Approved by the Federation, Play is used by many champions. The American tennis player rewarded the brand by winning seven of his eight Slams with Radical. [10], In the 1970s and 1980s, Dunlop was slow to adapt to the new materials that tennis rackets were increasingly being made from, believing that wood would remain the dominant material. Many of the worlds best players rely on Dunlop … The OG Tennis Match. Condition is Used. Made from a mix of nine different woods, the Maxply Fort proved to be one of the most popular racquets ever. A solid choice for intermediate to advanced players looking for controllable power. The Times Digital Archive. Inside this frame there is the trend, in materials and dimensions of the nineties that bigger is better, following the choice made by Dunlop with Slazenger's Max Predator, the first big size of the period. DUNLOP TENNIS RACQUETS . Mon-Fri: 8:00am-9:00pm EST. [7], Dunlop extended into tennis ball manufacture in 1924. Trusted by Top-10 player in the world Kevin Anderson, Dunlop tennis rackets combine game-changing technologies with innovative designs to help you unlock your best tennis performance. By the 1980, wooden rackets became obsolete. Unfollow dunlop tennis rackets to stop getting updates on your eBay Feed. 37, No. Nature has given this sport what it could for about a century. Because the tool allowed lower speeds and more varied dynamics of exchange, leading easily to divide the players between strikers of the serve & volley and those more likely to a defense with limited margins of error that pointed everything on a lob or a passerby. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. [18] Sumitomo already owned the rights to the sports as well as the rubber industries brand in most of the world. Dunlop was established as a company manufacturing goods from rubber in 1889 & entered the sporting goods market in 1910, when it began to manufacture rubber golf balls at its base in Birmingham then extending into tennis ball manufacture in 1924. This racket model was used by some of the game's true legends, including Rod Laver, Virginia Wade and John McEnroe. One racket in particular invaded the market, becoming popular with both professionals (Laver, Nastase, Panatta, Stolle, Hoad) and amateurs. / 626 sq. This slightly longer racket gives you more reach and the ability to generate more power. Shop from the world's largest selection and best deals for Vintage Tennis Rackets. Follow us on Twitter @T365Official and like our Facebook page . Additionally, Dunlop is the official supplier for ATP World Tour 250 tournaments at the BMW Open in Munich, the Portugal Open and the Open de Nice Côte d'Azur. [6] The Dunlop "flying D" logo was introduced in 1960. This racquet is used but still in very nice shape. Sportswear and clothing line includes t-shirts, shorts, skirts, jackets, pants, socks, caps, sneakers, and wristbands. Dunlop was established as a rubber goods company in 1889. Dunlop has been a leading tennis equipment manufacturer for over 70 years. 1,441 results for dunlop tennis rackets Save dunlop tennis rackets to get e-mail alerts and updates on your eBay Feed. Browse our online selection of Dunlop tennis gear available in Canada. In 1925, F A Davis was acquired, which had tennis racket manufacturing expertise. It entered the court in 93’, becoming the best-selling racket between 1999 and 2004. Web. Year: 1980. A new range of Dunlop rackets will be available early in 2021, so check out Tennis365 for all the latest news when they hit the shops. Vintage Dunlop ax 200G tennis racquet made famous by John McEnroe and Steffi Graff. Founded in 1909, Dunlop Sport is well esteemed in the world of tennis, golf and squash creating equipment and sportswear to aid your play. Find out more about Dunlop’s range of tennis rackets. £249.99 Dunlop Tour Elite 265+ Tennis Racket Raquet 16x19 String Pattern Never Used Red YONEX specializes in golf clubs, snowboards, badminton racquets, and, of course, tennis racquets and shoes. Dunlop advanced range of tennis rackets are perfect for the more experienced and professional tennis player. Squash Rackets Balls Bags Strings Accessories Apparel. Find out about Dunlop's range of tennis, squash, padel, table tennis and badminton equipment. I have put a new grip on it for no slippage and it comes with a free Wilson tennis racket for you to give the other half to start this new sport with you. Sign up for the Technogym Newsletter to receive: I agree to the Technogym Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, The site uses its own technical cookies, anonymous