. projects. Now we must develop progress, or rather, a program—and I can't stay on this long—that will drive the nation to a guaranteed annual income. © Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305. We've come a long way in our understanding of human motivation and of the blind operation of our economic system. martin luther king, jr. beacon press boston. which is our theme, we must first honestly recognize where we are now. (All right) These are the triple evils that are interrelated. Felt in the days Yet, he built the spanning bridges and the grand mansions, the sturdy docks and stout factories of the South. In consequence, Negroes are still impoverished aliens in an affluent society. Let us be dissatisfied (Yes) until those who live on the outskirts of hope are brought into the metropolis of daily security. They refused to give us all of the information that we requested, and we said in substance, "Mr. Sealtest, we're sorry. Stream Martin Luther King, Jr. - Where Do We Go From Here (Full Speech) by August33 from desktop or your mobile device. And you see, my friends, when you deal with this you begin to ask the question, "Who owns the oil?" (Oh yeah) Whatsoever a man soweth (Yes), that (Yes) shall he also reap." (That’s right) Nowhere have the riots won any concrete improvement such as have the organized protest demonstrations. Where Do We go From Here: Chaos or Community? These several interrelated aspects of economic development, all based on the power of organized consumers, hold great possibilities for dealing with the problems of Negroes in other northern cities. I'm ashamed of the people who were so sinful to make me a slave." It became the richest, most powerful society in the history of man, but it left the Negro far behind. (Yes), To offset this cultural homicide, the Negro must rise up with an affirmation of his own Olympian manhood. I want to say to you as I move to my conclusion, as we talk about "Where do we go from here?" We aren't going to burn your store down. And Negroes have half the income of whites. What I'm trying to get you to see this morning is that a man may be self-centered in his self-denial and self-righteous in his self-sacrifice. (Speak) I have to reject that. Stores which denied employment were boycotted; voter registration increased by thousands. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929–1968), Nobel Peace Prize laureate and architect of the nonviolent civil rights movement, was among the twentieth century’s most influential figures. Without recognizing this we will end up with solutions that don't solve, answers that don't answer, and explanations that don't explain. As a result of our tenant union organizing, we have begun a four million dollar rehabilitation project, which will renovate deteriorating buildings and allow their tenants the opportunity to own their own homes. And the beautiful thing is that we aren't moving wrong when we do it, because John was right, God is love. Now a lot of us are preachers, and all of us have our moral convictions and concerns, and so often we have problems with power. Today another curious formula seems to declare he is fifty percent of a person. [applause]. It’s a series of essays in which Dr. King addresses the status of the Civil Rights movement, its progress, what has held it … We must stand up amid a system that still oppresses us and develop an unassailable and majestic sense of values. (Yes, Go ahead) And the kingdom of brotherhood is found neither in the thesis of communism nor the antithesis of capitalism, but in a higher synthesis. love all black. Castro may have had only a few Cubans actually fighting with him and up in the hills (Yes), but he would have never overthrown the Batista regime unless he had had the sympathy of the vast majority of Cuban people. And one of the great problems of history is that the concepts of love and power have usually been contrasted as opposites, polar opposites, so that love is identified with a resignation of power, and power with a denial of love. And I say to you today, that if our nation can spend thirty-five billion dollars a year to fight an unjust, evil war in Vietnam, and twenty billion dollars to put a man on the moon, it can spend billions of dollars to put God's children on their own two feet right here on earth. (Yes) He came out of his struggle integrated only slightly in the external society, but powerfully integrated within. Negro boys and girls in dire need of recreational activities were not allowed to inhale the fresh air of the big city parks. (Well) And as we continue our charted course, we may gain consolation from the words so nobly left by that great black bard, who was also a great freedom fighter of yesterday, James Weldon Johnson (Yes): Stony the road we trod (Yes), (Yes) Any movement for the Negro's freedom that overlooks this necessity is only waiting to be buried. But things are different now. So far, this has only been offered by the nonviolent movement. (Well) But difficult and painful as it is (Well), we must walk on in the days ahead with an audacious faith in the future. (That's right) A&P refused. by King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968. That with tears has been watered. Housed in a custom half morocco clamshell box. Now, power properly understood is nothing but the ability to achieve purpose. This, in short, is an account of SCLC's work over the last year. In