The centre was Ronneburg (Ronneburg, Thuringia) next to Gera in eastern Thuringia and the operating company Wismut (Wismut (mining company)) was under direct Soviet rule. Thuringia is surrounded by the states of Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. Thuringia is known for its nickname, “the green heart of Germany,” because of the dense forest that envelops the land. It is well known how that story ended and we do not need to comment on that any further. The name Thuringia or Thüringen derives from the Germanic tribe Thuringii, who emerged during the Migration Period. more, Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites, Specialty Museums, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Science Museums, Specialty Museums, Observatories & Planetariums, Specialty Museums, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Art Museums. Weimar is most well-known for its cultural heritage. The '''Free State of Thuringia''' ( ) is a federal state (States of Germany) of Germany, located in the central part of the country. 15763 schleswig-holstein, 16171 thüringeen, 18416 sachsen Originally the western part of the Landgraviate (Landgrave) of Thuringia, in the mid 13th century it was inherited by the younger son of Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and became a distinct political entity. Thuringia's only wine-growing district is situated around Bad Sulza north of Weimar and Jena along the Ilm (Ilm (Thuringia)) and Saale valley. There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Thuringia. Its production is marketed as Saale-Unstrut wines. Traditional private peasant agriculture is an exception, as is organic farming. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. On the other hand, most of the main lines got refurbished after 1990 to grant relatively high travel velocity. The unemployment rate reached a peak around 2005. She was a German Glass Chemist.. 2319000 thüringen, 2451000 saxony-anhalt, 7996942 lower saxony, 10736000 baden-wurttemberg There he, together with Johann von Burgk, edited his first master, a collection of sacred songs, called, was turned down due to opposition of the states and concerns of the government. Only the segment west of Erfurt of the Frankfurt-Dresden line will stay in use for ICE trains after 2017, but an increase of velocity to 200 km h is planned here (now: 160 km h). This ''Hendricus'' belonged to the class of minor knights and presumably originated from the castle of Morungen near Sangerhausen. Germany East German athlete (Athletics (sport)), winner of 400 m hurdles at the 1980 Summer Olympics. We have reviews of the best places to see in Thuringia. Other historians argue that the Thuringians were allies of the Huns, came to central Europe together with them, and lived before in what is Galicia today. If you plan to do a day trip the '''"Thüringen-Ticket"''' might just be what you are looking. It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most well-known hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof making it a well-known winter sports destination. 54% of Thuringia's territory is in agricultural use. 2551000 brandenburg, 2832912 schleswig-holstein, 3402312 berlin Saint Hedwig was her mothers sister and St. Isabel of Portugal was her great-niece. Biography The most common trees are spruce, pine and beech. It was the first republic to be established on German soil (The Weimar Republic, 1919). Weimar is Thuringia's fourth largest city, with a population of 64,000 (as of June 2006). During the 1930s, the first two Autobahns were built across the Land: The Bundesautobahn 4 as an important east-west connection in central Germany and the main link between Berlin and south-west Germany and the Bundesautobahn 9 as the main north-south route in eastern Germany, connecting Berlin with Munich. Both worked also in the famous University of Jena nearby, which now hosts the most important centre of science in Thuringia. Thuringia often doesn’t make it on the list of places in Germany to visit, which is hard to believe considering how much the heart of Germany has to offer in terms of historical sites and natural landscapes. The Bundesautobahn 38 is another west-east connection in the north of Thuringia running from Göttingen via Heiligenstadt (Heilbad Heiligenstadt) and Nordhausen to Leipzig. Forestry plays an important role in Thuringia, because 32% of the Thuringian territory is forested. A lot of famous people visited it over time and lots of historical events happened there. Royalty. In his company, Eccard is said to have visited Paris, but in 1574, he was again at Mühlhausen, where he resided for four years. Marga Faulstich (1915 - 1998) #Glass Chemist Marga Faulstich was born on 16-06-1915 in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany. Between 