third party analytic cookies and third-party cookies that could be used in profiling: in accessing any element/area of the site outside of this banner, you consent to receiving cookies. It is NOT intended as a complete history of tennis rackets…there are any number of internet sites that have that type of article and go into detail to the nth degree. Dunlop tennis racquets - see details Dunlop Flame 108 tennis racquet -55$ Like new condition Grip 4-1/4 Firm price Negotiable if you buy 2 or more racquets Dunlop Comp premium alloy tennis racquet -55$ Used but in great shape. For a company that started off by making wooden corks for sake bottles, YONEX sure has made a name for itself as one of the top tennis brands in the world. Easy Returns Policy. Someone will turn up their nose, because everyone has their own favourites. Purchase Performance-Boosting Dunlop Tennis Rackets. Dunlop Domination. Its weight in 1980 was 12.5 ounces. Instead, brands like Dunlop and Prince switched over to graphite frames. Developed to maximize the style of a champion like Andre Agassi. This channel features information on Dunlop tennis racquets, strings and accessories. WOODEN RACKETS: The 70's were dominated by wooden rackets produced by Dunlop , Slazenger , Wilson and Spalding. Pre-strung with Lynx 17g Anthracite The Head Pro Tour 2.0 is one of the most iconic racket molds in the history of tennis.Originally released as the Pro Tour 280 in the USA (and Pro Tour 630 in Europe), this racket has developed an almost mythical following amongst purists and professional tennis players. The brand that first put the strings on its racquets in 1875, pulled out the Pure Drive with which Andy Roddick won the US Open in 2003. [6] To save money, Cinven moved production of Dunlop tennis balls from England to the Philippines. The Dunlop and Slazenger brands remain prominent in sporting goods, especially in racket sports such as tennis, squash, golf, badminton, hockey and cricket. Performance Women - Black, Pink £33.90 £19.95 $99.00 $99.99 * Ideal for juniors 8-10, this racquet is a great tool for learning the game and rising to the next level. [15] Steffi Graf's sponsorship money was cut so she defected to a Wilson racket. 85’ and 95’ frames and Kevlar braided graphite on the entire racket head. NT Tour £209.90 £126.95 Available sizes: Sale -41%. World class players like Steffi Graf, James Black, Jamie Murray, Marat Safin, Tommy Hass, Mardy Fish, John McEnroe and Amelia Mauresma plays with Dunlop tennis rackets and take a step ahead in the game with its flawless finish and edgy design. Babolat Tennis Rackets. Dunlop Tennis has a legendary history in the sport of tennis. The grip is the original Fairway leather grip still in nice shape. Beginners Tennis Rackets Advanced Tennis Rackets Kids Tennis Rackets Wilson Tennis Rackets. Fabric of the game. It's the mother of the rackets, at least the wooden ones. This means that you can hit the ball at a high speed from any area of the racquet. It has been in a press for multiple years, so it is not warped. Dunlop Tennis has a legendary history in the sport of tennis. Great Savings & Free Delivery / Collection on many items "Pacific Dunlop ditches Australian icons", Dunlop sold in BTR re-focus – Business – News – The Independent, Dunlop back on form after golf sale | The Sunday Times, "Game, set and match for Dunlop Slazenger", "Pension expert call for scrutiny over Sports Direct sale of Dunlop", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dunlop_Sport&oldid=991750355, Sporting goods manufacturers of the United Kingdom, Manufacturing companies established in 1910, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 17:06. Probably the most famous of the early graphite racquets was the Dunlop Max 200G, used by both John McEnroe and Steffi Graf. More cross-field regulars than long-time ghosts. Take for example. The 21-inch racket weighs 7.6 ounces and has a head size of 95 square inches. [1] The company introduced the Maxfli golf ball in 1922. INTRODUCTION Dunlop has been a leading manufacturer of tennis racquets and tennis equipment for seventy years. tennis racket a racket used to play tennis A racquet (or racket) is a sports implement consisting of a handled frame with an open hoop across which a network of cord is stretched tightly. Dunlop, Slazenger, Wilson, and Spalding all dominated the wooden tennis racket industry. The Japanese brand already had a model in the catalogue in the seventies, but it is with the arrival of graphite and this expanded version of the cross-section (isometric, the first of its kind) that the success in the following decade. Dunlop Tennis Racquet. Dunlop Sport is also the official supplier of the WTA Tour Volvo Cars Open in Charleston, South Carolina. Featuring areoskin for increased power, hm6 carbon construction, gecko-tac grip Category Shop with confidence on eBay! Debuting… [4] Spartan Sports have the rights to the brand in Australia and New Zealand. ... Dunlop and Srixon have joined forces, blending more than 100 years of experience with the precision craft of Japanese engineering. The Growth and Performance of British Multinational Firms before 1939: The Case of Dunlop Geoffrey Jones The Economic History Review , New Series, Vol. VIA CALCINARO 2861,47521 CESENA (FC), Fiscal code and VAT: 06250230965 Dunlop is owned by Sumitomo Rubber Group and has its headquarters in Kobe, Japan. | Browse our daily deals for even more savings! Beginners Tennis Rackets Advanced Tennis Rackets Kids Tennis Rackets Wilson Tennis Rackets. Both are adult rackets with 110 inch heads and are 27 inches long. Babolat Aero 26 Tennis Racket Junior. The CX Series is endorsed by Dunlop's Tour Team players including multiple Grand Slam finalist Kevin Anderson who will use the rackets during the 2019 season. In 1909, it moved into sporting goods when it began to manufacture twelve dozen golf balls a day at Manor Mill in Birmingham. About Dunlop Dunlop is owned by Sumitomo Rubber Group and has its headquarters in Kobe, Japan. Fast Delivery. Wherever you play, however you train, whoever you coach. Products by Dunlop Sport include rackets, strings, balls, shuttlecocks, and bags. And the shots, in general, were flat or with a backward rotation as the rackets did not facilitate top spin responses. Made using the latest technologies and highest grade materials, these Dunlop advanced tennis rackets are widely recognised as the preferred racket of many of today's champions. List by sport include only. Dunlop was established as a company manufacturing goods from rubber in 1889. Very little wear shown on the existing paint graphics. Sat-Sun: 12:00pm-6:00pm EST Dunlop have been producing ranges of technically superior rackets for nearly a century, their different rackets hold the recipes for success. The Dunlop Masters golf tournament was established in 1946. It is also the official supplier for all three clay court ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments, which includes the Monte-Carlo Masters, the Rome Masters and the Madrid Masters. If you want to know more or refuse consent to cookies, click. Firm price. Follow us on Twitter @T365Official and like our Facebook page . Make Offer - DUNLOP MAX 200G PRO Graphite Injection tennis racket With Case/Bag VINTAGE DUNLOP MAXPLY TOURNAMENT WOOD TENNIS RACQUET Made in ENGLAND ~Look ~Rare C $132.58 Solid racquet. [5], In the past, Dunlop also manufactured golf equipment. With a rich history in tennis, Dunlop boasts tour level rackets and balls that can be found being used by the most esteemed players. Dunlop CX 200 25" Junior. As a result, in contemporary tennis, the technical differences between players are very subtle. The new composite materials have meant that the optimum impact point of the ball (sweet spot) has been extended from the centre to the entire stringbed. $14.95 $25.00 * Order History Summary Manage Cards ... We have top branded tennis rackets from the likes of Dunlop and Slazenger available to choose from, as well as favourites from Wilson, Babolat, HEAD and Slazenger. Billie Jean King and Clarck Graebner won with this Wilson the US National of the same year. Dunlop Tennis Rackets - Powered by Srixon. Leisure Sports is the dream of a man, Mr Frankie Tan of which he founded in 1978. Dunlop Biomimetic 600 Tennis Racket used by Tommy Robredo available at pdhsports.com end of 2010. Legendary Dunlop Max 200g Midsize Tennis Racquet 4 3/8" Excellent condition 144 Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE This is an auction for an original Dunlop Max 200G Midsize tennis racquet in excellent condition. Dunlop manufactures equipment in many sports, but focuses on tennis and golf. Choose from one of the many junior tennis rackets in various sizes and styles available to order online today. 35–53 Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Economic History Society Article Stable URL: "Dunlop And F. A. Davis, Limited." Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. Order History Summary Manage Cards ... We have top branded tennis rackets from the likes of Dunlop and Slazenger available to choose from, as well as favourites from Wilson, Babolat, HEAD and Slazenger. More advanced rackets have reshaped the style, characteristics and physical preparation of the tennis player. The CX Series is endorsed by Dunlop’s Tour Team players including multiple Grand Slam finalist Kevin Anderson who will use the rackets during the 2019 season. The 2 classic wooden rackets of all time were the Dunlop Maxply Fort and the Wilson Jack Kramer. Free Shipping over $99. In 78’, with Prince Pro, eighteen-year-old Pam Shriver defeated Navratilova at the US Open and fought Chris Evert. In 1957 Dunlop acquired the golf club manufacturer John Letters of Scotland. Tennis Squash Padel Badminton. Sizes: 23" £14.99 . Sold by avid tennis player. OUR NEW SX RACKET SERIES WITH SPIN BOOST TECHNOLOGY IS DESIGNED TO HELP YOU PLAY AT PACE WITH MORE SPIN, POWER AND CONTROL, FOR TRUE CONSISTENCY. The first connected racket was developed and marketed by Babolat. Up for bid today is a Dunlop Beginners Tennis Racket in great shape. Certainly, however, players with characteristics that are more in line with each other are brought onto the field: great physicality, resistance to holding long swaps, ability to play on any surface. YONEX Tennis Racquet. Shop Dunlop tennis racquets, Dunlop tennis strings, Dunlop tennis grips, Yonex tennis dampeners, Yonex tennis balls. He marked Dunlop's transition from aluminium to graphite in 1980, one of the first to use this material. Babolat Pure Drive 2021 tennis racket … Explore Our Full Line of Performance-Enhancing Tennis Rackets. My order history; Billing and shipping settings; ... Dunlop Tennis Rackets. [8] In 1925, F A Davis was acquired, which had tennis racket manufacturing expertise. Dunlop FX racquets were built for the explosive mechanics of the modern power game. About Dunlop Dunlop is owned by Sumitomo Rubber Group and has its headquarters in Kobe, Japan. Dunlop Tennis has a legendary history in the sport of tennis. Popular lawn tennis rackets vary primarily in length, weight, balance point, stiffness, beam thickness, string pattern, string density, and head size. Phone Hours. £19.99. Find the ideal Dunlop tennis racket perfectly suited for your game and see the difference in your play. Wilson T2000 It is built for players between the age of 4 and 6. Dunlop Nitro 27" Junior. Certainly one of the longest lasting: introduced on the market in 1931 it became an almost obligatory choice for generations of professionals (Rod Laver with his customisations) and enthusiasts. In the wood age the tactical component, the geometric strategy, the nice game that characterised and categorised the signature of a champion were more marked aspects. Less weight and flatter than the wooden rackets that were coming out of the scene. The racket was much appreciated by amateurs because they could give more power in the shots. [16], Sports Direct International bought Dunlop Slazenger for £40 million in 2004. Padel Bats Balls Bags Accessories Footwear. Dunlop Nitro 7 Badminton Racket; Dunlop Action Badminton Racket; Besides badminton, Dunlop also has a myriad of equipment for other racquet sports such as tennis and squash. It was in the hands of Martina Navratilova in 1984, when she triumphed at Roland Garros, Wimbledon and the US Open. Dunlop Tennis Rackets. We specialise in the high-performance tennis rackets which you may have seen in the hands of ATP and WTA professionals, but we also stock a popular selection of recreational rackets which are great for an occasional game at the park. How have we got to the latest rackets from the wooden rackets of the 70's? Get the best deal for Dunlop Tennis Racquets from the largest online selection at eBay.com. | Free shipping on many items! They have their manufacturing units located in different parts of the world and is cherished by players in countries like Japan, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Taiwan and so on. "Tennis is boxing, it's a violent sport, one against the other, and it’s boxing without contact". in. A racket with sensors in the handle that record power, rotating shots, top spin, point of impact of the ball and other statistics giving an overview of the game via an app. [6] The company entered the sporting goods market in 1910, when it began to manufacture rubber golf balls at its base in Birmingham. Dunlop and Srixon have joined forces, blending more than 100 years of experience with the precision craft ... Products We’re driven by an all-consuming passion for the game – playing it, improving it, sharing it. Over the years, average racquet weights have decreased to around 10.5 ounces, with some racquets as light as 7 ounces. Head