In spite of the relatively low content of essential oil, this coriander is sometimes preferred because of its specific flavouring quality. http://tropicos.org/Name/34500581?projectid=13. vii-xi + 516 pp.. FAO, 2017. Coriander seeds are a good source of secondary plant metabolites … Floridata plant database. Coriander can refer to both an herb and a spice. The length of the flowering period depends on the number of branches and the weather conditions, and extends for up to 30 days. The species was included in the Britton and Wilson (1923-1926) flora of Puerto Rico, in which the species was reportedly grown in gardens for culinary uses. Leaf Cilantro. Portland, OR, USA: Timber Press. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/. Coriander has its origin in the Near East. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press. After stem elongation, coriander is sensitive to low temperatures but resistant to drought. Coriander is an extremely popular herb that is used extensively and liberally in Indian, Thai, South American and Middle Eastern cuisine. All rights reserved. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CV, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2015. Compendium record. Parsleys, fennels, and Queen Anne's lace: Herbs and ornamentals from the umbel family. Kula Ace Hardware and Nursery, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Considering its centuries-long history of cultivation around the world and no current reports of its invasiveness, this species is not likely to become a high-threat species in the near future. In South-East Asia, as in many other parts of the world, coriander is usually grown as a small-scale horticultural crop. The family includes many common vegetables and kitchen herbs such as celery, carrot, fennel, dill, coriander, and parsnip.C. Britton, N. L., 1918. Coriander for fruit production is found in tropical highlands, subtropics and temperate regions, while in the lowland tropics it is grown as a green herb. Randall, R. P., 2012. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. state. Botany of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. Non-native: introduced St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Seed 1 per mericarp, with testa attached to the fruit wall. The botanical term for coriander seeds by which the essential oil is taken out is Coriandum Sativum L. These types of coriander seeds come from the coriander herb, an annual plant that belongs to the parsley family. can be avoided by treating the fruits with a fungicide before sowing. the state. post Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al., 2012. http://www.europe-aliens.org/. 104-108. Cilantro looks a lot like parsley because it has flat, toothed leaves. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is a typical species … sativum, or coriander, is a commonly known kitchen herb. Coriander is cross-fertilized by insects; the stigma remains receptive for 5 days, pollen is fertile for 24 hours only; stamens emerge one by one. Tamil Nadu, India. To enhance the flavor of whole Coriander Seed, toast it in a dry pan to wake up the volatile oil compounds that give coriander its enigmatic flavor profile. http://faostat3.fao.org/, Flora Mesoamericana, 2015. A monograph on the physiological properties of coriander fruit oil has been published by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM). populations both exist in a county, only native status A wide variety of types of coriander options are available to you, Coriander with small, globose fruits (Microcarpum group or subsp. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Wiersema JH, Leo´n B, 2013. Native to the Mediterranean and Middle East regions, the plant is widely cultivated in … Coriander, also known as cilantro or Chinese parsley, is a widely used spice native to the Mediterranean. The extraction residues are used as feed for ruminants. Coriander is a very variable species, and the botanical literature contains several subclassifications into subspecies, varieties and forms. To reuse an Cropping for its fruits is restricted to higher altitudes. Cilantro is the leaf of this same plant and surprisingly, its flavor is vastly different from that of coriander. in part by the National Science Foundation. Tropicos website. Leaf type. This spice is a key ingredient in falafel and in a traditional Egyptian appetizer called dukka. 1124 pp. Fruit an ovoid to globose schizocarp, up to 5 mm in diameter, yellow-brown with 10 straight longitudinal ribs alternating with 10 wavy longitudinal ridges, often crowned by the dry persistent calyx lobes and the stylopodium with styles; fruit does usually not split at maturity; it contains 2 mericarps which each bear on their concave side 2 longitudinal, rather wide lines (vittae), containing essential oil. http://www.floridata.com/ref/c/cori_sat.cfm, Forzza RC, Leitman PM, Costa AF, Carvalho Jr AA, Peixoto AL, et al., 2010. Kress W J, Defilipps R A, Farr E, Kyi D Y Y, 2003. http://tropicos.org/Project/Paraguay, Peru Checklist, 2015. Coriandrum sativum (coriander); leaves, on small potted plants. The dried seeds are used whole or ground as a spice in European, Asian, Latin, and Indian dishes. September 2007. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Forzza RC, Leitman PM, Costa AF, Carvalho Jr AA, Peixoto AL et al, 2010. Cilantro an annual herb and does not easily root from cuttings, but it readily produces seeds and self-seeds. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Leafy medicinal herbs: botany, chemistry, postharvest technology and uses., CABI. 590 pp. The time from sowing to harvesting depends very much on the genotype, and is usually between 90 and 140 days. It was cultivated by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, included in medical remedies attributed to Hippocrates, and even used to describe the taste of manna in the Book of Exodus of the Bible; the oldest archaeological remains date to around 6000 BC in Israel (Diederichsen and Rugayah, 1999; Lawton, 2007; Floridata, 2015). Flora of Bermuda., C. Scribner's Sons. Alam Zeb, in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, 2016. Randall R P, 2012. Plant breeders and the seed trade often refer to two main groups of coriander based on fruit size: var. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) No. (Flora Mesoamericana). In Peru, the species occurs in disturbed areas of the Amazonian and Andean regions (Peru Checklist, 2015). The high esteem for the aromatic taste of green coriander is illustrated by the use of two other species as a substitute: Eryngium foetidum (Apiaceae), known as sawtooth coriander and also as 'Mexican coriander', and Persicaria odorata (Polygonaceae), known as 'Vietnamese coriander'. Coriander can be found wild today in Armenia and Israel, but also in some parts of Thuringia, where it even has formed its own subspecies. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. Flora Mesoamericana. History of cultivated vegetables: Comprising their botanical, medicinal, edible, and chemical qualities, natural history, and relation to art, science, and commerce, Volume II. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. What is the benefit of coriander leaves? Coriandrum sativum (coriander); flowers. A geographical atlas of world weeds. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, USA. The coriander plant is a member of the carrot family. Medium or large globose fruits with low or medium contents of essential oil (Sativum group or subsp. The major fatty acid (more than 60%) is petroselinic acid (C18:1(6C)), which is an isomer of oleic acid (C18:1(9C)) that is also present. Also covers those considered historical (not seen The genus name Coriandrum derives from the Greek ‘koriannon’, from ‘koris’ meaning ‘a bug’ or ‘bedbug’, referring to the pungent smell from the leaves and unripe fruits (Quattrocchi, 2012). microcarpum (small fruits. The term "coriander" is often used to refer a spice made from the dry fruit of the Coriandrum sativum plant. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: Common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Coriander is a spice produced from the round, tan-colored seeds of the coriander plant (Coriandrum sativum), which is a member of the parsley family. The species has a long history of cultivation dating back to ancient Egyptian times, but it has been known to escape from cultivation and to naturalize beyond its native range, often becoming weedy (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). As well as the many benefits of the oil, coriander leaves themselves offer a range of amazing health benefits. Coriandrum sativum http://tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. It is listed as “agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, garden thug, naturalised, sleeper weed, weed” in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and is listed as a weed in Israel, Lebanon, Morocco, and Taiwan (Holm et al., 1979). Almost throughout all of China, La Paz, Santa Cruz; Original citation: Bolivia Checklist (2015), Cultivated herb. Andes, Angelópolis, Bello, Guarne, Medellín, Rionegro, San Jerónimo, Valparaiso, Azuay, Cañar, Chimborazo, Galapagos, Imbabura, Loja, Los Ríos, Pichincha, Tungurahua, Cordillera, Paraguarí; Original citation: Paraguay Checklist (2015), Cajamarca, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lima, Loreto, San Martín; Original citation: Peru Checklist (2015), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. In all South-East Asian countries coriander is grown as a culinary herb and vegetable. Second Edition. DAISIE, 2015. The oil consists of several monoterpenoids. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, Floridata, 2015. San Juan, P.R: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Coriander is a plant. Diederichsen A, Rugayah, 1999. Both the leaves and fruit (seeds) of coriander are used as food and medicine. The stems, leaves, roots and seeds are all used in cooking. The 1000-seed weight is 7-17 g. The commercial essential oil is sometimes adulterated with sweet-orange oil, cedar-wood oil, turpentine and anethole or anise-fruit oil. Phillips H, 1822. The main component (usually making up more than 60% of the essential oil) is always linalool. Coriander, Coriandrum sativum, is an erect annual herb in the family Apiaceae. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. Can you please help us? This is another fairly common Indian spice that was first … These three main groups also differ in content and composition of the essential oil of the fruit. However, since young coriander of some genotypes is frost resistant it can be cultivated as a cold-season crop over a much longer period. Large-scale production exists in southern Russia, the Ukraine and other East European countries. In the USA the regulatory status 'generally recognized as safe' has been accorded to coriander fruits (GRAS 2333) and coriander fruit oil (GRAS 2334). Cilantro has a complex but delicate flavor with a hint of pepper, mint and lemon. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. http://tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Chemotaxonomical investigations support such infraspecific classification. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Coriander is an aromatic plant (Coriandrum sativum) in the parsley family. St. Louis, MO: Missouri Botanical Garden. It is known to have escaped from cultivation in Puerto Rico, California (USA), and parts of the United Kingdom (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). 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