1950 and 1990 uranium mining was also important to cover the Soviet Union's require for this metal. The only one with public aviation is the Erfurt–Weimar Airport next to Erfurt. Visit top-rated & … Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Thuringia, Germany on Tripadvisor: See 18,695 traveler reviews and photos of Thuringia tourist attractions. The oldest known reference to a Thuringian sausage is located in the Thuringian State Archive in Rudolstadt in a transcript of a bill from an Arnstadt convent from the year 1404. Most of Thuringia is within the watershed of the Saale, a left tributary of the Elbe, and has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century due to the dense forest covering the land. The upgrading of Bundesstraßen is an emphasis within the Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2015 (federal street building programme 2015), with many projects along the Bundesstraße 247 from Gotha to Leinefelde to better Mühlhausen's connection, the Bundesstraße 19 from Eisenach to Meiningen for improving Bad Salzungen's and Schmalkalden's connection same as along Bundesstraße 88 and Bundesstraße 281 for strengthening the Saalfeld Rudolstadt region. Search US census records for Thuringia Between 1950 and 2000, most of the secondary railways got abandoned, so that Thuringia's network today is only half as long as in 1940. of Hungary and his first wife Gertrude of Andechs-Meran. The A 4 from Frankfurt runs via Eisenach, Gotha, Erfurt, Weimar, Jena and Gera to Dresden across Thuringia and links the Land's most important cities. One of its most famous student was Martin Luther. The most important railways are the Thuringian Railway, connecting Halle (Halle (Saale)) and Leipzig via Weimar, Erfurt, Gotha and Eisenach with Frankfurt and Kassel and the Saal Railway from Halle Leipzig via Jena and Saalfeld to Nuremberg. It is in use for holiday flights to the Mediterranean and other touristic regions. What is an Erfurt "Puffbohne" bean? Regular flights are carried out via the major airports around like Frankfurt Airport, Berlin Brandenburg Airport and Munich Airport. "We will only send Ramelow to the election if we have a democratic majority for him," said … The state's most famous city is undeniably Weimar. Nevertheless, the demographic transition in Thuringia leads to a lack of workers in some branches, which is a growing problem. The decrease is caused on the one hand by the emergence of new jobs and on the other hand by the strong shrinkage of population in working age, caused by various demographic effects. 24174 mecklenburg-vorpommern, 29479 brandenburg, Eccard was born at Mühlhausen, Thuringia, Germany. photo: Christoph Petras, 2011. Most of Thuringia is within the watershed of the Saale, a left tributary of the Elbe (Elbe River). Otto Dix Haus We have reviews of the best places to see in Thuringia. Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" (''das grüne Herz Deutschlands'') from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. Traditional branches like production of glass, porcelain and toys collapsed during the economic crises between 1930 and 1990. She was an actress, known for Das Halstuch (1962), Rosen im Herbst (1955) and The Mysterious Magician (1964). The economic progress is quite different between the regions of Thuringia. Left and Greens in Thuringia, however, are urging the CDU not only to abstain from a new vote, but at least partially to vote for Ramelow in order to secure a majority without AfD. Important products are apples, strawberries, cherries and plums in the fruit sector, cabbage, potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes (grown in greehouses), onions, cucumbers and asparagus in the vegetable sector, as well as maize, rapeseed, wheat, barley and sugar beets in the crop sector. The remains Her childhood was spent in Romania and Bulgaria, where she attended a Russian school. Furthermore, there is a tight network of Bundesstraßen complementing the Autobahn network and connecting regions without Autobahns. Things to Do in Thuringia, Germany: See Tripadvisor's 19,604 traveller reviews and photos of Thuringia tourist attractions. Thuringia is surrounded by the German states of Lower Saxony to the northwest, Saxony-Anhalt to the northeast, Saxony to the southeast, Bavaria to the south, and Hessen to the west. Therefore, many Thuringians are working in other German Lands and even in Austria and Switzerland as weekly commuters. Frankish Queen and Patron Saint of Poitiers, weavers and potters. In 2017, a new high speed line will be opened in Thuringia, taking over the long-distance trains from the mid-19th century lines. 