“Sandalwood Man,” collects native Hawaiian sandalwood seeds. Ailanthus altissima / eɪ ˈ l æ n θ ə s æ l ˈ t ɪ s ɪ m ə /, commonly known as tree of heaven, ailanthus, varnish tree, or in Chinese as chouchun (Chinese: 臭 椿; pinyin: chòuchūn; lit. Toxicodendron altissimumMill. A flirtatious elepaio chatters from the canopy of the tallest ‘iliahi I’ve ever seen. I found a profile for Mark Hanson on LinkedIn; you might try connecting him that way. Hawaiian legends tell of hau as the visible form of Manoa wind and Hina's sister was changed into a hau tree. Images of Ailanthus altissima provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER). 8. MA: Literature: Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Hanson’s non-profit spent $7,000 to erect small cages around 80 trees. A weeks-long wildfire scorched this mountainside in 2010. Santalum trees produce santalols, powerful compounds responsible for the wood’s potent aroma and medicinal properties. At first, Chinese merchants rejected Hawaiian sandalwood as inferior. Come help I am grateful to have helped & continue to help. Looking forward to meeting you, Planting a tree is a wonderful gift for family members. He lives on partial disability from a back injury he sustained in the military. I am Larry Rose, the unidentified “illicit” sandalwood artist in the first paragraph of your story. III THE GOD LONO. Plants of Hawaii MAPS Map index. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. Two American warships visited the Islands to investigate the situation. Under current law, Hawaiian sandalwood—the equivalent of gold on the arboreal world market—is no different from any other tree. Right now there isn’t a way to reproduce ‘iliahi on a large scale… What if this works?”. “By offering a lucrative alternative,” he says, “we can grow our native forest back.” But the hitch with sandalwood’s sustainability is its slow growth. It’s tiny. Tree-of-Heaven description and suggestions for control are from the Commonwealth of Virginia (Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia). My 3 daughters & I have just returned to Arizona from the Big Island where my husband ran the Nanea Golf Club for the past 15yrs. First, what is its natural population density? R. Iliahi. If the elder trees go, will another generation of ‘iliahi take root in the Islands? When we found out that this beautiful Sandalwood meant Heavenly Tree & it was planted in Jim’s honor & our Arizona home is on Sandalwood we all, including the Nanea Ohana we’re visibly moved!!! Towering koa trees cast lacy shadows on the hard lava plain. Good for you! Even spent chips, wood that’s been processed for oil, is sold to soap and incense makers. I just learned everything i know about sandalwood and want to learn more. We go every Friday of the year for last 3 years. The abundant natural resource gave him the means to purchase ships, cannons and guns. Buddhists count prayers on sandalwood beads. They claim to harvest only dead and dying sandalwoods, of which there are many. Wade Lee estimates that there’s another 3,579 tons of living and dead wood on the property. Keaweaweʻulaokalani is a name shared by two short-lived princes and heirs to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii.Both were named after their father Kamehameha III.In Hawaiian, the name means "the red trail of heaven", signifying the roadway by which the god descends from heaven. Nomenclatural information about Ailanthus altissima is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI). I expect suits; instead I am met with young, fresh faces. Impact information regarding Ailanthus altissima as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). Tree of Heaven is found in several counties in each of the five IPAMS states, but appears to be patchily distributed in each state. (2013) Chinese tree of heaven ISSG. Sandalwood saplings crowd Mark Hanson’s nursery; he’s one of the few growers to successfully germinate the native Hawaiian tree from seed. Frontier Co-op’s researcher, Tim Blakley, says basic questions about Hawaiian sandalwood’s history and life cycle haven’t been answered. Aloha…I am an architect on Kauai (www.KauaiArchitecture.com) and will be on the Big Island November 7 & 8. Tree of Heaven Follows Pioneers. Carvers turn the soft, sweet-smelling wood into cabinets, toys and sacred statues. ThankYou for sharing your love of this indigenous tree and to Bob Hansen for continuing to propagate it! Over the last four years, the Lees’ company, Haloa ‘Aina, has shipped out a thousand metric tons of sandalwood. Ailanthus altissima description and ecology from GISD (ISSG), The International Plant Names Index (IPNI), Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae): species