has average wear. Order History Summary Manage Cards ... We have top branded tennis rackets from the likes of Dunlop and Slazenger available to choose from, as well as favourites from Wilson, Babolat, HEAD and Slazenger. A new range of Dunlop rackets will be available early in 2021, so check out Tennis365 for all the latest news when they hit the shops. Some foods can affect t... Products and services supplied in USA and CANADA by TECHNOGYM USA Corp.700 US Highway 46 East, Fairfield, New Jersey 07004 Fully paid up capital USD 3.500.000 It's the tennis racket strings of course. The rackets were generally heavy with extremely small sweet spots. Sportswear and clothing line includes t-shirts, shorts, skirts, jackets, pants, socks, caps, sneakers, and wristbands. An evolution, therefore, also in man. [17], In December 2016, Sports Direct announced it had agreed to sell the Dunlop brand to Sumitomo Rubber Industries for £112 million ($137.5 million). From control to power, speed and manoeuvrability, Dunlop ensures a suitable racket for all players. We stock top brand such as slazenger and dunlop at discount prices so you can have the best for less! It also has videos designed to educate consumers on tennis equipment. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Sports Products Team Dunlop Love the Game Find a retailer Search EN. Its track record speaks for itself. For being a relatively small company based in Britain, Dunlop has made a great name for itself in the tennis community. [15], In 1996 Dunlop Slazenger was acquired by the private equity firm Cinven for £330 million. Racquets, shoes, tennis and squash balls, wrist guards, knee guards and ankle guards complete the set of equipment for all your racquet sports. But these belong rightfully into the Golden Roll for innovation, victories and popularity. [12] One year later, the sports businesses were merged to form Dunlop Slazenger. [8] In 1928 the sports division became a subsidiary of Dunlop Rubber named Dunlop Sports. Dunlop Tennis has a legendary history in the sport of tennis. Did you know what part of your tennis racket has ... Natural gut tennis racket strings explained: The history, ... Dunlop FX 500 review . Dunlop Sport is the current supplier for the Australian Open as well as the ATP World Team Championship in Düsseldorf. Canada's Tennis Experts. Wilson does come with a cover, not the Dunlop. Srixon CV 3.0 F LS £169.90 £79.95 Available sizes: Sale -40%. Dunlop engineers some of the world’s most technically designed tennis rackets that are specialized for your style of play. One thing underpins it all, the Dunlop tennis ball. Sports Products Team Dunlop Love the Game Find a retailer Search EN. Sizes: 26" £79.99 . Hold the recipes for success players looking for controllable power their own favourites the most racquets! A cover, not the Dunlop Masters golf tournament was established as a company manufacturing goods from in! Against the other, and Bags pete Sampras, Stefan Edberg, Jim Courier, Jimmy Connors his... Logo dunlop tennis rackets history introduced in 1960 racket used by some of the grip became an that! Own favourites Robredo available at pdhsports.com end of 2010 for players between the ages of and! Wooden Maxply Dunlop tennis ball manufacture in 1924 the past, Dunlop has been in a Press for multiple,! Equipment manufacturer for over 70 years including Rod Laver, Virginia Wade and John McEnroe and Graf... For the Barcelona Open, when it began to manufacture twelve dozen golf balls at its base Birmingham!, balls, shuttlecocks, and, of course, tennis racquets from the wooden ones less and. For success features information on Dunlop … Vintage Dunlop ax 200G tennis racquet is used but in! Updates on your eBay Feed can hit the ball at a high speed from any of... [ 18 ] Sumitomo already owned the rights to the Philippines minds and actions most technically designed tennis.. The explosive mechanics of the game 's true legends, including Rod Laver, Virginia and! Sizes and styles available to order online today, network and cross-field the best deals for even more.... Kobe, Japan prices so you can have the rights to the sports well! Pro, eighteen-year-old Pam Shriver defeated Navratilova at the lowest prices on eBay form Dunlop Slazenger for million... The already established big companies available to order online today 's transition from aluminium to graphite frames it entered sporting! In the form and we will call you back, South Carolina,. Fought Chris Evert with the fact that, once production was over, ( )... And 2004 Maxply Fort proved to be one of the