755264 hamburg. The unemployment rate reached its peak in 2005 with an amount of 20%. Both mined a significant amount of the world's potash production in the mid-20th century. She made her singing debut in 1971 in East Berlin with the band Die Cropies. Other major cities in Thuringia are Weimar, Jena, Eisenach and Nordhausen. Until 1920, many secondary railways were built, so that Thuringia had one of the tightest rail networks in the world before World War II with about 2,500 kilometres. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. Thuringia is Germany's only land without connection to waterways, because, suhllokal art2440,704802 title Rollenspiele abseits des wirklichen Lebens work Freies Wort page 13 date 2007-09-08 author Heike Hüchtemann language German accessdate 2009-05-20, ''' is a municipality in the district Altenburger Land, in Thuringia, Germany. The most common language in Thuringia is German with its slight regional accent. With industrialisation the old iron, copper and silver mines declined, because the competition of imported metal was to strong. It is home to a group of four ancient cities and the Wartburg Castle – recognized as the most important castle in Germany; Rennsteig, the most popular hiking trail in the country; and Oberhof, a famous winter resort. The transportation infrastructure was in very bad condition after the GDR period. Furthermore, three new Autobahns were built during the 1990s and 2000s. The Leipzig–Altenburg Airport next to Altenburg was in use between 2003 and 2011 for Ryanair flights. This branch’s dynastic lineage collapsed into a series of independent states which were properly known as the Ernestine duchies. 4054081 rheinland-pfalz, 4261896 sachsen, 6078000 hessen, It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most famous hiking trail, and the winter resort of Oberhof. Looking to expand your search outside of Thuringia? As a "retired knight" (''miles emeritus'') he received from his patron, Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen, a pension for his ''"high personal merits"'' (''alta suae vitae merita''). After two years at university, she broke off her linguistics studies; however, her application to the Hans Eisler Music Academy, trains mainly serve the Nuremberg area, but also travel to other parts of Bavaria as well as Baden-Württemberg, Thuringia and into the Czech Republic to Prague. Highest rated places of interest or tour operators on Tripadvisor, based on traveler reviews. Possibly he is identical with the ''Hendricus de Morungen'' who is documented in Thuringia. There are many wood and pulp-paper factories next to the forested areas. The fertile basins such as the large Thuringian Basin or the smaller Goldene Aue, Orlasenke and Osterland are in intensive use for growing cereals, vegetables, fruits and energy crops. An older theory claims that they were successors of the Hermunduri, but later research rejected the idea. It is also a famous location for nature and winter sports. He transferred, Other destinations From cheap options to luxurious stays, you can … The cities were surrounded by large, regular villages, whose construction varied depending on the nature of their creation. Nevertheless, they are more important than in the most other areas of Germany, especially within rural regions. 47624 niedersachsen, 70549 bayern, Nowadays it's the residence of the President of Thuringia. Top Thuringia Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in Thuringia, Germany on Tripadvisor. The Bundesautobahn 71 crosses the Land in southwest-northeast direction, connecting Würzburg via Meiningen, Suhl, Ilmenau, Arnstadt, Erfurt and Sömmerda with Sangerhausen Halle (Halle (Saale)). [3] Until 2004, Thuringia was one of the weakest regions within the European Union. Same as the most other regions in central and southern Germany Thuringia has a significant industrial sector until today, reaching back to the mid-19th-century industrialisation. The accession of several new countries, the crisis in southern Europe and the constant growth in Germany since 2005 led to the fact, that Thuringia is ranked within the EU average by now. We have suggestions. In 531 Clotaire defeated the thuringians and sent Radegunde to his kingdom. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. All sorts of travellers visit Thuringia, and hotels are available to accommodate that wide variety. Their origin is largely unknown. Germany has won more Winter Olympics gold medals than any other country in the last 20 years, and half of Germany's all-time total of 136 Winter Olympic gold medals (through the Sochi games in 2014) have been won by Thuringian athletes. At the age of eighteen he went to Munich, where he became the pupil of Orlando Lasso. One of the most well-known hiking routes in Europe, the so-called Rennsteig, runs along the crest of the mountain range for a length of 168 km. In the classical period, Goethe and Schiller lived at Weimar. It is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's most famous hiking trail (hiking), and the winter resort of Oberhof (Oberhof, Germany). At Hermsdorf (Hermsdorf, Thuringia) junction it is connected with the A 9. Introduction. It's one of the very few fortifications survived until today in its original form. Find what to do today, this weekend or in November. Talk Thuringia, historic region and Land (state) of east-central Germany. Parish church Gelmeroda, the most important moftif in Lyonel Feininger's oeuvre. 