information from GCW, Ailanthus altissima impact information from GISD (ISSG), Ailanthus altissima weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific, Ailanthus altissima management information from GISD (ISSG), Ailanthus altissima worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG), Invasive plants of California's wildlands, Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research, Ailanthus altissima contacts from GISD (ISSG), Ailanthus altissima references from GISD (ISSG), Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project, National Biological Information Infrastructure. Designed to boost water capture, fend off sheep and diffuse UV light, these Blue-X sheaths swaddle young sandalwoods. I am a 4th generation Maui girl and by the time I was born (1940) the slopes of Haleakala no longer had those forests. Tree-of-heaven was also brought to California by Chinese immigrants during the Gold Rush. The world’s biggest suppliers, India and Australia, battle poachers; thieves pinched as much as 90 percent of India’s harvest in 2012. “I haven’t been arrested yet.”. 30,000 plants planted on the western slope of Mauna kea. They’re looking for a model that blends restoration with commercial opportunities. Therein lies the trouble. Mark Hanson is an honorable man caring for the planet & Hawaii’s Big Island! Between booths laden with vegetables and homemade jams sat a man selling beautifully carved wooden letter openers, hair picks and bags of incense. If you know what to look for, you’ll find sandalwoods scattered throughout Hawai‘i. by Shannon Wianecki (originally published in Hana Hou! Tree of Heaven often grows where little else survives. But the archipelago’s largest and most abundant sandalwoods inhabit its youngest volcano: Hawai‘i. During the height of the sandalwood trade, historians estimate that Hawaiian men hefted at least one hundred thousand piculs of lumber out of the mountains. Without data-backed answers to those questions, Blakley says, the fledgling industry is operating in the dark. Wade and Jeff Lee are Kamehameha Schools’ neighbors; they purchased 2,800 acres of forest adjacent to Lupea in 2010. Aloha Shannon, Immigrants later introduced tree-of-heaven to the West Coast in the 1850s. Ailanthus glandulosus Desf. Its parent company Frontier Co-op can’t yet determine whether the Lees’ harvesting practices will support the tree’s long-term survival. Ailanthus altissima impact information from GISD (ISSG) Tropical foliage gives way to the distinctive shape of the Hawaiian dry forest: spindly, thick-barked trees that have evolved to maximize moisture. “If we wait another generation, it will really be challenging. There are many types of Acacias found in different parts of the world. p. 31. This tree can be found in 42 states, from Maine to Florida, then into California and even Hawaii. When I asked where the sandalwood came from, he told me he’d felled it on his own ten acres in nearby Miloli‘i, bucked it with a chainsaw and hauled it out piece by piece. References regarding Ailanthus altissima as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). (C} collection of seed (P) protection of trees (R) replanting of seedlings. The Kamehameha Schools team believes that the preservation of rare forest species can’t be a hobby or an academic pursuit—it has to be integral to people’s survival. During the decades following Western contact, hundreds of thousands of Hawaiians died from introduced diseases. The oldest trees have the sweetest heartwood. I follow Hanson to a fenced area behind the campground. Inside, heaps of fragrant sawdust surround a giant distillation tank. But these grey-barked sentries are dying, struck by fire, drought, sheep, rats—and, once again, humans intent on harvesting them. Their fleshy, purple fruits are candy to rats, which devour the seeds before they can hit the ground and germinate. To breathe the life back into our forests is what is needed so we can keep breathing too. “They taste like a cross between a macadamia nut and a coconut,” she says. It recently partnered with the Lees to conduct small-scale harvest trials on two hundred acres. Ailanthus altissima information from ITIS Whitehead explains that the seeming paradise is fraught with problems. Unpublished. Known by a number of names including stinking sumac, Chinese sumac, varnish tree and stink tree, the plant releases a strong, offensive smell, particularly from its flowers. 