While the habitats recorded to date on the Bord na Móna bogs are to a greater or lesser extent comprised of relatively common species, there are a number of species of high conservation value that are using the cutaway bogs. Peat forms at a very slow rate – 1mm per year or 1 metre per millennium. The more common species do however create great spectacles at different times of the year – Bog Cotton (Eriophorum spp.) Bogs. Some of these are yellowlegs, Siberian cranes, caribou, beavers, and moose. Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Peat bog ploughed for tree planting . The Bord na Móna bogs have been established as ideal refuges for a range of animals, both common and rarer species such as Marsh Fritillary and Red Squirrel. Amphibians, particularly the moor frog ( Rana arvalis ), live and/or spawn in bogs; snakes enter bogs to hunt them. A number of mammal species are recorded on the cutaway bogs including commoner species such as Fox (Vulpes vulpes), Badger (Meles meles), Hare (Lepus timidus hibernicus), Rabbit (Oryctolagus cunniculus), rodent species including Pygmy Shrew (Sorex minutus), and non-native species such as Fallow Deer (Dama dama) and Grey Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis). As further data becomes available through the Bord na Móna ecology survey and surveys carried out by others such as BirdWatch Ireland on behalf of Bord na Móna, a wider picture of species diversity will emerge over the range of the Bord na Móna bogs. Find out more about the Grey Partridge. The peat underlying a Sphagnum bog is composed largely of partly decomposed moss. Berrier Farm under Trees: 100 acres of peat bog, heath and wildlife-rich grassland destroyed by tree planting. This beautiful butterfly has a chequered wing pattern resembling a stained glass window and feeds on Devil’s-bit Scabious (Succisa pratensis) which is abundant at Lullybeg. Photo courtesy of the National Parks and Wildlife Service. Turn left onto Rhodora Drive and drive straight ahead to park for the Sanctuary. This has decimated sphagnum moss populations and made the environment inhospitable for plants to grow, Worst eroding square kilometres of moorland are losing 800 tonnes carbon per year, These areas could be sequestering (taking in and storing) up to 500 tonnes carbon per year, We have developed techniques for stabilising  peat which have resulted in the successful re-vegetation of bare peat, In the first 17 years we have transformed over 33 sq km of bare peat, Installed 2,757 dams over 13 km of grips and gullies, Trained 360 Community Science Project wildlife surveyors, Attended or hosted 136 events, reaching 4,265 people, Spread 6,462 bags of heather brash over 0.31 km. Visit Google Maps to see Rhodora Drive, Amherst, NHnear the sanctuary. Climate Change. Ministers have been accused of deliberately stalling plans to ban the environmentally damaging process of burning peat bogs, in a further sign of … Posted on November 6, 2020 by Miles King . Pride of place is the rare and increasingly endangered Marsh Fritillary Butterfly. The number of breeding waders on the cutaway bogs recorded in 2009 further emphasises their importance for this group of species, all of which are of conservation concern in Ireland due to loss of suitable breeding habitat. This surveys also recorded many wetland birds, with Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) particularly widespread. A baygall is another type of bog found in the forest of the Gulf Coast states in the USA. Bleak, treeless and often shrouded in low cloud, blanket bog can seem a desolate habitat. Peat bogs are carbon sink s, meaning they store enormous amounts of carbon, in a … Red Deer have been recorded at the Oweninny bogs in Mayo; probably introduced to North West Mayo in the late 1990s for hunting. Cedar Bog is, in actuality, a “fen” and not a bog. Animal Life in a Bog Mammals like the snowshoe hare, moose, beaver, and muskrats are also found in and around bogs. It is an evocative display as it heralds the turning of the year. this type of bog as are the western lowlands, where it rains two out of every three days. Raised sphagnum moss mat in a bog. The mixture of plant and animal species living on and in peatlands are essential for the process of peat formation, thus protecting and/or restoring the peat-forming plant species, and the animals that help those plants to regenerate, is essential. Numbers recorded in 2010 exceeded 900 for Whooper Swans using the Bord na Móna East Galway bogs along the River Shannon. Grey Partridge – the cutaway bogs are proving to be very valuable areas for a range of bird species. Peatland ecosystems are the most efficient carbon sinks in the world, which means the area stores carbon and carbon-containing substances for long periods of time. Lots of bog bodies retain some or all of their original skin. Survey records by BirdWatch Ireland for winter 2009 show Whooper Swan was probably the most important species (both on a national and international level) recorded using the cutaway bog, with an estimated 245 individuals using the larger Boora area. Similarly, Heather (Calluna vulgaris) in September is so abundant on bog remnants as to turn the bog purple. Dune & … Commonly found in woodlands, including commercial conifer plantations – there have been records of Red Squirrel at the Lough Boora site in County Offaly. A fen is a wetland area that drains water, whereas a bog retains water. They are now widespread throughout the wider area. These include species listed on Annex II of the European Union Habitats Directive (e.g. After traveling 2 miles, turn left onto Stearns Road. While the habitats of the cutaway bogs are largely dominated by relatively common Irish plant species, there are some rare species or species with restricted distribution finding the cutaway bogs a suitable habitat to expand their populations. Bogs are extremely wet places, that can also be called mires, marshes or swamps.The soil in these areas is very dark and known as peat. brandtii), Brown Long-eared (Plecotus auritus) and Lesser Horseshoe Bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros). There are three main types of peatlands in the UK: blanket bog, raised bog and fenland. Heaths, larches, and black spruce, which grow fairly well on the floating bog, survive only as stunted specimens around the edges of the raised bog. Dead remains of the sphagnum mosses pile up and get pressed together to eventually form the soil we know as peat. They are usually found in glacial depressions, with