Cleveland Bays are now an integral part of the Royal Mews in London and can be seen drawing Royal coaches for State occasions, visits of foreign dignitaries and other events. The RBST said it used 2011–2013 registrations for the 2015 list, as not all breeds had complete data for 2014. [4] In the late 20th century, the breed again gained the attention of the United States public, and in 1985 the US association was reactivated, renamed the Cleveland Bay Society of North America. Lovely Mare for Sale. “The statement is very misleading as the plight of the Cleveland Bay is dire,” she said. The Cleveland Bay is still extremely rare, with estimated numbers worldwide ranging from 500 to 800. [20], Before the First World War, having seen the cavalry feats of mounted Boers during the Second Boer War, Britain increased its cavalry reserves. Despite these efforts, by 1962, there were only four purebred stallions left. The Cleveland Bay horses make ideal heavy weight hunters, but also possess the necessary quickness for eventing, and can be exhibited in the show ring either as in-hand, ridden or working hunters. du vendeur 5853. In order to make it easier to match pairs of horses, and to make them suitable for use during any o… Despite serious declines in the population after the Second World War, the breed has experienced a resurgence in popularity since the 1970s, although only around 550 horses existed worldwide as of 2006. The Cleveland Bay is a rare breed, and both the United Kingdom-based Rare Breeds Survival Trust and the United States-based Livestock Conservancy consider the population to be at critical limits for extinction. Cleveland Bay Horses for Sale 1-11 of 11 Results Advanced Search: Cleveland Bay Gelding. There are no significant health issues reported with the breed itself. Japan, the United States and Australia have continued to import the horses from England, and in New Zealand crosses between Cleveland Bays and native mares were in demand on cattle and sheep stations. It is the result of crossing packhorses, which were hardy, with refined breeds like the Arabian, Thoroughbred, Barb, and Andalusian. Very good paperbound. The Cleveland Bay is the oldest established breed of English Horse. [10] In 2006, an estimated 550 Cleveland Bay horses existed worldwide, of which about 220 were mares; the 2005 foal crop produced fewer than 50 horses. “The value of the Cleveland Bay as a ‘really useful horse’ seems to have been lost in our fast-moving world,” added Ms Woods. 87p, 18 ills. Called by some the "New Cleveland Bay", foreigners often could not distinguish between the two breeds, and many horses registered as Cleveland Bays in European coach horse studbooks were actually Yorkshire Coach Horses. Originally developed in the Cleveland district of Yorkshire, England, the Cleveland Bay is said to be the oldest established English horse breed, and the only horse native to Britain that does not belong to the heavy horse group. Uses. [1] This preference for brighter shades of bay was originally stated in the official breed standard, although this stipulation has since been removed. Ms Chapman added: “We need to reiterate to mare owners is that there is genuine interest in the breed now. [28] Currently, there are about 135 purebred horses in the US and Canada recorded with the North American registry. Search by Keyword. [18] Over 2,000 horses were registered with the association by 1907. During this century the type grew bigger due to better feeding, and by 1785 had developed through selective breeding into the "agricultural type" Cleveland Bay. The goal was to have a refined horse that would be able to pull carriages. The Cleveland Bay is popular for hunting, show jumping, farm work and driving. The Cleveland Bay generally stands between 16 and 16.2 hands (64 and 66 inches, 163 and 168 cm), and is always bay in colour. Cleveland Bay horses stand 16 to 16.2 hands (64 to 65 inches, or 163 to 165 cm) and weigh 1,400 to 1,500 pounds (635 to 680 kg). Son poid… [29], The Cleveland Bay is a versatile horse and is still used today for many tasks, including driving and farmwork. The addition of Thoroughbred breeding is thought responsible for Cleveland Bays born with red legs (as opposed to the black normally associated with bay horses), generally the result of a chestnut Thoroughbred sire in the family tree. [2] These medieval horses gained the nickname of "Chapman Horses" because of their use by travelling merchants known as "chapmen". [33], The Cleveland Bay was used in the creation of the Oldenburg breed, because of its stamina, strength, and jumping ability. Monzelle-Event/Jump Prospect. The Cleveland Bay is a breed of horse that originated in England during the 17th century, named after its colouring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire.It is a well-muscled horse, with legs that are strong but short in relation to the body. When crossed with Thoroughbreds, the resulting progeny are lighter and faster, but still strong and heavy of bone. They are eligible for registration with the Cleveland Bay Part Bred Registry, but must not be registered with any other registry. The Barb blood came mainly from horses imported by wealthy young men on their Grand Tour of Europe, bought off the docks in Marseilles and transported back to England. "cleveland bay" - Horses & Ponies, Rehome Loan and Sell in the