Convict Cichlids are found in the wild in Central America, in specific regions. [38] Because the convict cichlids are also substrate-brooding, this territory will include a breeding site for the deposition of eggs. Convict fish are in the shape of an oval. from a stream in Honduras. These fish are semi-aggressive and need an isolated place to dwell. Savings will automatically reflect in shopping cart with the purchase of qualifying merchandise. [5] Other new species formerly included in A. nigrofasciata are Amatitlania coatepeque, from Lake Coatepeque in El Salvador, and Amatitlania kanna, from Panama's Atlantic coast. Convict cichlids have a fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you’ll need to make in that department. The species is an unfussy omnivore and most types of prepared fish foods are readily accepted. However, because they are biparentally custodial, each sex will still focus on a specific set of behaviors in particular, which is susceptible to change during the brood cycle. Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata Common Name: Marble Convict Cichlid Max Size: 5" pH: 6.0-8.0 Hardness: Hard Temperature: 70-82° Aggressiveness: Aggressive Region of Origin: Central America Captive Bred or Wild: Captive Bred Diet: Flake or pellet, frozen … Difficulty: Easy to Moderate (not ideal for community tanks)Temperament: AggressiveLatin Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciataAdult full size: 5" - 6”Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallonsPlant Safe: NoFoods: Flakes, Cichlid Pellets, Krill, Shrimp, BloodwormsDescription: Fairly aggressive for a cichlid of its size and can face off against cichlids larger than it. [37], Convict cichlids are serially monogamous, so pair bonds may form first before they establish a territory together, or the male and female may each obtain a territory before pairing with each other. Priority management actions for alien freshwater fish species in Australia. Kribensis Cichlid. On the fishes of the states of Central America, founded upon specimens collected in fresh and marine waters of various parts of that country by Messrs. Salvin and Godman and Capt. Diet / Foods : They should accept nearly all aquarium fish foods including flakes, frozen, freeze dried, live and cichild pellets. Many cichlids can become quite aggressive with tank mates while spawning. The convict cichlid (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) is a fish species from the family Cichlidae, native to Central America,[1] also known as the zebra cichlid. Gender : Males may be larger than females of the same age. Decor: Black Convicts do not need gravel and a layer more than 1/4" thick will usually fill with bits of uneaten food that will contaminate the water. However, when both mates are present and an intruder is introduced, the male spends more time chasing intruders while the female remains with the offspring more. Privacy Policy | SiteMap | Aquarium Dictionary | Affiliate Disclosure | Contact Us. The female Convict Cichlid are brighter in colour, and they develop yellow or red spots on their belly as soon as they become sexually mature. The ol' saying that these fish started spawning IN THE BAG on the way home from the Pet Store, is not too far from the truth! A Friendly Online Community For Cichlid Enthusiasts Convict Cichlid tank size? The minimum tank size for a Convict Cichlid male and female is 30 gallons. Perfect for beginner aquarists, the Convict Cichlid is a relatively small fish that will grow up to around 6 inches in length for males, and around 4 inches in length for females. All they need are stable water parameters and a cave or flower pot for securing the eggs. Breeding convicts is as simple as having a male and a female in the same tank with adequate water quality and feeding. The male also have larger dorsal and anal fins compared to the female Convict Cichlid. Convict Cichlid Tropical Fish Learn all about the Convict Cichlid's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. [25][26], In natural habitats, the species has a diet composed of various prey, including crustaceans, small fish, insects, worms, plants and algae. [30][31] In darkness the pair recognizes each other and detect predators using their sense of smell. Pictus catfish, plecostomus, as well as other convicts. You’ll find them in the Pacific Slope from Rio Sucio, El Salvador to Rio Suchiate. Trust, you’ll be quite amazed by the sight of hundreds of little convicts swimming in … When both mates are present with no intruder, both parents may stay with the offspring by resembling single parents because each parent is addressing only the offspring and not its mate, or one parent may be concentrated on activities associated with the offspring while the other parent concentrates on patrolling and defending the area. [42] The female tends to remain with the brood and perform activities involving the brood fanning the eggs, whereas the male tends to patrol the area to chase intruders and defend from predators. Great for beginner fish keepers. They are known to attack without reason and without provocation (encroachment of territory etc. At the age of seven months, they are old enough to start their own families. Ideal tank mates for convict cichlids consists of robust similar sized fish. They can also be found i… The former variable was considered because the specialization of parental roles only