restricted drainage. That applies especially to peat mosses ( Sphagnum spp . Moors for the Future Partnership is made up of organisations including the Peak District National Park Authority, National Trust, RSPB, Natural England, Environment Agency, Pennine Prospects and three water companies: United Utilities, Yorkshire Water and Severn Trent Water, From improving water quality to reducing flood risk, healthy bogs provide a host of benefits. It was also used for lamp wicks, bedding and babies’ nappies, Sphagnum moss is now used by gardeners for a variety of purposes, Damage to peatlands is caused by drainage, atmospheric pollution, peat extraction and burning, Globally, 25% of peatlands have been destroyed, 10 million tonnes of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere each year from damaged UK peatlands, Damage to peatlands results in brown water which is expensive for water companies to treat ready for us to drink, Damaged peatlands result in declining wildlife as habitat disappears, Damaged peatlands contribute to worsening climate change. Raccoons are one of the largest mammals able to make their homes in bogs, although moose, beaver, and river otters often visit bogs to feed or find shelter. Golden Plover, and Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). A wider survey is likely to reveal more species but some of the known species are Wintergreen (Pyrola rotundifolia) and Blue Fleabane (Erigeron acer). The tenth known Irish bat species; Nathusius’ Pipistrelle (P. nathusii) may also occur near larger water bodies if woodland is adjacent. A number of mammal species are recorded on the cutaway bogs including commoner species such as Fox (Vulpes vulpes), Badger (Meles meles), Hare (Lepus timidus hibernicus), Rabbit (Oryctolagus cunniculus), rodent species including Pygmy Shrew (Sorex minutus), and non-native species such as Fallow Deer (Dama dama) and Grey Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis). Those already recorded from the cutaway bogs include Common Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus), Soprano Pipistrelle (P. pygmaeus pipistrelle) and Leisler’s Bat (Nyctalus leisleri). Find out what happens when bogs are not healthy enough to provide these benefits, Our work takes into account all the habitat types in the moorland landscape, not just blanket bog, Clough woodlands are found in steep-sided ravines on the edge of open moorland. There aren't many fish in bogs because of the low levels of oxygen in the water. Otter is a protected species under European Union legislation mainly because numbers have declined sharply in other parts of Europe. Peatlands and their surrounding plant life work to trap the CO2 released by the decomposing peat. Fens are home to a great variety of animals. The most documented is the Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) project at Lough Boora, where the numbers of birds have increased from 26 to 436 through a successful and intensive management programme undertaken by the National Parks and Wildlife Service with assistance from Bord na Móna over the last ten years. 8ha) and boasts an impressive insect fauna with rare butterflies and moths. Big Bog, The Largest Peat Bog In The Lower 48, Is One Of Minnesota’s Most Fascinating Natural Wonders. Bogs are a stage in the long-term succession of some lake basins that are in the gradual process of filling in. A bog or bogland is a wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material—often mosses, and in a majority of cases, sphagnum moss. The Lullybeg site is managed by members of Butterfly Conservation Ireland who employ a number of targeted management practices such as scrub removal and managed grazing by cattle to maintain suitable habitat conditions for the breeding butterflies. Along the periphery of the bog is often a zone of open water, marsh, sedge marsh or fen. The UK has 13% of all the world’s blanket bog, Peatlands are home to rare wading birds such as dunlin, the threatened hen harrier, weird and wonderful plants like the insect-eating sundew and throngs of insects including dragonflies, large heath butterflies, emperor moths and dazzling jewel beetles, Peatland vegetation slows the flow of rainfall, helping to prevent flooding in local towns and villages, Global peatlands contain at least 550 Gigatonnes of carbon, more than twice the carbon stored in all forests, UK’s Peatlands store over three billion tonnes of carbon, around the same amount as all the forest in the UK, France and Germany put together, Peat is the single biggest store of carbon in the UK, storing the equivalent of 20 years of all UK CO, Inland water bodies including peatlands provide £1.5 billion value in terms of water quality, 70% of UK drinking water comes from upland areas dominated by peatlands, Sphagnum moss is a key component of blanket bogs, Sphagnum can hold up to 20 times its weight in water, Each kind of sphagnum moss has its own shade of colour, ranging from red, pink and orange through to green, Some grow underwater in pools and wet hollows whilst  others can survive in fairly dry conditions, Hummocks are created by sphagnum mosses growing to form large mounds up to a metre high, Some mosses grow only a few millimetres a year, while others grow over 3cm, Mosses grow from spores which are produced in fruiting bodies called capsules, Sphagnum mosses produce chemicals which increase the acidity of the water and further prevent the decay of dead plants. They provide shelter in an otherwise open landscape, Building an evidence base to underpin our work, Inspiring people to love and look after the moors, Landscape scale working unhindered by ownership boundaries, Providing homes for a wonderful array of wildlife, Healthy, well-functioning blanket bogs are less likely to burn, The moors play an important part in health and wellbeing, The unique plants on the moors slow the flow of rain off the hills, Free audio downloads to help you explore the moors on a guided walk, Enjoy and protect the moors whilst staying safe, Special plants and animals to look out for on your moorland visit, Find out about the wealth of knowledge stored locally, Find out how you can take action to reduce the risk of wildfire, Recording plants and animals whilst you are out and about, Why Tony and Jane choose to volunteer with us, Educational resources and help for teachers, Meet the people who make up Moors for the Future Partnership, Find out about the organisations who make up our partnership.
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