Atlanta, Georgia, Breadbasket has been equally successful in the South. But today, civil rights is a dominating issue in every state, crowding the pages of the press and the daily conversation of white Americans. (Yes) Power at its best [applause], power at its best is love (Yes) implementing the demands of justice, and justice at its best is love correcting everything that stands against love. Under the leadership of attorney James Robinson, we have already contracted to build 152 units of low-income housing with apartments for the elderly on a choice downtown Atlanta site under the sponsorship of Ebenezer Baptist Church. Now what has happened is that we've had it wrong and mixed up in our country, and this has led Negro Americans in the past to seek their goals through love and moral suasion devoid of power, and white Americans to seek their goals through power devoid of love and conscience. (Yes) And I'm going to talk about it everywhere I go. Of employed Negroes, seventy-five percent hold menial jobs. What is needed is a realization that power without love is reckless and abusive, and that love without power is sentimental and anemic. Where Do We Go From Here is a selection from A Call to Conscience, a milestone collection of Dr. King's most influential and best-known speeches. It is the work of men who somehow find a form of work that brings a security for its own sake and a state of society where want is abolished. Our Citizenship Education Program continues to lay the solid foundation of adult education and community organization upon which all social change must ultimately rest. And there are some 134 synonyms for whiteness and all are favorable, expressed in such words as purity, cleanliness, chastity, and innocence. Even semantics have conspired to make that which is black seem ugly and degrading. Reading it again, in the hate-filled Trump era, brings the painful recognition that in many regards the civil rights struggle has stagnated for decades. (Yes) For I have seen too much hate. Harper and Row, 49 East 33d Street, New York 16, 1967, 209 pp. When the Constitution was written, a strange formula to determine taxes and representation declared that the Negro was sixty percent of a person. Out from the gloomy past, Yes, we need a chart; we need a compass; indeed, we need some North Star to guide us into a future shrouded with impenetrable uncertainties. Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? Once they are placed in this position, we need to be concerned that the potential of the individual is not wasted. This effort resulted in something marvelous. (All right), Let us be dissatisfied (Yes) until the tragic walls that separate the outer city of wealth and comfort from the inner city of poverty and despair shall be crushed by the battering rams of the forces of justice. It’s a series of essays in which Dr. King addresses the status of the Civil Rights movement, its progress, what has held it back and what he believes it will take to move it forward. (Well) Our dreams will sometimes be shattered and our ethereal hopes blasted. Now, we got to get this thing right. This is a time for action. It is the strength required to bring about social, political, and economic change. (Yes) The most degenerate member of a family is the "black sheep." He could call on the Bible and Christian theology for comfort and support. It is not the work of slaves driven to their tasks either by the, that of a taskmaster or by animal necessities. As the oldest son and oldest living child of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King, King served as the 4th President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference from 1997 to 2004. Let us be dissatisfied (Yes), and men will recognize that out of one blood (Yes) God made all men to dwell upon the face of the earth. Please make sure to choose a rating . (Oh yeah) It is no longer possible to count the number of public establishments that are open to Negroes. Our auxiliary feature of C.E.P. ", The next day [applause], the next day the Sealtest people were talking nice [laughter], they were very humble. The chain stores also agreed to utilize these services. This pilot project was the inspiration for the new home ownership bill, which Senator Percy introduced in Congress only recently. In a few short weeks the Grenada County Movement challenged every aspect of the society’s exploitative life. New forms of work that enhance the social good will have to be devised for those for whom traditional jobs are not available. SoundCloud Martin Luther King, Jr. - Where Do We Go From Here (Full Speech) by August33 published on 2012-01-13T03:50:16Z. There have been no earth-shaking victories, but neither has there been failure. (Yes), Let us be dissatisfied until America will no longer have a high blood pressure of creeds and an anemia of deeds. And I can say to you today that as a result of Operation Breadbasket in Chicago, both of these Negro-operated banks have now more than double their assets, and this has been done in less than a year by the work of Operation Breadbasket. Dr. King wrote the book a year before his assassination, at a time when his civil-rights initiative had entered a new phase. But those who express this view always end up with stumbling words when asked what concrete gains have been won as a result. And the other thing is, I'm concerned about a better world. Where do we go from here: Chaos or