(Primary author T.J. Evans). In the winter, polar bears in Alaska are found as far south as St. Lawrence Island and occasionally … Scientists estimate that there are fewer than 26,000 polar bears left, spread out across 19 different subpopulations that range from the icescapes of Svalbard, Norway, to … Systematic collection of bear-human interaction information for Alaska’s national parks. Cheuvront. The late U.S. Sen. Ted Stevens of Alaska, for one, said in 2008 "there are now three times as many polar bears in the Arctic than there were … Kalxdorff, and G.S. Wilson. Today’s study, published in Ecological Applications, analyzed data on polar bears in northeast Alaska and the Northwest Territories and documented a 40 percent population loss between 2001-2010 from 1,500 to 900 … Rode, Ø. Griswold, J., T. McDonald, M. Branigan, E.V. And seeing a Bear, if even for a fleeting moment, is a rare and magical experience. This was among the … Mulcahy, and S. Schliebe. Rode, J.F. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2014. Born, K.L. Durner, and T.C. Kalxdorff, S., S. Schliebe, and S. Belikov. 2017. Scharf, H.R., M.B. Abstract for presentation at the AMAP conference entitled “The Arctic as a Messanger for Global Processes – Climate Change and Pollution. 2007. or call 907-786-3800, DeBruyn, T.D., T.J. Evans, C. Hamilton, S. Miller, C.J. Licensed polar bear tours originate in Fairbanks or Kaktovik, a small Inupiat community within the Arctic Refuge. 2018. 10 pp. 2012. Smith, R.R. A man from Arctic Village (Alaska), out checking his trap-line, killed a polar bear at his cabin when it came after him: only odd things were it was the first week of January and the cabin was more than 100 miles south of the Beaufort Sea coast. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. 2018. Kannan, K., Yun, S.H. Brower, C.D., A. Carpenter, M. Branigan, W. Calvert, T. Evans, A. Fischbach, J. Nagy, S. Schliebe, and I. Stirling. Arctic marine mammal population status, sea ice habitat loss, and conservation recommendations for the 21st century. Shideler, R.T. and C.J. Gabrielsen, J. Nagy, I. Stirling, and D.C.G. Report Series 2006-1337, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, Alaska. Rode, K.D., R.R. Wilson, D. Douglas, and S. Miller, and P. Terletzky. 2006. Wilson, K.D. Side note: polar bears will share food if another bear “begs” politely. The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species currently classifies the polar bear as ‘vulnerable.’. Evans, T.J., T.D.DeBruyn, S. Miller, J. Wilder, C.J. 2014. About 8,000 bears from Canada to Alaska to Russia share this divergent ice. Demography and behavior of polar bears feeding on stranded marine mammal carcasses in the Beaufort Sea region, Alaska. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015, Polar bear population dynamics in the southern Beaufort Sea during a period of sea ice declin, Establishing a definition of polar bear (, Arctic marine mammal population status, sea ice habitat loss, and conservation recommendations for the 21, Correction: implications of the circumpolar genetic structure of polar bears for their conservation in a rapidly warming Arctic, Implications of the circumpolar genetic structure of polar bears for their conservation in a rapidly warming Arctic, Resilience and risk: a demographic model to inform conservation planning for polar bears, Identifying polar bear resource selection patterns to inform conservation planning in a dynamic and changing Arctic, Variation in the response of an Arctic top predator experiencing habitat loss: feeding and reproductive ecology of two polar bear populations, A tale of two polar bear populations: ice habitat, harvest, and body condition, Carbon isotopes in exhaled breath track metabolic substrates in brown bears (, Hibernation and seasonal fasting in bears: the energetic costs and consequences for polar bears, Polar and brown bear genomes reveal ancient admixture and demographic footprints of past climate change, A circumpolar monitoring framework for polar bears, Regional contamination versus regional dietary differences: understanding geographic variation in brominated and chlorinated contaminant levels in polar bears, Flame retardants and legacy contaminants in polar bears from Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Svalbard, 2005-2008, Spatial and temporal trends of selected trace elements in liver tissue from polar bears (, Comments in response to “estimating the energetic contribution of polar bear (Ursus maritimus) summer diets to the total energy budget by Dyck and Kebreab, Reduced body size and cub recruitment in polar bears associated with sea ice decline, Polar bear conservation in the United States, Apparent