It can later designate more such wetlands. #PowerofWetlands. The biggest offenders were the metropolitans of New Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai and Hyderabad, which treat wastelands as their private dumping grounds. We safeguard and restore wetlands for people and nature. With this, a total of 37 sites in the country have been recognised under the international treaty. km of built-up area. Wetlands declared as Ramsar sites are protected under strict guidelines. Wetland … Get Previous Year Questions Environment paper with solution, 2011 UPSC Prelims Questions paper and solutions, 2013 UPSC Prelims Questions paper, 2014 Prelims questions paper @ IASbaba. India joined the convention on February 1, 1982. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. Ramsar Convention is formally known as Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat. Enforcing the rules: The Wetlands Authorities are responsible for ensuring the enforcement of the Wetlands Rules and other relevant acts, rules and regulations. Two New Ramsar Sites. Recently, the Government has identified 130 wetlands for priority restoration in the next five years and asked states to submit their respective integrated management plan.. Each of these wetlands will be restored under a comprehensive scheme of the National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA) for conservation and restoration of wetlands and lakes. They work with local communities to protect and preserve the wetland regions. Following the notification of draft Wetland Rules in 2016, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) notified the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017 in order to prohibit a range of activities in wetlands. Swamps, marshes and mangroves are examples of wetlands. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands It is an international treaty for “the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands”. They get periodically get inundated with water. White storks, black-necked storks, bar-headed geese, spoonbills, etc., that have been rare sightings in the past, have started appearing. The Criteria for Identifying Wetlands of International Importance were adopted by the 7th (1999) and 9th (2005) Meetings of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, superseding earlier Criteria adopted by the 4th and 6th Meetings of the COP … It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran. The following facts are from the exam’s perspective and can be beneficial for both Prelims and Mains stage of the IAS Exam. … In 1996 Name was changed to Wetlands International and established its headquarters in the Netherlands . It would also advise the government in collaboration with the International organizations on various issues related to wetland conservation and wetland protection etc. With 2 more inclusions, the total number of Ramsar sites in India is 39, the highest in … Wetlands International. The official name of the treaty is The Convention on … The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the … b) 2 and 3. c) 1 and 3. d) 1, 2 … Designate wetlands for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance; Promote, as far as possible, the wise use of wetlands in their territory; Promote international cooperation especially with regard to transboundary wetlands, shared water systems, and shared species; Create wetland reserves; Go to top. Share your story . Under the Ramsar International Wetland Conservation treaty, wetlands are defined as: Article 1.1.: Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres. The Site (Ramsar Site no. Kolleru Lake: Confluence of Musi and Krishna: Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched? … The World Wetlands Day (WWD) is observed every year on February 2 to mark the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in the city of Ramsar in Iran in 1971. 2370) is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world, the Sundarbans, that encompasses hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets and creeks, in the delta of the Rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra on the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh.The Indian Sundarban, … Below is the compilation of questions on wetlands from last 6 years to illustrate the trend-PRELIMS 2018- Q-Which one of the following is an artificial lake? A recent phenomenon is the gathering of 100-120 sarus cranes in the lake. The recommended days for the annual AWC covers two weeks and three weekends, beginning on the first Saturday every January when we should encourage you to count waterbirds. B The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to … It would recommend the designation of wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttarakhand) have been designated as Ramsar sites, making them ‘Wetlands of International Importance’. … Continue reading "Insights into Editorial: … GK Quiz For UPSC Civil Services Exam: Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. Prelims GS Strategy; CSAT Strategy; Previous UPSC Prelims Question Paper; Books/Sources to Refer ; How to Read HINDU Newspaper; 100 Days Revision Plan-IRP 2020; 60 Day Plan for Prelims … Categories … Wetlands are the source of water that supports all forms of life. Insights into Editorial: Reconsider the Rules Context: Earlier this year, a judgment by the Uttarakhand High Court, stating that Ganga and Yamuna rivers are “living entities”, captured the national imagination. Harike Wetlands: Confluence of Beas and Sutlej: 2. The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Why in the news? According to an assessment undertaken by Wetlands International South Asia (WISA), between 1970 and 2014, cities have rapidly degraded wetlands, to the tune of 25 ha per sq. Penalties: Undertaking any prohibited or regulated activities beyond the thresholds (defined by the state/UT administration) in the wetlands or its zone of influence, will be deemed violations under the Wetlands Rules. Montreux Record is a register of wetlands sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or likely to occur. They support a flourishing community of aquatic organisms including frogs and other amphibians. if a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘montreux record’, what does it imply; Q. Q 1) Consider the following pairs : (2014) Wetlands Confluence of Rivers: 1. Being a part of the Ramsar Convention, a country will gain access to the knowledge of how to conserve and make sustainable use of the … The survival of … A country has to designate at least one of its wetlands into the list of wetlands of international importance which is also called a Ramsar list or Ramsar sites. 