occurs when both parents are present, while the latter variable was considered because it is thought that biparental care in these cichlids was an evolutionary consequence of the protection of offspring from intruders. Body size is from 8 cm (3 in) to 12 centimeters (4.7 in). Sexually mature convicts form monogamous pairs and spawn in small caves or crevices. In: R.E. Keeping a pair of them in a community tank is just asking for trouble. Another reason that has been considered is that foreign young that are larger than the biological offspring may be a direct predatory threat to them. In the African cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni, the size of the soma of GnRH expressing neurons in the POA varies with social status in males, and with breeding state in females. [42][43] Both parents are able to carry out all of the parental care tasks to a certain extent. Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciatus Pronunciation: n-gr-f s--t-s Common Name(s): Convict, Zebra Cichlid Geo. The male Convict Cichlid can grow up to 6 inches, whilst the female will grow to around 4.5 inches. That's one of the cichlid species that has been cross bred with different varieties of cichlids in order to achieve this characteristic. Aquarium size for Convict Cichlids: If you are keeping a pair of Convict Cichlids 25 to 30 gallon would suffice, in case its a community of Convict Cichlids 50 to 60 gallon aquarium is needed, in case you want them in a South American Cichlid community aquarium … It could be that your cichlid is comfortable in it's surroundings and doesn't feel threatened. This is common in cichlid fish, and studies have shown coordination between the female and male. Ferraris, Jr. [42], The different ways in which this biparental sex role specialization can be influenced was studied by manipulating the presence and absence of the mate as well as the presence and absence of an intruder. The minimum tank size we … Approximate Purchase Size: 1-1/2" to Fishlore specified Convicts only grow up to 4" Max. This can provide hours of enjoyment. Females do benefit by mating with a larger male, as it has been shown that larger males can raise more offspring to independence, are better at chasing predators that might attack offspring, and are better at competing for breeding sites. Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. This animal is part of the Freshwater Frenzy DLC. Convict cichlids occupy a strange niche between peaceful and aggressive fish. [22] In addition to Australia, the species has been introduced to Réunion, Japan,[1] Mexico,[12] Colombia,[23] Taiwan,[24] and the USA. In the tank, males usually grow to about 6.5″ (17cm) long. [20], The species also occurs outside its natural range, even being found in Australia, where it can be found in the warm effluent of power stations in Victoria, and in tropical Queensland. With the scientific name of Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus. [40], The female's preference for the male mate has also been examined, in accordance to the male's size and fighting ability. The type species, A. nigrofasciata, which used to cover all these species, is restricted to the northern population ranging from El Salvador to Guatemala on the Pacific coast and from Honduras to Guatemala on the Atlantic coast. The convict cichlid can reach sexual maturity as young as 16 weeks, though sexual maturity more commonly occurs at 6 months. In: Wisenden, B. D. (1994). The adult Cichlid has eight or nine black stripes on its body and the juvenile fish has fewer stripes than the adult fish. These cichlids should eat nearly everything offered including flakes, frozen and live fish foods. [39], Convict cichlids are a biparental species, so the parents will usually cooperate by carrying out tasks specific to their individual parental roles when raising their offspring. Please note whether you want a black convict or pink convict. Approximate Purchase Size: 1-1/2" to 2". They have the common name of "convict" because of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport. Scientific Name: Amatitlania nigrofasciata Common Name: Marble Convict Cichlid Max Size: 5" pH: 6.0-8.0 Hardness: Hard Temperature: 70-82 Aggressiveness: Aggressive Region of Origin: Central America Captive Bred or Wild This cichlid can get to be about 4 inches (10 cm) and should do fine in a 20 gallon (78 liters) or larger aquarium. Comments: These are awesome fish with great coloration and a very unusual mouth shape. In Guatemala, you’ll find them in the Atlantic Slope from Rio Patuca, Honduras to Rio Jutiapa in Guatemala. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. Picking proper tank mates is a must. Grayish body with vertical black stripes. The common pleco, a notable tank buster, is not a fish that the average person can keep. Convict cichlid Zebra cichlid Blaukehlchen (DE) Zebrabuntbarsch (DE) Grünflossenbuntbarsch (DE) Origin Origin: central America Biotope: American Dimorphism The female is much smaller than the male. Which, in the Convict cichlid, means just about all the time! It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. The cichlid family is one of the largest groups of fish on the planet with over 650 species found throughout the world. [1][17] The body weight of the fish is about 34–36 grams (1.2–1.3 oz). Now established in Opaek’a and Kalama streams on Kauai. (2004). However, often size is not the only criterion, besides this, the fish should have a fairly peaceful character (the ability to get along even with smaller species), and not cause serious harm to the aquarium plants, do not dig soil, etc. [1] Selective breeding has resulted in a leucistic strain, which lacks the dark barring of the wild type. Comments: These are awesome fish with great coloration and a very unusual mouth shape. They should place the eggs on the walls or top of the flower pot. They should do well with other larger cichlids but you may see some aggression from time to time. [36], Both parents remain involved in guarding the fry from brood predators and engage in behaviors to assist feeding such as moving leaves or fin digging (digging up the substrate with their fins). Despite this, their weights are almost equal, about 33 to 37 grams. Central … Even the males grow up to 6”, whereas the females can only grow up to 4.5”. Pink Convict Cichlids or Black Convict Cichlids. Like most cichlids, such as Oreochromis mossambicus, convicts brood (exhibit parental care of) both eggs and free-swimming fry. They are known to be serially monogamous, a male and a female Convict Cichlid form a pair Convict Cichlid Size Difference Between Male and Female This fish has black and white stripes on its body. Jaguar Cichlid (Managuense Cichlid) Jaguar Cichlid - Nandopsis managuense The Jaguar Cichlid is also commonly known as the Managuense Cichlid or Aztec Cichlid. The popular pseudo-albino forms are known as the Pink Convict Cichlid or White Convict Cichlid. Fish Disease : Freshwater Fish Disease - Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment. Convict fish are in the shape of an oval. They fan the eggs both day and night; at night they use their sense of smell to recognize the presence of the eggs in the dark, and they keep their pelvic fins in contact with the eggs to remain at the right distance for fanning. [2] Convict cichlids are popular aquarium fish[1] and have also been the subject of numerous studies on fish behaviour. Other fast moving fish such as Giant Danios can be used as dither fish. Origin: Parrot Cichlids are hybrids of Cichlids named Paraneetroplus synspilus and Amphilophus citrinellus , which are both native to Central Convict Cichlid Fry (source – CC BY-SA 4.0) The hatched fry should be able to swim freely after about seven days. Make sure they have a tank of at least 20 gallons per pair, though ideally, 35+ gallons per pair is best. Convict Cichlid Size is about 1.5-2 inches. Temperature : 70°F - 80°F (21°C - 27°C) Water Hardness : 10° to 15° dH. No matter the name this sturdy fish is easy to care for making it the ideal fish … Black Convict Cichlid – A Complete Guide (Care, Diet, Facts) Read More » Moreover, as the two nest density regimes were compared, with one high and one low, there was no significant difference in brood survival between the two; however, the convict cichlids did prefer to breed farther away from each other, not in close proximity. Eggs should hatch within 3 to 4 days and the parents may relocate them to a pit where they can watch over them. Tank Region : Bottom to middle areas of the tank. "This distinctively marked fish protects its young from much larger tank mates proving that size isn't everything!" They will get quite aggressive in protecting their territory and they should not be kept with peaceful community type fishes. [15][16] Convict cichlids are aggressively territorial during breeding and pairs are best kept alone. [13], The wild-type of the species has 8 or 9 black vertical bars on a blue-grey body, along with a dark blotch on the operculum. [32], After hatching, the larvae spend another 72 hours absorb their yolk sacs and developing their fins before they become free-swimming fry. [19] At four natural habitats of the convict cichlid in Costa Rica, the pH was found to range from 6.6–7.8, while carbonate hardness (KH) ranged from 63 to 77 ppm CaCO3. Also carrying the name of the Zebra Cichlid. Reis, S.O. Thus, it can be concluded that the brood adoption and rejection rely more heavily on the protection of the biological offspring from differential predator instead of from larger adopted cichlids. Common Names : Convict, Zebra Cichlid, Albino Convict. Convict cichlid keeping is quite the same as for a classical cichlid species. We can find its gender-based on body size… [15][16] Due to the species' tendency to dig, external filtration is superior to undergravel filter systems. Convict Cichlids, also known as zebra cichlids due to their beautiful black and white stripes, are an ideal fish for beginners. The great part about breeding them is watching the parental care given to the fry. Don't be surprised to see convicts harassing fish double or even triple their size! Originally, it was thought that they were native to Panama, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua, as well, but that belief has been dispelled. Male fish can reach up to 13 – 15 cm whereas female fish can reach up to 8 – 10 cm. No matter the name this sturdy fish is easy to care for making it the ideal fish … Black Convict Cichlid – A Complete Guide (Care, Diet, Facts) Read More » Origin / Habitat : Guatemala, Central America [33] The fry forage during daylight in a dense school and return to the cave or crevice for the night. The convict cichlid displays significant color across its range. Average Size The average Blood Parrot Cichlid