community? Of the good things in life, the Negro has … And it is our feeling that in the next two or three years, we can build right here in the South forty million dollars worth of new housing for Negroes, and with millions and millions of dollars in income coming to the Negro community. What I'm talking about is far beyond communism. He faced the bullies and the guns, and the dogs and the tear gas. There is something painfully sad about a riot. Yes, I was a slave through my foreparents (That’s right), and now I’m not ashamed of that. Check out this great listen on Audible.com. Ten years ago, all too many Negroes were still harried by day and haunted by night by a corroding sense of fear and a nagging sense of nobody-ness. We have come over a way (Yes) [applause], What I'm saying today is that we must go from this convention and say, "America, you must be born again!" We put picket lines around A&P; they have a hundred and some stores in Cleveland, and we picketed A&P and closed down eighteen of them in one day. August 16th 1967 Genre Education Comment by Patrick Pickett. But this is not the most important aspect of our work. All of these problems are tied together. And while I do not have time to go into the details, I want to commend the men who have been working with it here: the Reverend Bennett, the Reverend Joe Boone, the Reverend J. C. Ward, Reverend Dorsey, Reverend Greer, and I could go on down the line, and they have stood up along with all of the other ministers. In addition, the ministers learned that Negro scavengers had been deprived of significant accounts in the ghetto. [laughter] Bob Brown sat down with A&P, and he said, they said, "Now, Mr. Brown, what would you advise us to do." With the competent professional guidance of our marvelous staff member, Miss Mew Soong-Li, Lowndes and Wilcox counties in Alabama have pioneered in developing outstanding poverty programs totally controlled and operated by residents of the area. With all the struggle and all the achievements, we must face the fact, however, that the Negro still lives in the basement of the Great Society. is a 1967 book by African-American minister, Nobel Peace Prize laureate, and social justice campaigner Martin Luther King, Jr. [applause] We also said to Sealtest, "The problem that we face is that the ghetto is a domestic colony that's constantly drained without being replenished. That's power." Find more information about: ISBN: 9780807000687 080700068X: OCLC Number: … The fact of this non-destructive rebellion was as spectacular as were its results. In other spheres, the figures are equally alarming. Let us be dissatisfied (Yes) until the dark yesterdays of segregated schools will be transformed into bright tomorrows of quality integrated education. (That's right) Yes, you may have the gift of prophecy; you may have the gift of scientific prediction (Yes sir) and understand the behavior of molecules (All right); you may break into the storehouse of nature (Yes sir) and bring forth many new insights; yes, you may ascend to the heights of academic achievement (Yes sir) so that you have all knowledge (Yes sir, Yes); and you may boast of your great institutions of learning and the boundless extent of your degrees; but if you have not love, all of these mean absolutely nothing. And so Operation Breadbasket has a very simple program, but a powerful one. (Yeah) My inspiration didn't come from Karl Marx (Speak); my inspiration didn't come from Engels; my inspiration didn't come from Trotsky; my inspiration didn't come from Lenin. Through Operation Breadbasket we have now achieved for the Negro community of Chicago more than twenty-two hundred new jobs with an income of approximately eighteen million dollars a year, new income to the Negro community. Martin Luther King, Jr. was sustained by a religious faith I do not share. The poor, transformed into purchasers, will do a great deal on their own to alter housing decay. 3 0 obj<>stream April 4, 1968: Rev. And so we still have a long, long way to go before we reach the promised land of freedom. A white lie is better than a black lie. Let us be dissatisfied (All right) until men and women, however black they may be, will be judged on the basis of the content of their character, not on the basis of the color of their skin. [applause] If you are seeking the highest good, I think you can find it through love. (All right, That’s right) Darkness cannot put out darkness; only light can do that. $4.95 This is our hope for the future, and with this faith we will be able to sing in some not too distant tomorrow, with a cosmic past tense, "We have overcome! First, we must massively assert our dignity and worth. It was this meeting that gave birth to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. (Yes) We have overcome! And if you will let me be a preacher just a little bit. For more than half of his American history, he was enslaved. 2020-01 … (Yes) As long as the mind is enslaved, the body can never be free. [applause], MLKEC, INP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Estate Collection, In Private Hands, NYC-22A, 22B & 22C, Cypress Hall D, 466 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305-4146 If not, we're going to boycott your whole store." And when you begin to ask that question, you are raising a question about the economic system, about a broader distribution of wealth. 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