8.Is India a part of this convention? Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importancewhere changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Important International Conventions on Environment and Ecology -हिंदी में-UPSC CSE/ IAS Preparation - Duration: 33:44. The 2018 theme is “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future”. Guidance and Reporting. There are almost 115 wetlands that are officially identified by the central government and of those 26 are identified as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention which is an international intergovernmental treaty for conservation of wetlands. HOME; Prelims. The trend shows that every year UPSC asks one to two questions related to wetlands. Wetlands International coordinates the International Water bird census of which Asian Water bird census is an integral part. It is the only international treaty that addresses a specific ecosystem (wetland.) WETLANDS :- 1-2 Questions in UPSC Prelims Every Year- The Analysis. Comparison of wetlands conservation and management rules 2010 and 2017. The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilo meters from the edge of the wetland . Here is a quiz of 10 questions based on it with explanations and answers. New Rules: It highlights the value of wetlands in securing local … We are the global not-for-profit organisation dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. The Ramsar convention on wetlands is an international treaty which provides the framework for a National action plan and international cooperation for the conservation, protection and wise use of the wetland and its resources. There are presently 158 Contracting Parties to the Convention, with 1758 wetland sites, totaling 161 million hectares, designated for inclusion in the Ramsar List of … If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? It is worth noting that wetlands, the other major water-based ecosystem apart from rivers, are at a moment of policy transition in the country. Earlier in 2020, India designated 10 more wetlands as a Ramsar site, taking the total number from 27 to 37. Important Facts about the Ramsar Convention for UPSC. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. The updated rules will supersede the 2010 rules. Bhoj Wetland was recognized as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 2002. It is maintained as a part of the Ramsar List. Originally, the treaty focussed on the conservation of the habitats for waterbirds. Introduction: Define Wetland. Wetlands International. Ramsar Convention. … The Ramsar (city in Iran where it was ratified in 1971) Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. Ecological character of a Ramsar site may degrade because of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Ramsar Wetland Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. by IASNOVA March 20, 2019, 7:23 am 4.1k Views. In 1954, the name became International Waterfowl & Wetlands Research Bureau (IWRB). Initially wetland International were known as the International Wildfowl Inquiry. More from Us: प्रखर UPSC EPFO 2020: A 4-Month Master Course Batch-3 … 2018 World Wetland Day (WWD) February 7, 2018. A Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. In addition, the Criteria indicates that in the first instance, wetlands of international importance to waterbirds at any season should be included on the Ramsar List. India has designated Sundarban Wetland as a Wetland of International Importance, its 27th. Once a country is part of the Ramsar sites. Wetlands are ecotones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply? Wetlands International: GK, General Studies and Current Affairs. Article 2.1.: Wetlands may incorporate riparian and … The Montreaux Record is a voluntary mechanism to highlight specific wetland of international importance under the Ramsar convention, but which are facing immediate challenges.In particular, the Montreux Record is a register of listed Ramsar sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or … Upper Lake acts as the lifeline of the city supplying 40% of its potable water. Ramsar Site At the time of joining the Convention, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. It is one of the International Partner Organizations of the Ramsar Convention. Reviving wetlands is one of the most effective ways we can heal the climate. Relevance to Syllabus of UPSC GSM3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation. Check your progress with these UPSC Previous year Questions. Keoladeo Ghana: Confluence of national Park Banas and Chambal: 3. Leave a … It was signed on 2 February 1971 at Ramsar in . ; This decision came on the sidelines … It is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands. The Convention on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List. UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Wetland Conservation and Management Rules 2017. Details about important environment agreement and treaties. Sources: the Hindu. Despite our … (UPSC CSAT 2014) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference. toggle menu. Will you join us? Wetlands International’s Waterbird Population Estimates programme. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia; The specialized algae and bacteria growing in the lake provide striking water colours and support the lake ecology that, in turn, sustains the migrating waterfowl ; … (a) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu) (b) … When a party joins the convention, it has to designate at least one site for the Ramsar list. Let's Crack UPSC CSE 84,128 views 33:44 When a … a) 1 only. India is a party to the treaty. These dates are for guidance and counts from any date between the beginning of December to end February are very … From Us: प्रखर UPSC EPFO 2020: a 4-Month Master Course Batch-3 Check. For a Sustainable Urban Future ” Check your progress with these UPSC Previous year Questions.! 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