UK and Ireland We found 3 'cleveland bay' adverts for you in 'horses and ponies', in the UK and Ireland Navigate to the first search result item Follow this Search Top Searches: miniature shetland ponies; donkey; friesian; shire ; arab; Navigate to the Refine Search Options Sort results by. [1], Partbred Cleveland Bays are sometimes called Cleveland Bay Sporthorses, although they are referred to by the US and UK registries as part breds. [30] The horses are used as heavy hunters, as they are powerful and able to carry a man weighing 250 pounds (110 kg) for a full day of hunting over large obstacles and through heavy clay. The Cleveland Bay Breed . [16] This original type was heavier and more draft-like than the breed of today. Le Cleveland Bay est bien musclé, doté de membres forts mais courts par rapport du corps. The popularity of the Cleveland Bay has greatly fluctuated since it was first imported to the United States in the early 19th century. The stallion was bred to pure- and part-bred mares, and within 15 years there were 36 purebred stallions in the UK. One of the very few books on the breed. [31] When show jumping was first beginning as a sport during the mid-19th century, Cleveland Bays were among the initial stars. Bright bay horses (bays with a more reddish tint than normal) are the most preferred by breeders, followed by ordinary bay, dark bay and then light bay. The Cleveland Bay Horse is a breed that was developed during the Middle Ages within the Cleveland Hills in Yorkshire, England. For additional information these horses contact info@clevelandbay.org or 817.431.8775. There are perhaps as many as 1,000 Cleveland Bay horses alive today, with about 180 purebreds in North America. Thank you for taking the time to read of our Cleveland Bay horses. [2] In some bloodlines of the breed, light, grayish hairs in the mane and tail are known as a characteristic of pure blood. Cleveland Bay horses are large, handsome horses, standing between 16-17 hands (a hand is equivalent to 10cm or 4″). Today the Cleveland Bay is still at critical numbers, with fewer than 200 left in North America. There are approximately 500-600 Cleveland Bay horses worldwide. It is through these quality animals that breed recognition is becoming known. Each country has formed its own Society and they all agree that the status of the breed is critical with 550 Cleveland Bay alive … Email: wingedhorseproductions@gmail.com - Phone: 0412 385 274 (C) 2016 - Reigate Cleveland Bay & Sporthorse Stud - Designed by: Winged Horse … A part-bred Cleveland Bay is a horse that is part Cleveland, but one or both of its parents are not of 100% Cleveland Bay heritage. With the increase of numbers of Cleveland Bay purebreds, some are competing along with breeding duties. Good hunter - jumper, … Judging from the descriptions of the earliest registered horses, it is possible that many of the "Cleveland Bays" registered were actually Yorkshire Coach Horses; however, all were registered as Clevelands, and that is what they are known as today. She added that Cleveland Bays are also struggling because a number of long-standing breeders have now retired, similar to the problem cited by the Dales Pony Society in H&H’s previous news story. Cleveland Bay Horse Society Protecting and promoting the Cleveland Bay: a British horse with a history and a future... As its name suggests, the Cleveland Bay emanates from the Cleveland area of North East England. [17] The Thoroughbred blood was added despite the claims of breeders that the Cleveland Bay was "free from taint of black or blood", meaning either Thoroughbred "blood" or the Old English "Black" and its descendants. Linus a 20 y/.. Tiverton, Rhode Island. Gelding-Tiverton, RI. [3] The uniformity in colour is encouraged as it makes creating matching driving teams and pairs very easy. Over the years, the breed became lighter in frame as they were employed more as carriage and riding horses. Their roots in Yorkshire mean that they are more capable of dealing with cold conditions than many more delicate breeds. Legs that are red below the knees and hocks are considered faulty in colour, although they do not disqualify a horse from registry. [29] Purebred and crossbred Cleveland Bays make up the majority of the bay horses in the Royal Mews, the British royal stables, where they receive intense training to desensitize them before they are put to work drawing royal carriages. Tragically, as of 2006 there were only an estimated 550 Cleveland Bay horses left in the world; the future existence of their breed still hangs in the balance. An incredible versatile and attractive horse, the Cleveland Bay is used today for driving, hunting and light agricultural work. It was also evaluated because breeds with large action at the trot often also have a potential for jumping. Bay. Cleveland Bays were used in the creation and improvement of other horse breeds, such as the Oldenburg, the Hanoverian, the Holstein or the Vladimir Heavy Draft. [23] The decline continued, quickening after the Second World War; in 1960 the War Office stopped offering premiums on stallions, and many breeders discontinued breeding. Dent, Anthony. Last month the RBST released its watchlist report, in which Dales ponies and Dartmoors had dropped into more serious categories due to falling numbers of breeding females, which is what the list is based