shift in polar bear distribution and habitat association as a function of changing sea ice conditions during the fall open-water period in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, Geographic distribution of selected elements in the livers of polar bears from Greenland, Canada and the United States, Effects of sea ice extent and food availability on spatial and temporal distribution of polar bears during the fall open-water period in Southern Beaufort Sea, Efficacy of bear deterrent spray in Alaska, Response to Dyck et al. Females are smaller, weighing about half that of males and measuring 6-7 feet in length. Schliebe, S.L., J.W. Jansen. (pdf), Vongraven, D., J. Aars, S.Amstrup, S.N. Perham.  2009.  Survey of maternal polar bear den habitat between Atigaru Point and Kogru River Dew line Site, National Petroleum Reserve, Alaska, March 2009.  Unpubl. In: Arctic Bulletin; World Wildlife Fund No. Variation in the response of an Arctic top predator experiencing habitat loss: feeding and reproductive ecology of two polar bear populations. Fish and Wildlife Service Report; Anchorage, Alaska. 2016. Report to the Inupiat of the North Slope, Alaska and the Inuvialuit of the Northwest Territories, Canada, 2010-2011. Endangered Species Act (May 2008). 2010.  Summary of polar bear management in Alaska, 2008-2009.  Report to the Alaska Nanuuq Commission, December 2010, Anchorage, Alaska. Liston, G.E., C.J. (pdf). Rode, K.D. McKinney, K. Lillie, R.R. Rode, K.D., E.V. Prior to the early 1970s, this species suffered significant unsustainable hunting. 2015. There are 19 distinct sub-populations. If properly nourished, polar bears also have a thick fat layer. Schliebe, S., S. Kalxdorff, and T. Evans. E.W. Regehr, B.C. (pdf). Of that number, about 1,450 are harvested by hunters yearly. Regehr, and G.M. 2011. Technical Report MMM 04-01. 2016. Fish and Wildlife Service. Environmental Science & Technology 40:449-456. According to survey results from 2016 only recently made public, about 2937 bears (1522-5944) currently inhabit the region, making this the largest subpopulation in the Arctic. Wilson, R.R., C. Perham, D. French-McCay, and R. Balouskus. In July 2019, 31 of the 38 bears recorded were seen on shore. Journal of Mammalogy 93:1493-1503. Some images/graphics are licensed for use under the copyright law, and the use of the Service logo is restricted to official publications. Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants and metabolites in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, Canada, East Greenland, and Svalbard: 1996-2002. Its white coat, made of water repellant hair on top of a dense undercoat, serves as camouflage and acts to reflect sunlight to the bears black skin. U.S. Rode, J.F. polar bears could turn more to scavenging, Human-polar bear interaction will also likely increase, disturbances caused by development activities like seismic exploration. U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report, Anchorage, Alaska. Journal of the Animal Ecology. Collar temperature sensor data reveal long-term patterns in southern Beaufort Sea polar bear den distribution on pack ice and land. They can detect seal scent from almost one mile away! 2016. Regehr, D.C. Douglas, G. Durner, A.E. On Tuesday, February 18, 2020, the Service published a Federal Register notice (FR 32 8887) announcing the availability of a peer-reviewed scientific manuscript and associated model regarding seismic survey design and potential impacts to maternal polar bear dens. About 8,000 bears from Canada to Alaska to Russia share this divergent ice. Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants in polar bears from Eastern Russia, North America, Greenland, and Svalbard: Biomonitoring of arctic pollution. Miller, S., J. Wilder, and R.R. Bromaghin, D. Douglas, R.R. 1999. Olson, J.W., K.D. Wilson, M. Ben-David. Fatal bear attacks in North America have occurred in a variety of settings. 2017. Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne said at the department’s press conference that the polar bear population increased from 'a low of about 12,000 … Establishing a definition of polar bear (Ursus maritimus) health: a guide to research and management activities. Seismic survey design and impacts to maternal polar bear dens. PLoS One 1:e112021. Spatial and temporal trends of selected trace elements in liver tissue from polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. Von Duyke, J.M. Using genetics to verify sex of harvested polar bears: management implications. Rode, and M. St. Martin. Runge, and H. Stern. Wilson, G.M. Ecological Applications 25:634-651. Most people only ever get to see polar bears in a zoo. Current projections predict that by 2050, sea ice in the Arctic will be gone, and in another several decades polar bears in Alaska may follow. Response to Dyck et al. 2012. A tale of two polar bear populations: ice habitat, harvest, and body condition. E. Peacock, M. Taylor, I. Stirling, E.W. © 2019 Alaska Wilderness League | 122 C St NW, Ste 240, Washington, DC 20001 | Tel: 202-544-5205 Fax: 202-544-5197 | info@alaskawild.org | Privacy Policy. 