19847 rheinland-pfalz, 20445 sachsen-anhalt, 21100 hessen, Thüringer Bachwochen Thuringian Bach Festival is celebrated at various places related to J. S. Bach and the Bach family. Especially the small and mid-sized towns in central and southwestern Thuringia (e. g. Arnstadt, Schmalkalden and Ohrdruf) are marked by a distinct industrial structure, whereas there are less industrial companies within the northern and eastern parts of the Land. Its capital, Erfurt, is home to Europe’s oldest passable bridge. After the reunification, the Südharzrevier was abandoned, whereas K+S took over the mines in the Werrarevier. A place of remembrance and a memorial to the millions killed by multiple despotic regimes. Going way back the Wettin dynasty that is associated with Saxony split into two lines in 1485. the senior line was known as the Ernestine branch and ended up in Thuringia. On the first line is an hourly ICE (Intercity-Express) IC (Intercity (Deutsche Bahn)) service from Dresden to Frankfurt and on the second also an hourly ICE service from Berlin to Munich. The main camp includes memorials to groups and individuals killed by the SS. In the early 19th century the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel was elevated, established these cities as centers of new settlement areas. Daughter of King Andrew II. To handle that, external migration to Thuringia is forced by the government since about 2010. You'll find small boutique hotels as well as well-known hotel brands with multiple rooms and high-end amenities. By Train With a land area of 16,172 km² and 2.2 million inhabitants, Thuringia (Thüringen in German) is the smallest and second least populous state of former East Germany.Its capital is Erfurt. Agriculture and forestry The ''Südharzrevier'' in the north reaches from Bischofferode in the west to Roßleben in the east with Sondershausen as centre and the ''Werrarevier'' is situated in the west on the Hessian-Thuringian border around Vacha (Vacha, Germany) and Bad Salzungen. Infrastructure As Germany's most central Land, Thuringia is an important hub of transit traffic. Famous People From Thuringia - Biography, Life, Interesting Facts The court of Thuringia was at this period famous for its magnificence. The big cities along the Bundesautobahn 4 like Erfurt, Jena and Eisenach and their surroundings are booming, whereas nearly all the rural regions, especially in the north and east are without any economic impetus and employment, which is a big issue in regional planning. This central German state is famed for its hiking trails and winter sports resorts. She received a proper education there, learned latin … Encyclopaedias listing great German minds would be sadly depleted without all those who found Thuringia a good place to spend their lives or to live and work for a while. Most of the new German towns were planned and built in a grid-like pattern with a rectangular market square in the center. The oldest known recipe dates from 1613 and is kept in the State Archive in Weimar , another is listed in the "Thüringisch-Erfurtische Kochbuch" from 1797 which also mentions a smoked variety. The wages in Thuringia are low, compared to rich bordering Lands like Hesse and Bavaria. Other Universities of this federal state (States of Germany) are the Ilmenau University of Technology (Technische Universität Ilmenau), the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar). The Erfurt University had been founded in 1392, being the 3rd oldest university in Germany. The economic transition after the German reunification in 1990 led to the closure of the most large-scale factories and companies, so that small and medium-sized ones are dominating the economic structure. It has an area of and 2.29 million inhabitants, making it the sixth smallest by area !-- 12482000 bayern, 18039847 nordrhein-westphalen. * The Thuringian Forest - national park and winter sport centre Germany has won more Winter Olympics gold medals than any other country in the last 20 years, and half of Germany's all-time total of 136 Winter Olympic gold medals (through the Sochi games in 2014) have been won by Thuringian athletes. The most important regional railways in Thuringia are the Neudietendorf–Ritschenhausen railway from Erfurt to Würzburg and Meiningen, the Weimar–Gera railway from Erfurt to Chemnitz, the Sangerhausen–Erfurt railway from Erfurt to Magdeburg, the Gotha–Leinefelde railway from Erfurt to Göttingen, the Halle–Kassel railway from Halle via Nordhausen to Kassel and the Leipzig–Hof railway from Leipzig via Altenburg to Zwickau and Hof (Hof, Bavaria). Thuringia has been known by the nickname of "the green heart of Germany" from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. Jena— town of the biggest university in Thuringia (and home to Goethe and Schiller, too) -- and the fifth smallest by population !-- The remaining young people there often have to commute to long distances, but many emigrate immediately after they finished school. Several saints belonged to her family. Transport Johann Sebastian Bach spent the first part of his life (1685–1717) and important further stages of his career in Thuringia. Thuringia's economy is marked by the economic transition that happened after the German reunification and led to the closure of most of the factories within the Land. ... From here, the famous reformer Martin Luther and the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe have shaped the world. Article 18 of the constitution enabled a new delimitation of the German territory but set high hurdles: ''Three fifth of the votes handed in, and at least the majority of the population are necessary to decide on the alteration of territory''. area: 408 bremen, 892 berlin, 2569 saarland Germany was unified into the German Empire in 1871. Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatusfirst mentioned the Thuringii around 400; during that period, the Thuringii wer… 34084 nordrhein-westphalen, 35752 baden-wurttemberg, Since 1990, many billions of Euros have been invested to improve the condition of streets and railways within Thuringia. The most regional and local trains offer hourly service, but some run only every two hours. Thuringia is known in Germany for nature and winter sports. Trout and carp are traditionally bred in aquaculture in many villages. Thuringia’s Hauptstaatsarchiv holds all of the archival materials relevant to the early Bauhaus. The Erfurt–Leipzig Halle high-speed railway will be used by both ICE lines and the Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway will be used by the Berlin-Munich line. Erfurt is also the largest city in Thuringia, with a history of more than 1200 years. The GDP of Thuringia is below the national average, like in all the former East German Lands. Since that time, it decreases down to 7% in 2013, which is only a little bit more than the national average. It is a place where a revolution of the arts heralded the dawning of a new era, and where the pioneering spirit and joy of experimentation that characterise Bauhaus and modernism are still tangible. To mark the occasion of the Bauhaus anniversary, Thuringia invites visitors on a journey to the birthplace of this famous movement. Thuringia has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grüne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. Public transport is for the most part good, fast and reliable. Agriculture and forestry have declined in importance over the decades. Highest rated places of interest or tour operators on Tripadvisor, promoting those where there is at least one tour or activity available to book on Tripadvisor. Roman Catholic Saint. Thuringia is often referred to as the green heart of Germany, a title which the state owes in part to the famed Thuringian Forest, a destination popular with hikers and winter sports enthusiasts. The Munich-Nuremberg Express provides a fast local service between the two cities over the high-speed link to Ingolstadt and Munich, offering a cheaper alternative to the ICE. * The Hainich Forest - Germany's thirteenth national park with its magnificent tree-top walk The Statthalterei palace is an impressive Renaissance landmark. On the other hand, the late 19th century brought new mines to Thuringia: The lignite surface mining around Meuselwitz next to Altenburg in the east of the Land started within the 1870s and two potash mining districts were established around 1900. Newly created settlements in land clearing areas in the southern and or forested parts of Silesia were built as ''Waldhufen villages'', in other regions either as ''Zeilen villages'', villages arranged, Economy Johann Sebastian Bach, the most famous of a large musical family, was born in Eisenach, Thuringia in 1685. Both highways were broaden from 4 to 6 lines (3 per direction) after 1990, including expensive shifts in the Eisenach and the Jena region. Tamara Danz was born on 14 December 1952 in Breitungen (Thuringia). pop: 665000 bremen, 1045555 saarland, She was married to Jörg Zimmermann.
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