size is around 8 inches in length for adult males and 6 to 7 inches in length for females. Updated August 5, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Convict Cichlid is probably ranked number 3 out of all cichlids as far as popularity goes, with Angelfish and Oscars being 1 and 2 respectively. If a convict cichlid is placed with any species of non-aggressive fish, they will bully them relentlessly and may even kill them. Convict Cichlid My boy Robert is already pushing 4" and thought to be less than 1year old. [14] Females adhere eggs to the walls of the cave. Koehn, J. D. and R. F. MacKenzie. The average convict cichlid size is around 4-5 inches when fully grown.These fish are rather small compared to other cichlid species. [5] In the cichlid-keeping hobby, Rusty Wessel collected one such fish, the Honduran Red Point Cichlid (Amatitlania sp.) Parameters like water temperature, water quality, and tank size aren’t nearly as vital to this type of fishes as they are with many other aquarium species. In addition, older males frequently develop vestigial fatty lumps on their foreheads. [46] Convict cichlids usually demonstrate their aggressive behavior by biting and chasing, which entails bursts of high speed targeted at the intruder, and also show their aggression via their body size. [5], A number of synonyms exist for this species including: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum, Cryptoheros nigrofasciatus and Heros nigrofasciatus. [48], The aquarium should be decorated to mimic the natural environment and include rocks and artificial caves for breeding. "Convict and Jack Dempsey placed in new genera". Temperament / Behavior : Like many cichlids, the convict is no exception when it comes to defending it's territory, especially when breeding. The male Convict will be larger than the female, but the females will be more colorful. Convict Cichlid Size The male convict cichlid grows up to 6 inches in length, while the female grows to an average length of 4 inches. [39], The effect of population density on sexual selection for convict cichlids has been studied. Noakes, D. L. G. Ontogeny of behavior in cichlids. [9][10] The Honduran Red Point Convict ranges from Atlantic Honduras south to Costa Rica. Convict Cichlids are rather aggressive, so having the right tank shape, size, and décor can make all the difference in helping with their activity in this way. They aren’t as big as some others. [44] In fact, it is observed that when one of the mates is removed, either parent is still able to raise the offspring independently by having the capacity for all the parental behaviors. The fry will respond to signals from both the male and the female. Such fish include T-Bar cichlids, Honduran red points, Green Terrors, Jewel cichlids, Salvini, Jack Dempsey, (Keep in mind as Dempseys outgrow the convicts territorial issues will become a problem.) Mills D, Vevers G (1989) The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Convict Cichlid - Hump on the Head In the aquarium world, when one talks about humps, the first thing that comes to mind, is the Flower horn. The convict cichlids are more aggressive at 30 °C as opposed to 26 °C, which may be explained by the fact that convict cichlids tend to set up their breeding sites and spawn at 30 °C. The parents anticipate night, using a sense of time; in laboratory experiments convict cichlids continued to retrieve young as night approached even in the absence of any signal, such as dimming light. In other words, convicts can breed in almost any reasonably environment. Native range: Central America Introduction: Likely aquarium release. [20] Its relatively small size, along with ease of keeping and breeding, make the convict an ideal cichlid for beginners and advanced aquarists alike interested in observing pair bonds and brood care.[20]. Due to their prolific breeding in captivity, there is a very low demand for Convict fry, and one may easily find their aquarium overstocked with an inbreeding population of Convicts without any avenues for adoption. In addition to being shorter, females also have a more round/plump body. The Convict Cichlid is a very aggressive fish and it is best to keep only one pair in your tank. They are also incredibly hardy and require little maintenance apart from your proper aquarium maintenance. Look for cichlid pellets which can give them all the vitamins and minerals they need. Generally, even aggressive cichlids can coexist with loaches, catfish, shark species, plecos, and larger tetra species. A mature male Convict Cichlid is longer, approximately 6 inches, while the female is around 4.5 inches long. Unusually for fish, the female is more highly coloured. Quite often you may encounter pink convict cichlid – its body is pinkish and yellow, the eyes are dark colored. [15] Most experts agree that a pair of convicts should be kept in a 20-gallon aquarium or larger. Convict Cichlids, also known as zebra cichlids due to their beautiful black and white stripes, are an ideal fish for beginners. Fish body has about 8-9 vertical dark stripes on it, due to which the fish has got its name. (eds.) The Honduran Red Point: A beautiful blue convict-type species from Honduras. Lifespan : 8 - 10 years, maybe slightly longer. In particular, the species occurs along the eastern coast of Central America from Guatemala to Costa Rica, and on the western coast from Honduras to Panama.