2018. threatened species in the United States under the Endangered Species Act, Red List of Threatened Species currently classifies the polar bear as ‘vulnerable.’. A study by researchers at the University of Washington and federal Fish and Wildlife Agency says about 3,000 polar bears make up the population in the Chukchi. Durner. 1998. Nineteen populations of polar bears are distributed across the Arctic in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Norway, and Russia. Regehr, R.R. plus appendices. DENNING: Schliebe, S.L., T.J. Evans, S. Miller, C. J. Perham, and J.Wilder. As Arctic sea ice melts, polar bears are spending more time near the Alaska North Slope village of Kaktovik. 2018. Horne, K.D. They are listed as Threatened under the Endangered Species Act. It can also affect mother polar bears when they select their dens, or cause them to abandon a den and their cubs. Derocher, G. Durner, M. Gill, N. Lunn, M. Obbard, J. Omelak, N. Ovsyanikov, E. Peacock, F. Pokiak, E. Richardson, V. Sahanatien, I. Stirling, and O. Wiig. Polar bears in Alaska rely on the divergent ice ecoregion where sea ice pulls away from the coast in summer, and polar bears must be on land or stay with the ice as it recedes north. Wilson, E.V. Bromaghin, J.F., et al. Rode, K.D., E.V. Regehr, S.C. Amstrup, and M. Ben-David. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; Determination of threatened status for the polar bear (Ursus maritimus) throughout its range; Final Rule. 2018. An urgent need to address climate change Climate change is … Wilson, K.D. Nations, T.G. 2009.  Reduced body size and cub recruitment in polar bears associated with sea ice decline.  Ecological Applications: In press. Conservation plan for the polar bear in Alaska. Go to this sitefor more information.               Â. Brooks, J. J., R. G. Dvorak, M. Spindler, and S. Miller. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. Nageak, B.P., C.D.N. Whiteman, J.P., H.J. 25 pp. 2002. 56:337-343. 2003. 2010. Report to the Inupiat of the North Slope, Alaska, and the Inuvialuit of the Northwest Territories on polar bear management in the Southern Beaufort Sea, 2007-2008,  28-29 April 2009, Barrow, Alaska. Regehr, D. Douglas, and J. Olson. According to survey results from 2016 only recently made public, about 2937 bears (1522-5944) currently inhabit the region, making this the largest subpopulation in the Arctic. 1011 East Tudor Rd 2017. Kalxdorff, Susanne B. Cheuvront. McKinney, K. Lillie, R.R. Marine Mammals Management, U.S. Climate change! Fish and Wildlife Service-Marine Mammals Management, Anchorage, AK. In addition to the obvious adaptation of white coloration for camouflage against snow and ice, polar bears are well-adapted to living in an Arctic marine environment in the following ways: The largest member of the bear family, males measure 8-9 feet in length from nose to tail and generally weigh up to 1,300 pounds (they may weigh as much as 1,700+ pounds). U.S. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Working Meeting of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. Norstrom, R.J., S.E. Tøien, and O.L. Regehr, and S.C. Amstrup. Born, G.W. Relative influences of climate change and human activity on the onshore distribution of polar bears. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1, February 2008.  Unpubl. Wilson. This Island Village In Alaska Has More Polar Bears Than People. DeBruyn, T.D. 2001. However, consuming seal blubber is critical to allowing them to maintain their needed body weight. Atwood, E.V. (pdf), Letcher, R. J. M.A. The jail is housed inside a former military aircraft hangar, and contains a number of cells, each approximately 12 feet wide and 16 feet long. Budge. and E.V. These include: Southern Beaufort … Bridges, T.J. Evans, S.B. Polar bear management in Alaska 1988-92. McKinney, K. Lillie, R.R. Biological Conservation 214:288-294. Manuscript number 265. Wildlife Society Bulletin 41:537-547. Richardson, E.V. Evans, T.J. 2004. Spring fasting behavior among polar bears provides and index of ecosystem productivity. 1011 E. Tudor Road, Anchorage, Alaska 99503 Cubs who swim too far to find food often perish. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1029. 2001. Proceedings of the Beaufort Sea Polar Bear Monitoring Workshop.