6 In the cave of this god in Olaʻa on Hawaii grows an ohia lehua which is looked upon in that district as the body of the forefather, Tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) is a deciduous tree native to China, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Today this tree is found in most of the Continental U.S., Hawaii, and Canada. Ailanthus altissima description and ecology from GISD (ISSG) After King Kamehameha died in 1819, his son and successor, Liholiho, was ill prepared for his new role as monarch. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: China sumac English ? “The guerilla forester.”. Yellow-blossomed māmane dangle twisted pods bursting with neon orange seeds. The landscape is immense, funding shrinks year after year, and public objection to killing sheep is strident. Best of luck! As soon as the ink on the deed was dry, the brothers began felling sandalwoods and selling the timber to China, Dubai and Sri Lanka. AR: Literature: Sorrie, B.A. Shannon, Awesome post. The trees have bluish, almost jadeite green leaves and clusters of miniscule, star-shaped flowers. Before long we’re standing in the world’s largest, most intact ‘iliahi forest. 1sandalwoodman@gmail.com 809-769-0683 Aloha Mark R Hanson The Sandalwoodman. They are not. A tree grows in Brooklyn. At first glance, a mature tree-of-heaven, when manicured, can actually present itself as a good-looking tree that exhibits a tropical feel. High above the glittering waters of South Kona, reaching up the slope of Mauna Loa, is a wide swath of land marked on a 1905 territorial map as Sandalwood Forest. Coastal sandalwood, or ‘iliahi alo‘e (S. ellipticum), is a smaller, shrubbier species found at low elevation on all of the main islands. Growing amidst this bounty are more sandalwoods than I can count. Wow, I didn’t know most of this. Hanson first learned about ‘iliahi after moving to Maui from Milwaukie in 1979. He’s been successfully germinating seedlings as long or longer than anybody else. At the time of Western contact, the Hawaiian ali‘i (chiefs) were at war. But a true “koa” ukulele can only be made of wood from trees that are from Hawaii. County checklist of Massachusetts plants. Hanson was among the presenters at the recent International Sandalwood Symposium held on O‘ahu in 2012. Hanson, who now lives in Volcano, is one of few growers to have real luck with ‘iliahi. The question marks haven’t deterred Kamehameha Schools, though. I look forward to trying an iliahi nut next time I am on the Aina. Aloha! Good work! Ailanthus altissima images from PIER ! Error: No connected account. GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). Hawaiian sandalwood faded from the collective consciousness over the ensuing years. I am from Bennet, Nebraska (close to the home of Arbor Day). Several foreigners in Hawai‘i during this era commented on the spectacle of thousands of Hawaiians leaving the forest at night by torchlight, bearing wood on their backs. I challenge any man or person to plant 1/2 the amount of trees this man has planted on the Big Island!! The trade—which lasted just thirty years—was swift and devastating for the forest and people of Hawai‘i. The Four Seasons Resort Hualālai just a few miles down the coast uses Haloa ‘Aina’s powder in spa treatments. They are often driven by hunger to eat wild and bitter herbs, moss, etc. Her parents taught her the many uses of native plants as a child—including how to roast and eat sandalwood nuts. He found only two hundred trees on Department of Land and Natural Resources acreage, and another eighty-seven on property belonging to the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands. See my photos in the #TinyAtlasClimate Show. Acacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood), and other acacias are being used for ukuleles. Floracopeia and DoTerra buy the oil. Required fields are marked *. To get a whiff, you must sacrifice the tree. But santalols are only present in the heartwood—not the bark or leaves. Sandalwoods are tricky to grow. Serv. 808-333-1540, Wow, that sounds fantastic! Did not know what a tremendous impact the tree’s harvesting had on the Hawaiian people, physically as well as economically. Tree of heaven has the potential of establishing in every state, and has been found on every continent except Antartica. Though the world has forgotten them, the majestic trees still exist, and on one Hawaiian hillside they exist in great number. He sells plants from his home nursery, but much of the work he does to perpetuate the native forest is unpaid. Ailanthus altissima information from PIER Tree of Heaven. How many trees currently exist? The Hawaiian Airlines Magazine). Information about Ailanthus altissima from IUCN's ISSG/GISD ISSG Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) factsheet Tree-of-Heaven description and suggestions for control are from the Commonwealth of Virginia (Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia).