This law is sometimes called the ‘working time directive’ or ‘working time regulations’. For example, if you work 3 days a week, you’ll be entitled to 16.8 days a year (3 x 5.6). 1. In the UK, the average working week is 35 hours, for an average salary of £27,000 a year. 7. The only way to reduce hours while maintaining pay is by improving productivity. Today, 63 per cent of Britons support a four-day full-time working week, according to YouGov data. While the traditional mechanisms for ensuring a "fair day's wage for a fair day's work" is by collective agreement, since 1962 the UK created minimum statutory rights for every individual at work. The nineteenth century socialist pioneer Robert Owen first popularised the demand for an 8-hour day with the slogan: ‘ Eight hours' labour, Eight hours' recreation, Eight hours' rest’. [4] There is no qualifying period for this, or any other working time right,[5] because beyond the importance of the law in seeking to strike a balance between work and life, sufficient periods of rest and leisure are seen as a critical element of workers health and safety. 8-hour days. A study by Trades Union Congress (TUC) last year showed that the UK has some of the longest working hours in the European Union (EU), with employees working an average of 42 hours a week … I had a 45-hour week job, starting at 8am and finishing at 6pm, with an hour break per day. Where a person works at night, they may only do 8 hours in any 24-hour period on average, or simply 8 hours at most is dangerous. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. The most controversial and widely known provisions in the working time laws, however, concern the maximum working week. You’ve accepted all cookies. They are 35 hours a week, 37.5 hours a week and 40 hours a week. Standard working week. "Three-quarters of UK workers already supported a four-day working week before the coronavirus pandemic hit and millions of workers have now had a taste of working … Working time in the United Kingdom is regulated in UK labour law in respect of holidays, daily breaks, night work and the maximum working day under the Working Time Regulations 1998. French workers tend to be more productive than their British counterparts. We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. 900,000 German industrial workers have secured a 28-hour working week for two years Compensatory off for long shifts. This law is sometimes called the ‘working time directive’ or ‘working time regulations’. The UK’s Trade Union Council (TUC) has called for a four-day maximum working week as part of its report into how changes to the current and future workplace can best benefit workers. Other reforms have included the 28 holiday minimum per year, 20 minute breaks for each six hours worked, and a maximum average of 8 hours work in a 24 hour period for night-workers (the average is usually calculated over 17 weeks, but it can be over a longer period of up to 52 weeks if the workers and the employer agree). Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. 5. The UK now works longer hours than any other European country bar Greece - with the average full-time employee clocking up 42.5 hours a week versus an EU average of 41.2 hours. You can’t work more than 48 hours a week on average - normally averaged over 17 weeks. 12 September 2019. Blog. Q&A: Working time directive | Work-life balance | The Guardian [13] The same rules have developed as for the minimum wage, regarding "on call" time, so that people with jobs involving long periods where they must make themselves available, but not necessarily be active, are regarded as working if they are bound to remain awake and close to their workplace. What is the current working situation? [11] Theoretically a worker may always change her mind after having opted out, without suffering any detriment. This works out as 28 days a year for someone working 5 days a week. The joy of a salary over a wage. The four-day working concept first picked up momentum during the 2019 December election, as Labour floated a policy of a 32-hour working week with no loss of pay within ten years. A four-day week, or a compressed work schedule, is an arrangement where a workplace or school has its employees or students work or attend school over the course of … Most white collar contracts assume you will do whatever extra hours are required. 27 days off per year. Normally, however, contractors work between 35 hours a week and 40 hours a week. You can choose to work more by opting out of the 48-hour week. No employee will be required to work over 48 hours as part of their normal working week. Following a six-month pilot during which employees worked four and a half days per week, from early 2021, the organisation will move its entire workforce to a four-day working week. You shouldn’t have to work longer than 48 hours a week on average over 17 weeks. The shorter working week is a matter of social justice. Fixed time system (固定時間制度, kotei jikan seido) Flexible time system (フレックスタイム制度, furekkusu taimu seido) Discretionary labor system (裁量労働制度, sairyō rōdō seido) The fixed time system is a common way of working in Japan. [14] This created a significant problem for junior doctors, where the culture has typically been in all European countries that very long hours are expected. If you’re under 18, you can’t work more than 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. Under the Directive, this is 48 hours. This is the summary of working hours for junior doctors in the UK. 2. Although people in the United Kingdom work the longest hours on average in Europe, and among the longest in the developed world, highest work related stress and absentee rates, successive UK governments have remained sceptical about the maximum working week's merit. Many believe that by introducing shorter working time, productivity will increase, and the UK… Reducing the time we spend at work to provide more time for life. Working time in the United Kingdom is regulated in UK labour law in respect of holidays, daily breaks, night work and the maximum working day under the Working Time Regulations 1998. “Labour’s working week policy may be eye-catching, but it puts the cart before the horse. Administrative, Managerial & Professional (APM) - Levels 4 - 6. The normal full-time working week is 36.25 hours spread over 5 days. 4. [8] It can be called a night shift. Full-time employees in Germany work 1.8 hours a week less than those in the UK but are 14.6 per cent more productive, the research goes on to claim. ... UK workers would be working half a day less than they do today. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. The longest shift is for 12 hours. Russell v Transocean International Resources Ltd, Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009, Zentralbetriebsrat der Landeskrankenhäuser Tirols, Stringer v Revenue and Customs Commissioners, Schultz-Hoff v Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund, Pfeiffer v Deutsches Kreuz, Kreisverband Waldshut eV, SIMAP v Conselleria de Sanidad y Consumo de la Generalidad Valenciana, Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Glasgow International Financial Services District, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Working_time_in_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=991021472, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, P Davies and M Freedland, Kahn-Freund's Labour and the Law (3rd edn Stevens 1983) 18 12, S Webb and B Webb, Industrial Democracy (Longmans 1902) 12, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:16. Full-time students can work for 20 hours per week at maximum, whether you get or not paid for your job. For instance, instead of … The time we're owed. Working hours can’t tell us everything either. The standard working week has been harmonised for all staff (excluding Academics) at 35 hours per week (excluding any breaks). I’ve worked all of those as a contractor. Indeed, there are three main working weeks for contractors. Traditional Standard Workweek. [6] Nor is it possible for an employer to give a worker "rolled up holiday pay", for instance an additional 12.5% in a wage bill, in lieu of taking actual holidays. In the UK you’ll face some limits on working hours depended on few elements, including the type of your course and the type of Tier 4 sponsor you’re studying at. There are many arguments for a four-day work week in the UK, with the main argument being that it could support the UK’s economic recovery following the coronavirus pandemic. You may have to work more than 48 hours a week on average if you work in a job: Contact the Acas helpline or use the Acas Helpline Online to get further advice on working hours. The four day working week UK landscape In the UK 2019 general election, the then shadow chancellor John McDonnell stated that “the next Labour government would reduce the average full-time working week to 32 hours within the next decade.” The 37.5 hours total is the standard working week for most NHS staff. The concept of a four-day working week picked up momentum in the UK during the 2019 December election, as Labour floated a policy of a 32-hour working week with no loss of … Check how the new Brexit rules affect you. The WTR 1998 follow the requirements of the Working Time Directive,[1] which allowed an "opt out" from the maximum working week, set at 48 hours. The main types of working hours systems in Japan are the following three types. Rather than compressing the usual hours, an employee has reduced hours. 40 hours per week (on average). Aidan Harper. Every worker must receive at least 11 consecutive hours of rest in a 24-hour period, and in every day workers must have at least a 20-minute break in any 6-hour period.[9]. The Health and Safety Executive is the UK body charged with enforcing the working time laws, though it has purposively taken a "light touch" approach to enforcement. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. The maximum does not apply to anyone who is self-employed or who can set their own hours of work, as it is aimed to protect workers who possess less bargaining power and autonomy over the way they do their jobs. The employer must make sure the worker does in fact take paid holidays, and if the worker has not done so and the job terminates, the employer must give an additional payment for the unused holiday entitlement.[7]. 12 September 2019. A shorter working week. As the name suggests, a four-day working week involves working four days instead of five. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. [12] If the employer has not got the worker to opt out, then the 48-hour week is not a rigid maximum, but is taken as an average over 17 weeks. 6. His words lit a fire under the trade union movement, which started pushing for change in the decades that followed. The fact that the ideal working week is six hours shorter than the current average working week is a key indicator that, whilst work is still an essential factor, the needs and preferences of the UK office workforce are changing. You can’t work more than 48 hours a week on average - normally averaged over 17 weeks. [2], The most concrete measure of the WTR 1998 is, following basic rights in international law,[3] mandating a minimum period of 28 days, or four full weeks, in paid holidays for all workers each year (though this includes public holidays). I experienced the downsides of working longer hours myself when living in the UK as a young mother. 3. It was a long, hard fight. While the traditional mechanisms for ensuring a "fair day's wage for a fair day's work" is by collective agreement, since 1962 the UK created minimum statutory rights for every individual at work. The fight for decent working hours has always been at the heart of union campaigning. The number refers to working from 9am to 9pm six days a week and is said to be common among the country’s big technology companies and start-ups. Aidan Harper has been running 4DayWeek - a campaign for, well, a four-day, work week across the UK - for the last two years. Extra pay for long shifts. Members of staff will be expected to work such hours as are necessary to fulfil their role with 36.25 hours being the notional requirement for the working week, normally spread over five days The first legislation to put clear limits on the working day didn’t arrive until the 1874 Factory Acts – and at te… The only ones outside that I have worked have been 42 hours a week and 32.5. You can change your cookie settings at any time. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Contracts of employment and working hours, The National Minimum Wage and Living Wage, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases, in the armed forces, emergency services or police, as a domestic servant in a private household, as a seafarer, sea-fisherman or worker on vessels on inland waterways, where working time is not measured and you’re in control, eg you’re a managing executive with control over your decisions. However, many employers now consider employees as full-time when they work fewer hours (i.e., over 30 hours, 35 hours, or 37.5 hours). The EU average was 41.3 hours and the UK average was 42.6 hours. Maximum weekly working hours: Calculating your ... - GOV.UK It’s a way to work such as from 8 am to 5 pm (including an hour break) or from 9 am to 6 pm (including an hour br… Calculate your average working hours to check if you're working more than the legal limit of 48 hours a week. But many of the highest-paid roles, such as doctors and top managers, work significantly more than 37.5 hours a … Most full time contracts are for a 40-hour week, though many blue collar jobs include overtime. The new working pattern will not affect employees’ salaries or clients and partnership service level agreements. [10] Nevertheless, all UK workers may "opt out" of the 48-hour week by individually signing an opt out form. The WTR 1998 follow the requirements of the Working Time Directive, which allowed an "opt out" from the maximum working wee… 5 days a week. The standard for full-time employment was typically 40 hours a week in the past. For part time, seasonal, or casual work, annual leave is worked out pro rata. The European Court of Justice's decision in Landeshauptstadt Kiel v Jaegar[15] that junior doctors' on call time was working time led a number of countries to exercise the same "opt out" derogation as the UK, albeit limited to medical practice. Time regulations ’ following three types ] Nevertheless, all UK workers would working... For a 40-hour week, 37.5 hours a week in Japan are following. For an average salary of £27,000 a year and improve government services been... Job, starting at 8am and finishing at 6pm, with an hour break per.! Three main working weeks for contractors week ( excluding Academics ) at 35 hours per (..., an employee has reduced hours to be more productive than their counterparts. 48-Hour week by individually signing an opt out '' of the 48-hour week at maximum, whether get! Is sometimes called the ‘ working time regulations ’ decent working hours for doctors... 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