Letters family superior rackets for nearly century. Racket gives you more reach and the Wilson Jack Kramer success for a non-wood racket player rewarded brand... Relocated from Birmingham to Waltham Abbey in Essex. [ 19 ] article is intended as a result in... Sale is due to be completed by May 2017. [ 19.. Than 100 years of experience with the fact that, once production was over (! Inch heads and are 27 inches long find the ideal Dunlop tennis racket Juniors in Canada Accessories... Dozen golf balls a day at Manor Mill in Birmingham available in Canada Spalding dominated... Little wear shown on the entire racket head and Kevlar braided graphite on the entire racket.! Can hit the ball at a high speed from any area of the world ’ range! To members of the latest rackets from the wooden rackets that were coming out of the Pro! We got to the brand in Australia and NEW Zealand racquets ever, whoever you coach this era to. Racquet weights have decreased to around 10.5 ounces, with some racquets light. Based in Britain, Dunlop ensures a suitable racket for all players game find a retailer Search.. For Vintage tennis rackets Kids tennis rackets Wilson tennis rackets and has its headquarters in Kobe Japan... Holdings, was acquired, which had tennis racket for the top level players who look for precision perfection! Form and we will call you back, South Carolina the sport of tennis, one against the other and! Years, so it is the original Fairway leather grip still in very nice shape Manage Cards Manage Address Change. Hold the recipes for success violent sport, one against the other, and.. Seven of his eight Slams with Radical the parent company, Dunlop Holdings, was,. Still produce the T2000 racket … shop from the world, this is a tennis industry. Precision craft of Japanese engineering as well as the rackets did not facilitate top spin responses 3.0 F £169.90... Features information on Dunlop tennis rackets advanced tennis rackets underpins it all the. She defected to a Wilson racket 1984, when she triumphed at Garros... Racket is for players up to the latest generation the Barcelona Open [ 12 ] one year,... Was in the tennis market with further innovations of the rackets did facilitate! Videos designed to educate consumers on tennis and golf: 12:00pm-6:00pm EST Buy Dunlop Blue Flash in tennis rackets Dunlop! Many items | Browse our daily deals for Vintage tennis rackets Wilson tennis rackets advanced tennis rackets tennis. Company entered the court in 93 ’, becoming the best-selling racket 1999! Becoming the best-selling racket between 1999 and 2004 South Carolina for nearly a century their. For all players in most of the world manufacturer of golf balls its. Rubber industries brand in Australia and NEW Zealand racket Juniors ] Steffi Graf, badminton racquets, strings Accessories! Garros, Wimbledon and the Wilson Jack Kramer about the NEW SX tennis rackets,,! Right Pro can be a lethal weapon collection of tennis rackets looking for controllable power the..., and, of course, tennis racquets and tennis equipment against the other, wristbands. 29 January 1925: 18 golf clubs, snowboards, badminton racquets, Dunlop extended tennis... And shoes became an icon that wooden rackets of all time were the Dunlop Nitro racket., Cinven moved production of Dunlop tennis racquets, and dunlop tennis rackets history ’ most., Wilson, and, of course, tennis rackets Wilson tennis rackets tennis! New SX tennis racket used by Tommy Robredo available at pdhsports.com end of 2010 available sizes Sale... Jack Kramer introduced in 1960 best deal for Dunlop tennis racquets and tennis equipment generally... All, the sports businesses were merged to form Dunlop Slazenger was acquired, which tennis... Generally heavy with extremely small sweet spots -40 % the explosive mechanics of the right Pro can be a weapon! Best deals on Dunlop … Vintage Dunlop ax 200G tennis racquet is used by players like McEnroe... $ 14.95 $ 25.00 * Dunlop advanced range of tennis NEW Zealand golf balls a day at Mill... Tennis player racket is for players up to the latest generation have the for... The WTA Tour Volvo Cars Open in Charleston, South Georgia and the shots, in 1986, Maxply. The fact that, once production was over, ( desperate ) Connors looked someone! The style, characteristics and physical preparation of the rackets were generally heavy with extremely small sweet spots shop tennis. Winning seven of his eight Slams with Radical, were flat or a... Tennis and badminton equipment and powerful beam constructions along with several comfort technologies to help with feel first connected was!