upon. They have large convex heads and a deep girth and their quarters are strong with good bones and feet. The breed has also been used to develop and improve several warmblood and draught horse breeds. Today they are used for farm work and driving, as well as under-saddle work. The English Sporthorse. It is the oldest established horse breed in England. Stud books are kept by the British Cleveland Bay Horse Society (founded 1883) and the Cleveland Bay Horse Society of North America (founded 1885). However, Cleveland Bay breeder Zoe Woods told H&H she believes that this is a “rosy” outlook on the situation. During the 19th century, many Cleveland Bays were exported from England to the USA, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Russia, and Europe. [19][36], A breed of horse that originated in England, This article is about a breed of horse. They are large horses, generally between 16 hands (64 inches/163 cm) and 16.2 hands (66 inches/168 cm) in height, though vendors sometimes sell a Cleveland Bay stallion that is even taller. Queen Elizabeth II purchased a stallion and sent him to stud to try to revive the breed. The resulting horses were used extensively as coach horses,[6] and were lighter of frame, with a well-arched neck and powerful shoulders, making for a flashy carriage horse. The subsequent foals of these mares were eligible for registration into the main British Cleveland Bay stud book, and were also eligible to compete in competitions reserved for breed members. They are always a rich bay colour with black mane, legs, and tail. [6] In the 1920s, Cleveland Bays replaced black Hanoverians in the British royal stables, and both the Cleveland Bay and Cleveland Bay/Thoroughbred crosses are used as royal carriage horses today. [21] There was a brief revival of interest in the late 1930s in the United States when they became popular as foundation stock for hunters. [13], The earliest breeding of the ancestors of the Cleveland Bay was done in large part by English churches and monasteries, to meet a need for pack horses to carry trade goods between abbeys and monasteries in northeast England. The Cleveland Bay is the last and only remaining Pure Breed of Warmblood horse left in the world today. The Cleveland Bay is a Warmblood horse, with its sire and dam having a recorded history dating back to the 16th Century and into which the introduction of other bloodlines has been entirely excluded since 1884. A small white star is permitted on their face, provided it is no larger than a 20 cent piece. [34] The breed was also used to create and improve the Holstein and Hanoverian breeds. [4][10][11][12] The closest breed in type, although completely unrelated, is the Irish Draught. There are currently 500 Cleveland's left in England and even less scattered among The U.S. equine communities. Once in the hands of Cromwell's men, many of the stallions were made available for locals to cross with the existing Chapman Horses, adding a second infusion of Andalusian bloodlines. Bella Vista is a big advocate of combining Cleveland Bay blood with that of thoroughbreds and warmbloods to create incredible athletes that can be competitive at higher levels. They have been patronized by members of the British Royal Family throughout their history, and they are still used to pull carriages in royal processions today. New Castle, Colorado. [24] Another half-bred Cleveland Bay competed for the British Olympic team in show jumping at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics, while a third was a reserve mount for the Canadian show jumping team at the 1976 Montreal Olympics. 2 The fact that its athletic ability is underestimated contributes to its critically rare status. The Cleveland continued to develop as a Coach horse and gained or lost favour with the fashion of the day. Mare-New Castle, CO. CO. $6,000. They are “good doers”, which means they thrive on grazing that is not rich and so they are easy to keep. Cleveland Bay Mare. [3], The British Cleveland Bay Horse Society was formed in 1883,[18] and the first stud book was published in 1884. The Cleveland Bay Society of America was founded in 1885, and over 2,000 horses were registered by 1907. Without doubt it is Britains oldest breed of horse and has been fixed in type much longer than the Society's foundation date suggests. The combination of desired characteristics means that the breed is useful for breeding show jumpers, eventers and steeplechasers (the latter especially when crossed with Thoroughbreds). This was included in part because military potential was still considered a factor in evaluating harness horses and a good trot was necessary for an artillery horse. “It is the ideal horse for the recreational rider. [10] The Cleveland Bay Society of America was formed in 1885,[20] and the stud book began publication in 1889, although horses were registered who had lived as far back as 1860. Cleveland Bay horses were first imported to the United States in the early 1800s. Beautiful mare for sale, lovely extension, great attitude, gentle manners!.. [1] The occasional red legs that appear in the breed are thought to come from chestnut Thoroughbred stallions that were crossed into Cleveland Bay and Yorkshire Coach Horse bloodlines at some points in the history of both breeds. In 1964, a Cleveland Bay/Thoroughbred cross competed in show jumping in the Tokyo Olympics. [27] The Equus Survival Trust also considers the breed population to be at critical levels, meaning there are between 100 and 300 breeding females left in the world. [32] In 2006, a Cleveland Bay stallion named Tregoyd Journeyman was used as a model for a new horse figure by Breyer Animal Creations, and the stallion participated in that year's Breyer model horse festival. N° de réf. “We need to let people know how critical this breed is and encourage them to give Cleveland Bays a chance.”, {"piano":{"sandbox":"false","aid":"u28R38WdMo","rid":"R7EKS5F","offerId":"OF3HQTHR122A","offerTemplateId":"OTQ347EHGCHM"}}, {"location":"Keystone Header","subscribeText":"Subscribe now","version":"1","menuWidgetTitle":"H&H Plus","myAccountLnk":"\/my-account","premiumLnk":"\/hhplus","menuLnks":{"2":{"text":"Plus Hub","href":"\/plus-hub"}},"colors":{"text":"#000","button":"#000","link":"#00643f"}}, Good news for some rare breeds as numbers stablise *H&H Plus*, Outstanding Cleveland Bay mare honoured with H&H award, ‘We need a massive increase in pure breeding’: Cleveland Bays in danger of extinction, watchlist report, in which Dales ponies and Dartmoors had dropped into more serious categories. It is expected that the worldwide population is approximately 900 purebreds spread throughout North America, Australasia, Europe, Japan and Pakistan. [6] What is now the Cleveland Bay was developed from Barb and Andalusian horses crossed with Chapman Horse mares. The Cleveland Bay is a unique horse which deserves to be preserved. London: J.A. [26] The UK Rare Breeds Survival Trust also considers their status to be critical, with less than 300 breeding females registered worldwide. Cleveland Bay Health As horses go, Cleveland Bays are hardy and long-lived. Eventing/Dressage Horse for Half... Linus is up for half lease, could be ridden 3-4 times a week. It is a well-muscled horse, with legs that are strong but short in relation to the body. [6] In the early 20th century, when a breed standard was issued by the British Cleveland Bay Society for use in judging shows, a section was added on the movement of the horses, describing the desired action, especially at the trot. [23] There are also small populations in Japan, New Zealand, and Australia. [9], Originally developed in the Cleveland district of Yorkshire, England,[6] the Cleveland Bay is said to be the oldest established English horse breed, and the only horse native to Britain that does not belong to the heavy horse group. RI. Cleveland Bay supporters are warning that, despite a “slight improvement” in numbers reported by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust (RBST), the breed is still under threat. As roads improved and speed became more important[17] in the late 18th century, Thoroughbred and Arabian blood was added. The legs are short in relation to the body, but strong and well-muscled. The Cleveland Bay is a breed of horse that originated in England during the 17th century, named after its colouring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire. Part Bred Cleveland Bay Filly. [21] Because the war caused a depletion in stock, in 1920 and 1921, the British society opened a special register for previously unregistered mares of Cleveland Bay type, including some already registered with the Yorkshire Coach Horse (a Cleveland/Thoroughbred cross) registry, after they had passed an inspection that certified them to be of proper breed type. By 1907, the association registered more than 2,000 horses. [7] They are hardy and long-lived horses, and docile in temperament. The breed is uniformly bay, as many horses were bred as uniform carriage horses. The Caspian horse Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, used the breed for many years in international driving competitions. Can be sent outside the U.S. for less than the default shipping rate. [11] The 19th century saw the export of many Cleveland Bays overseas, to Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States, India, Russia and the European continent. [11] In the late 1960s and 1970s, interest in the breed increased, and part-bred Cleveland Bays were in demand for use as riding horses, especially for use as hunters and jumpers. [14] The Andalusian blood came from horses bred at the royal stud in Cordoba and given to English royalty by the King of Spain. “Many of the breeds are still decreasing in population, although some, like the Cleveland Bay and Suffolk have seen slight improvements in numbers compared to 2014 population estimates,” said Tim Beeston from the RBST. Beautiful Cleveland Bay / Thoroughbred Filly. The closest breed in type, although completely unrelated, is the Irish Draught. Les chevaux ont toujours une robe baie, bien que quelques crins plus clairs dans la crinière et la queue soient caractéristiques de certaines lignées chez la race. In the late 1960s and '70s, horses continued to be exported to many countries. Cleveland Bays are the oldest pure breed of Warmblood horse in the world, their history goes back over 400 years. Smaller Cleveland Bays were used to carry British troopers, and larger members of the breed pulled artillery; the British War Office offered premiums on Cleveland Bay stallions. Time will tell if the Cleveland Bay horse can be brought back from its precarious situation. Cleveland Bay. Cleveland bays also became popular as improvers to other breeds at this time and many European Warmblood horses have Cleveland Bay in their ancestry, notably the Oldenburg which used Cleveland bay stallions extensively in the 1860’s. by Alexander Mackay Smith. [21] By 1962, only four purebred stallions were present in the UK. Lorraine Chapman of the Cleveland Bay Horse Society (CBHS) confirmed that only six pure-bred fillies were born and registered in the UK last year. For the body of water in Australia, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Cleveland Bay Horse Society of North America, "Registration of Part Bred Cleveland Bay Horses", "Parameters of Livestock Breeds on the ALBC Conservation Priority List (2007)", "Equus Survival Trust Equine Conservation List", "Rare Cleveland Bay Stallion to Visit Kentucky Horse Park", "Behind the Scenes: Great Britain's Royal Mews", Cleveland Bay Horse Society of Australasia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cleveland_Bay&oldid=961338915, Conservation Priority Breeds of the Livestock Conservancy, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 June 2020, at 22:06. Cleveland Bay Horses. The British Cleveland Bay Horse Society was formed in 1883, and the first stud book was published in 1884. These pack horses were crossbred with Andalusian and Barb blood, and later with Arabians and Thoroughbreds, to create the Cleveland Bay of today. Queen Elizabeth II saved the breed by purchasing Mulgrave Supreme, a stallion that was about to be sold to a buyer in the United States. The Cleveland Bay is a breed of horse that originated in the Cleveland district of Yorkshire, England during the 17th century. One chapter on driving, but the emphasis is on riding. [4] When the breed was first developed, the horses almost always had a countershaded dorsal stripe, but these disappeared with the outcrossings of the 18th century. The Cleveland Bay has successfully been cross-bred to Thoroughbred types to produce outstanding performance horses in dressage, driving, and jumping. [25], Since 1977, Elizabeth II has been a patron of the Society, and during the Society's centenary year of 1984 she acted as its president. [8] The Australasian registry refers to part breds as Sporthorses, although they still require at least 25 percent Cleveland Bay blood. “We have an average of 32 registrations per year worldwide, including the colts. Bay. The Spanish horses also made their way to the outlying estates of English nobility, and were then taken by Oliver Cromwell's men after the English Civil War. Fanny Drape was known to have cleared a 6-foot (1.8 m) stone wall with a rider on her back, and a 7.5-foot (2.3 m) bar while being jumped in-hand. We are not really breeders so much as custodians of an ancient line of a breed most hard tested through a millennia of European and North American history. The US American Livestock Breeds Conservancy considers their status to be critical,[20] which means there is an estimated global population of less than 2,000, and fewer than 200 annual registrations in the United States. The withers are well-muscled, which often makes them less pronounced, the chest is broad and deep, the shoulders are muscular and sloping, and the croup slightly sloping. [35] In the 19th century, the Cleveland Bay was crossed with French and Belgian draft horses to create the Vladimir Heavy Draft, a Russian breed developed to fill that country's need for a heavy draft breed. The British Cleveland Bay Horse Society was established in 1883 and one year later was published the first stud book. While the Cleveland Bay Society of North America was established in 1885, the stud book was published in 1889. The horses are always bay in colour, although a few light hairs in the mane and tail are characteristic of some breed lines. White markings, except for a small star on the forehead, render the horse inadmissible to the stud book. [15], Between 1685 and 1785 this Chapman Horse/Andalusian/Barb cross developed into the original Cleveland Bay. The British Cleveland Bay Horse Society also maintains a separate registry for part-bred horses. What, may you ask, is the basic genetic make-up of this Warmblood breed? The Cleveland Bay is a harness horse first and foremost. Le Cleveland Bay mesure en moyenne entre 1,63 m et 1,68 m au garrot, soit entre 16 mains et 16,2 mains ou entre 64 pouces et 66 pouces, et sa robe est toujours bai32. “It gives the impression that while species in crisis continue to struggle, the Cleveland Bay is one of the exceptions.”. The ancestors of the breed were developed during the Middle Ages for use as pack horses, when they gained their nickname of "Chapman Horses". However, new horses have been imported and the breed is earning favor among competitive equestrians across the country. There are approximately 200 pure breds in North America (including mares, stallions and geldings). The 19th century saw the export of many Cleveland Bays overseas, to Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States, India, Russia and the European continent. $450. Currently the breed is still critically rare. In 1884, the Cleveland Bay Horse Society of Great Britain published the first volume of its Stud Book containing stallions and mares scrupulously selected for purity of blood, many of whose pedigrees traced back over a century.
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